Presentation on theme: "UNESCO and Violence Against Women (VAW)"— Presentation transcript:
1UNESCO and Violence Against Women (VAW) Presentation by Saniye Gulser CoratChief, Women and Gender Equality SectionBureau of Strategic PlanningUNESCO1 March New York
2Gender-based Violence Gender based violence or violence against women and girls is a major human rights problem throughout the world today.It is also acknowledged as a public health problem and as a crime against women and society.As the SG noted in his address to CSW yesterday, regarding violence against women, there is no “grounds for tolerance and there are no tolerable excuses”.
3Scope of the ProblemViolence against women and girls affects one in three women/girlsViolence against women and girls kills and maims manyViolence against women and girls is a major cause of death and disability for women 16 to 44 years of age and it is considered a major public health emergencyViolence against women and girls has become a new strategy of warfare
4VAW: Invisible Problem Violence against women and girls has been invisible for a long time – invisible both literally because it often happens behind closed doors or effectively because legal systems, cultural norms often treat it not as a crime but as a family matter or a normal part of life
5Making VAW VisibleThe international community has been making every effort to move the issue from the shadows to foreground, from the private sphere to the public fora.
6International Efforts I Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (1967)Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1979)General Recommendation 19 on Violence against Women (1992)Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993)Special Rapporteur on violence against women (1994)The Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing (1995)
7International Efforts II General Assembly Resolution 52/86 on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Measures to Eliminate Violence against Women (1997)Optional Protocol to CEDAW (1999)UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (2000)UN Convention on Transnational Organized Crime (2000)UN General Assembly Resolution 58/185 (22 December 2003) adopted by consensus. The resolution entitled “In-depth study on all forms of violence against women” requests the SG to conduct an in-depth study on all forms and manifestations of violence against women.
8UNESCO Policy ContextUNESCO’s work in the area of VAW is guided by the Organization’s gender mainstreaming policy as stated in paragraph 32 of its Medium Term Strategy for and its Gender Mainstreaming Implementation Framework for (GMIF).
9UNESCO and Gender Equality I The Medium Term Strategy for states:“a gender equality perspective will be integrated in policy, planning, programming, implementation and evaluation activities in all areas of UNESCO’s competence with a view to promoting empowerment and achieving gender equality”.
10UNESCO and Gender Equality II This policy commitment is translated into practical guidance and well-defined lines of responsibility in the document Gender Mainstreaming Implementation Framework, prepared by the Women and Gender Equality Section of the Bureau of Strategic Planning in collaboration with UNESCO sectors and Field Offices.
11UNESCO and CEDAWUNESCO actively promotes CEDAW, especially Article 10, which calls for all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of education and the elimination of stereotyped concepts of roles of men and women at all levels and in all forms of education.
12UNESCO and VAW Currently UNESCO addresses the following types of VAW: Inter-personal violence in and out of schoolsThe trafficking of womenWomen in conflict and post-conflict situations (including the use of rape as a tool of war)
13UNESCO’s Approach to VAW UNESCO has a two-pronged approach to VAW :A behavioral approachA structural approach
14UNESCO’s Approach to VAW: A Behavioral Approach Through education and with the help of ICTs, UNESCO seeks to build commitment to peace and non-violence in the minds of men and women. This includes the promotion of gender-sensitive human rights education and non-violent conflict resolution approaches.UNESCO Human Rights education seeks to bring about a profound reform of education. It touches upon curriculum development, in-service and pre-service training, textbooks, methodology, classroom management, and the organization of the education system at all levels.
15UNESCO’s Approach to VAW: A Structural Approach Through its programmes, UNESCO looks at the structural causes of violence against women and seeks to encourage holistic and culturally appropriate policy responses towards their elimination.
16UNESCO Initiatives on VAW (I) Development of training methods in non-violent conflict resolution - Education for a Culture of Peace in a Gender Perspective (training manual) in English (2001) and French (2003).Collection of best practices in the area of non-violent conflict resolution in the field of formal and non-formal education
17UNESCO Initiatives on VAW (II) Promotion of gender equality in primary and secondary education through curriculum reform (Pakistan; Morocco, Mauritania).Sensitization workshops on men’s roles in the struggle for gender equality (Pakistan).The main focus of this project is on identifying gender biases and stereotypes in curricula and textbooks and developing strategies to address them. These efforts address hidden/structural violence against women.This project, entitled “Breaking the Mould: Men’s involvement in the Quest for Gender Equality”, sought to provide young men and women, with the opportunity to explore and understand men’s changing gender roles.
18UNESCO Initiatives on VAW (III) Within the context of UNESCO’s project “Culturally appropriate approaches to HIV/AIDS”, activities are being undertaken in order to raise public awareness on traditional attitudes and practices that are harmful to women’s health or put them at risk of infection.
19Awareness Raising and Outreach I International Years coordinated by UNESCO; UNESCO Prizes and Awards contributing to the recognition of women’s and men’s contribution to the fight against violence in all its forms including VAW:UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence. Taslima Nasrin wins UNESCO prize for the promotion of tolerance and non-violence. October 12, 2004 (UNESCO) –UNESCO Prize for Peace Education. Ms Betty Reardon (Honourable Mention, USA, in 2001); Ms Christiana Ayoka Mary Thorpe (Honourable Mention, Sierra Leone in 2002)International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non Violence; one of its 8 Action Areas relate to equality between women and men. UNESCO coordinates this decade. Site :
20Awareness Raising and Outreach II Production of monographs and case studies:Research papers prepared on “Women in the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo”, (2004/2005)Research paper on “Family Law in the Islamic Republic of Iran” (2004)Male roles, masculinities and violence (2004)Women and a Culture of Peace in Africa: Case studies on traditional conflict resolution (2003)Women’s Rights and bioethics; chapter on Violence against Women (2000)Women Say No to War (1999)The Use of Rape as a Tool of War (1995).
21Awareness Raising and Outreach III Development of gender-sensitive information, education and communication materials and radio programmes for post/neo-literates addressing issues of VAW:STOP This Violence ! (Kenya)Changing Times, Changing Attitudes. Alternative Portrayals of Men and Women (2001)Minority language radio programming for trafficking prevention (Mekong region, expanding southern China)
22Awareness Raising and Outreach IV International and Regional Conferences:Building a More Secure Future for Women Reporters” (Paris, 2005); conference focused on the role of the media in the elimination of VAW“Women in the Service of Peace” (Paris – 2004)“Women’s Contribution to a Culture of Peace” Conferences and political Declarations (Hanoi- 2000; Zanzibar – 1999)
23UNESCO Web Sites - Non-violence Education - Focusing Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH)Site: - Education in situations of armed conflict and crisis – Women and Girls EducationSite: - UNESCO’s Social Science Sector Programme in favour of Women and Gender EqualitySite: - UNESCO’s Gender Mainstreaming Resource CenterSite:
24Contact information for Women and Gender Equality at UNESCO:Ms Saniye Gülser CORATChief, Section for Women and Gender EqualityBureau of Strategic Planning7, Place de Fontenoy75007 Paris – FRANCeTel :Fax : :