Presentation on theme: "OPEN ACCESS – TEN YEARS AFTER. LIBRARIANS’ LIFE Before 80s Well-structured, Organized, Predictable, Easy, Fun….not soo bad."— Presentation transcript:
OPEN ACCESS – TEN YEARS AFTER
LIBRARIANS’ LIFE Before 80s Well-structured, Organized, Predictable, Easy, Fun….not soo bad
Technologies Change Our Entire LIFE
Technology Changes -1990s. Billiana Alexandrova Hytelnet –peter Scott 1991 Gopher – Paul Linder 1993 – Mosaic 1995 – Amazon Google 1997/8- MEDLine E-journals
“ A perfect Storm ” The crisis in scholarly publishing The crisis in library budgets The challenges of Digital preservation The cost of disseminating research 5
Number of Journals Doubling every 20 years Crisis in scholarly publishing
…. but number of journals purchased by libraries are decreasing
Price Shock -- $14,495.00
Price Shock -- $4, l Source: Source:
Scholarly Communications first peer-review journals –“Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society” – London; “Journal de Scavans” - Paris Postwar boom in publishing The beginning of conglomerate publishing Big Mergers and Acquisitions –Reed Elsevier, Lippincott-Raven, Francis&Taylor(1797); Kluwer, Springer, Blackwell,Thompson-only after 1990s Big Business -Forbes ranked the Publishing Industry # 5 th
Second Scholarly Publication Crisis… OMG!
Dealing With the Crisis Libraries and scholars have been using a number of strategies to cope with the crisis in scholarly communication: -canceling journals ‘subscription. -Improving document delivery services. -cooperative collection development. -greater dependence on e- resources
Reconsidering Scholarly publishing Lost in the wilderness Main agents in the process Funding Issues Copyrights Traditional & Commercial Publishers Alternatives
14 This has given rise to…. Open Access
SUPPORT FOR OA BOAI-OSI – programs OSI and the Scholarly Publication Crisis Meeting in Budapest –Dec Unification of Terminology – Open Access Articulation of the Main Strategies to support OA Opening new venues for scholarly communication: –Bethesda Statement –Berlin Declaration
BOAI cont. Financial support –for workshops and trainings –For many projects –Support for many initiatives of SPARC –Open access Blog – Peter Suber –DOAJ –DOAR
OPEN ACCESS Open the channels of communication Access scientific and scholarly research Online Free of charge Free of most licensing restrictions.
5 OA VEHICLESs Two primary vehicles for delivering OA to research articles: –OA journals and –OA archives or repositories OA journals –Open access journals are e-journals that may or may not have their print editions –OA journals are peer reviewed, free at the point of access by the publishers –Funding for the Open Access journals come either from the funding agencies or grants
It’s not so Impossible…wow! A modern maxim says: ``People tend to overestimate what can be done in one year and to underestimate what can be done in five or ten years.''
A whole New World Was Born OA Journals OA Archives &IR New legal framework has been developed New Infrastructure is being built OAI –PMH interoperability New Indexing Services provided New culture adopted
OA Journals By Countries
SPARC EUROPE CERTIFICATE CC BY/OAI-PHM
E-Depot National Library of Netherlands – preservation function – digital archive Archiving environment for the KB’s national electronic deposit collection Includes: the Dutch web archive and digitised master images in line with the international nature of information provision, the KB has extended its e-Depot services to international publishers worldwide (now 12 million objects). The e-Depot is supported by sustained research and development efforts geared towards maintaining the integrity of stored digital objects. “The content of the DOAJ collection contains many new, specific aspects to overcome. We are sure that we can rise to the challenge, working together for the benefit of present and future generations”, says Marcel Ras, Manager e-Depot.
SERVICES FOR AUTHORS
Big Debates- Impact factor -OA McVeigh,M.E. Open access journals in the ISI Citation Databases &Analysis of impact factors and Citation patterns- a citation study from Thompson Scientifichttp://www.isinet.com/media/presentrep/essays pdf/openaccessciations2.pdfhttp://www.isinet.com/media/presentrep/essays pdf/openaccessciations2.pdf Hajjem, C. Ten-Year cross-disciplinary comparison of the growth of open access and how it increases research ciation impact. IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin,2005, Vol.28,4,с : Brody, T. Citation Analysis in the Open Access World Brody,T. et. OA Citation Information. Final Report – extended version. JISC SCHolarly Communication Group
POLITICAL SUPPORT FOR OA OA MANDATE -Europe U.K. RCs- Position Statement on Access to Research 2006 – Welcome Trust – the first to mandate OA for the research it supports 6 out of the 7 th U.K. Research Councils adopted OA mandate CERN,CNRS,Max Plank Institute 2006 –”Economic and Technical Evolution of the Scientific Publication Markets of Europe” –EC on Scientific Research recommended OA mandate for publicly funded research February Brussels – ECSR –meeting – European Research Area
OA Mandates -EUROPE 10 January,2008- historical event European Research Council –the largest sponsor in Europe for scientific research –7,500,000,000 euro for FP7 ( ) –2008- another 10,000,000,000 euro –OA mandate Support from EC European Scientific Foundation and EuroHORC- –Vision on a Globally Competitive European Research Area and Road Map for Actions to Help Build ItVision on a Globally Competitive European Research Area and Road Map for Actions to Help Build It –National Academies of Sciences
OA MANDATE -U.S.A – NIH –OA recommended,2007-mandated Federal Research Public Access Act - OA mandate for research research projects, sponsored by the organizations with the annual budget more that $ 100,000,000 –NIH, NSF, Department of Energy, etc Harvard,MIT, Stanford,UC, followed by many others
Publishers’ Changing policies SPRINGER –Open Choice Oxford Open Initiative SAGE launched its first line of full OA journals, after teaming up with Hindawi +Hinari Wiley-Blackwell Elsevier CERN’s SCOAP3 project (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) The Mellon Foundation - a study of massive redirection projects designed to support OA journals
Publishers offer additional services Publishing fee waiver for Institutions with subscription – Oxford, Springer,et. Oxford 5– subscription prices is going down Many other options on the table –negotiate them for your authors!!!!!
OA Archives -classification Many classifications – –Type of content –Type of documents –Audience –Functions –Coverage –Purpose
OA ARCHIVES - classification Journals archives Departmental IR IR Regional National –DAREnet, DIVA International –ArXiv,CogPrints,RePEC Many others
SEARCH ENGINES A&B SERVICES
Metadata Searching Heterogeneous resources, location, format, technologies, type
Project CrossRef - Google
Most comprehensive science-specific Index Unique way of a Commercial Organization Efforts to meet and serve World Scholarly Community Needs More than four million users around the world Free Web Search Engine
Tools for Building OA Repositories OAI-PMH Softwares: –ePrints –DSpace –Greenstone –UNESCO- Gutenberg project –CDSInveno- CERN –Fedora –ARNO –PKP 62
Big Questions/Big Fights? Print as developed over the past half millennium, made the libraries what they are today /were yesterday?! The end of print era and print libraries What library activities make sense today? What will be the library of the future?
Open Access and Libraries Corrects the dysfunctional market Expands the scope of resources libraries provide access to Defines new tasks and roles for librarians Reshape the traditional library activity ”Collection Development” Gives new opportunities for libraries to be creative and proactive
What’s Next? Technological predictions are notoriously hard to make correctly “There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home”. Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977 “640K ought to be enough for anybody.” Bill Gates, 1981