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METHOD OF IMAGES

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Class Activities: Method of Images

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Whiteboard: Calculate voltage (everywhere in space!) for 2 equal/opposite point charges a distance “d” above and below the origin. Where is V(r)=0?

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A) Simple Coulomb’s law: B) Something more complicated A point charge +Q sits above a very large grounded conducting slab. What is E(r) for other points above the slab? z x y +Q 3.7 r

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Infinite grounded conducting slab

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Boundary Conditions: (grounded)

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Calculate voltage V(r) (everywhere in space!) for 2 equal/opposite point charges a distance “d” above and below the origin. Where is V(r)=0? (If you’re done early, figure out Ex, Ey, and Ez from this voltage, and evaluate (simplify) AT the plane z=0)

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Boundary Conditions: (grounded)

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Boundary Conditions: “Image Charge” (grounded)

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Method of Images Last Class: Uniqueness Theorem If: & & If: on the boundaries Poisson’s Equation Then:everywhere (within the boundaries)

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Boundary Conditions: Uniqueness Theorem (grounded)

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Siméon Denis Poisson 1781-1840 Method of Images

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William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) 1824-1907 Method of Images

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James Clerk Maxwell 1831-1879 “Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism” 1873, Vol. 1, Ch. XI (p. 245-283, 3 rd Ed.) Method of Images

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Boundary Conditions: (grounded)

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Boundary Conditions: (grounded)

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A) 0 B) C) D) Something more complicated A point charge +Q sits above a very large grounded conducting slab. What is the electric force on this charge? z x y +Q d 3.8

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A) B) Something else. A point charge +Q sits above a very large grounded conducting slab. What's the energy of this system? +Q 3.8b z x y d

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3.9 Two ∞ grounded conducting slabs meet at right angles. How many image charges are needed to solve for V(r)? +Q A) one B) two C) three D) more than three E) Method of images won't work here r

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On paper (don’t forget your name!) in your own words (by yourself): What is the idea behind the method of images? What does it accomplish? What is its relation to the uniqueness theorem?

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Could we use the method of images for THIS problem? Find V(r) everywhere z>0, Given these two charges above a (grounded, infinite, conducting) plane? A)Yes, it requires 1 “image charge” B)Yes, it requires 2 images C)Yes, more than 2 image charge D) No, this problem can NOT be solved using the “trick” of image charges…

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Could we use the method of images for THIS problem? Find V(r) everywhere z>0, Given these two charges above a (grounded, infinite, conducting) plane?

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Prof. David R. Jackson Dept. of ECE Fall 2013 Notes 26 ECE 6340 Intermediate EM Waves 1.

Prof. David R. Jackson Dept. of ECE Fall 2013 Notes 26 ECE 6340 Intermediate EM Waves 1.

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