2Crime ReportExamples of Passive Voice:On the night of January 12th, Star Video on Main Street was burglarized. The police reported the following: The glass door was broken and the alarm was disconnected. The suspect, who was watching a video, was found in a back room. Police were led to the suspect by a trail of popcorn and gummy bears. He was taken to the police station for questioning.
3Legal System in the U.S.Examples of Passive Voice:If a crime is committed, a suspect is usually arrested and taken to jail. A lawyer is called and the suspect is interviewed. If a trial is necessary, jurors are selected. If the defendant is found guilty, he is sentenced by the judge to serve time in prison.
4Form Passive Voice = Be + Past Participle + (by + Object) Subject Be (not)Past Participle(by + Object)Star Videowasburglarized.The videoswere notstolen.A caseisbeing reviewedby a judge.
5Active vs. Passive 1 The police arrested the criminal. Active sentences focus on the agent (person or thing doing the action). Passive sentences focus on the object (person or thing receiving the action).The police arrested the criminal.ActivevoiceSubject isdoing the action.The criminal was arrested by the police.Subject isreceiving the action.Passivevoice
6Active vs. Passive 2 Active Voice Passive Voice A judge reviews the case.The case is reviewed by a judge.Someone removed the videos.The videos were removed.The jury didn’t find the defendant guilty.The defendant wasn’t found guilty.
7Identify the agent and receiver of the action Identify the agent and receiver of the action. Are the verbs active or passive?Practice 11. The lawyer instructed the jury.Active voiceAgent of theaction2. The jury was instructed by the lawyer.Passive voiceReceiver of theaction
8Identify the agent and receiver of the action Identify the agent and receiver of the action. Are the verbs active or passive?Practice 21. The case was read by the judge.Passive voiceReceiver ofthe action2. The judge read the case.Active voiceAgent ofthe action
9Use of Passive Voice 1Use the passive voice when the agent of the action is unknown or not important.Pictures and fingerprints are taken.Jurors are selected.
10Use of Passive Voice 2Use the passive voice when we want to avoid mentioning the agent.Passive voiceWe don’t knowwho is responsible.Active voicePaolo isresponsible.Paulo committed a crime.A crime was committed.
11By PhrasesUse a by phrase when it is important to know who performs the action.The video store was burglarizedby a former employee.The informationis surprising.
12Practice 3 Change the sentences from active to passive voice. Example: The lawyers submitted evidence.Evidence was submitted by the lawyers.1. The witness answered questions.Questions were answered (by the witness).2. The prosecution raised objections.Objections were raised (by the prosecution).3. Jurors take notes.Notes are taken (by the jurors).