Presentation on theme: "Building of Sustainable Energy System in Ukraine Building of Sustainable Energy System in Ukraine (acitivities and prospects) Prakhovnyk A.V., Inshekov."— Presentation transcript:
Building of Sustainable Energy System in Ukraine Building of Sustainable Energy System in Ukraine (acitivities and prospects) Prakhovnyk A.V., Inshekov E. N. Institute for Energy Saving and Energy Management NTUU “KPI” “International Black Sea Energy Policy Conference – Energy Investments and Trade Opportunities”, October 8-9, 2008, Athens
Content: IntroductionIntroduction Creating a Smart distribution systemCreating a Smart distribution system Development of the Distributed Generation (DG) & Low Carbon energy technologyDevelopment of the Distributed Generation (DG) & Low Carbon energy technology Development & Accelerate the penetration of DG with the Renewable Energy Sources (RES)Development & Accelerate the penetration of DG with the Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Creating a Eco – SmartBuildingsCreating a Eco – SmartBuildings Barriers on the way to the energy efficiencyBarriers on the way to the energy efficiency
Geo-situation of Ukraine, base Statistic Indicators Territory (mln km2) Population (mln) GDP (billion 2000 US$) GDP (PPP) (billion 2000 US$) TPES (Mtoe) TPES/Population (toe/capita) TPES/GDP (toe/thousand US$) TPES/GDP (PPP) (toe/thousand) Electricity Consumption (TWh) Electricity Consumption/Population (kWh/capita) Energy Production (Mtoe) Net Imports (Mtoe) CO2 Emissions (Mt of CO2) CO2/TPES (t CO2/toe) CO2/Population (t CO2/capita) CO2/GDP (kg CO2/2000 US$) CO2/GDP (PPP) (kg CO2)
Energy system of Ukraine Electric Power Industry (incl. Nuclear Power)Electric Power Industry (incl. Nuclear Power) Heating Industry (Production of thermal power)Heating Industry (Production of thermal power) Coal IndustryCoal Industry Oil & Gas Production ComplexOil & Gas Production Complex Oil & Gas Transportation SystemOil & Gas Transportation System New Generation – Energy Saving !New Generation – Energy Saving !
Electricity Generation at TPP, NPP and HPP
Ukraine in European Gas Market
Ukrainian Oil Transportation System Current State and Development
Driving forces for sustainable energy development in Ukraine 1.Permanent growth of traditional energy prices. 2.Possibility to increase energy independence. 3.Possibility to develop local economy (money does not go to the oil and gas exporting countries but remains in the region). 4.Growing possibilities for biomass export. 5.Kyoto Protocol process with CO 2 emission reduction request and possibilities of CO 2 credits. 6.Permanent strengthening of ecological norms. 7.Possibility to reduce unemployment.
Sustainable energy policy - the way to the sustainable development of economy Sustainable energy policy - the way to the sustainable development of economy reliability and security economic availability ecological favorableness
Sustainable energy development Smart Grids technology & Distribution system 1.Development & impact of DG -LC energy technology 2. Accelerate the penetration of DG-RES energy technology 3. Improvement traditional energy technology 4. Improve energy efficiency - Efficient energy use; - Eco – SmartBuildings.
Smart distribution system (1) Adapting the Ukrainian energy system into a distribution system, based on a diverse mix: of DG-LC & DG-RES energy sources for market electricity;of DG-LC & DG-RES energy sources for market electricity; heating and cooling;heating and cooling; energy efficiency;energy efficiency; storage options.storage options.
Smart distribution system (2) The impact:The impact: -supply side, the technology and infrastructure developments; -demand side influences should be assessed by refining, up-dating, specifying and extending energy technology models, by including energy efficiency and savings and renewable energy aspects.
Distributed Generation (DG) Basis electric energy regime.Basis electric energy regime. Сo-generation.Сo-generation. A maximal loading regime.A maximal loading regime. Providing of more high level of reliability of the electric system and quality of electric power.Providing of more high level of reliability of the electric system and quality of electric power. Compensation of insufficient carrying capacity of transmissions & distribution lines.Compensation of insufficient carrying capacity of transmissions & distribution lines. Generation of auxiliary power.Generation of auxiliary power. Control of reactive power and correction of voltage level.Control of reactive power and correction of voltage level.
The Smart Grid The Smart Grid is intelligent infrastructure that accommodates a multitude of energy services, markets, integrated DG and control programs.The Smart Grid is intelligent infrastructure that accommodates a multitude of energy services, markets, integrated DG and control programs. The Smart Grid is dependent on security, quality, reliability and availability.The Smart Grid is dependent on security, quality, reliability and availability.
There are several key smart distribution network automated metering (intelligent metering system and data management);automated metering (intelligent metering system and data management); distribution and outage management;distribution and outage management; distribution and substation automation;distribution and substation automation; simulation and optimization;simulation and optimization; enterprise business intelligence.enterprise business intelligence.
ENERGY EFFICIENCY INTELLECTUALITY ECOLOGICAL COMPATIBILITY ECOLOGICAL COMPATIBILITY
Design and planning of the Eco – SmartBuildings include: construction phase of the building & microclimate; technologies of rationalising use and storage of energy; integration of different energy efficient DG-LC technologies; self-supply from DG - RES; development of a methodology for monitoring and intelligent control of the expected impacts, using of models for the assessment of the overall energy performance.
is expected to integrate the 5 subsystems: Eco – SmartBuildings is expected to integrate the 5 subsystems: of microclimate support of water supply of energy consumption of energy supply intellectual subsystem of control and management
project Eco – SmartBuildings project Solar collector Solar battery Wind turbine Electric power supply (reserve) Mechanical work from the wind turbine Accumulator of electric power Full cell Accumulative tank Variants of heat- accumulating resistance heating Heat pump
Barriers on the way to the energy efficiency and sustainable energy FinancialFinancial Are often mentioned while discussing energy saving problems SocialSocial Connected with the level of education, information providing and mentality ManufacturingManufacturing For an industry the energy efficiency often isn’t esteemed as the relevant part of business. Management body doesn’t pay attention to energy efficiency but to own manufacturing specific problems. Management - organizationalManagement - organizational Are basically connected with the relics of a command- administrative management system LegalLegal As the law “About energy saving” has no "direct acting" (it isn’t of a direct administrative executing) MarketMarket The implementation of market transformations does not respond to the modern requirements
Classes of the barriers (obstacles) on the way to the sustainable energy development:Classes of the barriers (obstacles) on the way to the sustainable energy development: Technical (environmental and economical) Social (mentality, education, training) Managerial – institutional Way to overcome institutional barriersWay to overcome institutional barriers Build hierarchic energy management system (EMS) Barriers for sustainable energy development
Hierarchy of Energy Management
System strategy for building sustainable energy system ReliabilityReliability It is necessary to apply the most effective means to provide reliability (along with continuity) of energy supplying. Prices and tariffs policyPrices and tariffs policy The rules and mechanisms of the prices on electrical energy fixing should ensure a correctness and transparency of pricing both for the sellers and for energy customers; they should be effective. And new normative acts should be introduced. Legislation and normative baseLegislation and normative base For energy policy is it relevant to accept new and to modify and make additions to the existing laws and normative acts of Ukraine Energy use efficiencyEnergy use efficiency The increase of the energy use efficiency will promote the increase of the energy supplying reliability. Environmental protection and climate change mitigationEnvironmental protection and climate change mitigation
Thank you for attention! Institute for Energy Saving and Energy Management NTUU “KPI”, NTUU “KPI”, Ukraine, 03056, Kiev, Borschagovska 115, ph , fax ,