Presentation on theme: "Pros and Cons of the Additional Member System (AMS)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Pros and Cons of the Additional Member System (AMS) RecapScotland’s voting system uses the AMSThis is a combination of two types of votingFirst Past the Post (FPTP) and Proportional Representation (PR)
2 Pros and Cons of the Additional Member System (AMS) RecapFPTP – used to elect constituency MSPsPR – used to electregional MSPs
3 Pros and Cons of the Additional Member System (AMS) RecapFPTP – used to elect constituency MSPsPR – used to electregional MSPs
4 Pros and Cons of the Additional Member System (AMS) FPTP – candidates stand in an area (e.g. Glasgow Shettleston) and whoever gets most votes winsPR – Parties stand in region (e.g. Glasgow) and are awarded MSPs based on the total number of votes they receive(number of seats won is proportional to number of MSPs)
5 Pros and Cons of the Additional Member System (AMS) Less votes are wasted compared to FPTP system.Produces a more proportional result than FPTP.PROSMore parties are represented unlike FPTP where biggest parties dominate. More views heard.Produces more coalitions – more than one party in control so more views heard.
6 Pros and Cons of the Additional Member System (AMS) Could lead to extremist parties, e.g. BNP, getting representation.Choice of candidates – parties choose who goes on party list of regional candidates so voters have less say.CONSConflict between constituency MSPs and regional MSPs – who is more important?Creates confusion because too many MSPs in area – who do you contact about a problem?Coalition governments are less stable than having one party in charge.
7 Pros and Cons of First Past the Post (FPTP) No confusion over who represents you – only one person – stronger bond between constituents and MSPs.Easy to understand – whoever gets the most votes wins.PROSCreates stronger government as there is less chance of minority or coalition governments.Constituents have one representative to contact if they have any problems.
8 Pros and Cons of First Past the Post (FPTP) Rewards parties who have lots of support in certain areas but penalises parties who’s support is spread across country.Unfair as too many votes wasted.CONSUnfair as candidates can be elected with less than 50% of vote.
9 Questions Explain how votes are wasted in the FPTP system. Why is it easier for smaller parties to be elected using the AMS system?Do you think it is a good or bad thing that smaller parties have a better chance of gaining MSPs? Explain your answer.Which system, FPTP or AMS, do you think is better for elections? Give at least two reasons for your answer.
11 There are many reasons why some people are unhappy with the AMS system There are many reasons why some people are unhappy with the AMS system. The first reason is that many believe the system produces too many MSPs. For example…
12 Happy with the way AMS has worked • Fairer/more proportional so voters choices more likely to be reflected in Parliament.• Each voter has two votes so able to split vote – greater choice.• More representatives to choose from ie constituency and 7 regional MSPs.• Unlikely to produce majority government which may exert too much power (with minorityof votes).• Has resulted in 8 years of coalition government with reasonable stability and now produced minority government – with reasonable degree of success (so far).Unhappy with the way AMS has worked• Complex voting system may cause confusion as in 2007 with many ‘lost’ or ‘wasted’ votes.• Does not produce majority government therefore need for coalition and now minority government having difficulty in getting legislation passed.• Two types of MSP elected with some confusion over roles.• Not completely proportional – still over-represents larger parties ie Labour and SNP while under-representing smaller parties.