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November 2012 Core slides HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Health care response.

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Presentation on theme: "November 2012 Core slides HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Health care response."— Presentation transcript:

1 November 2012 Core slides HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Health care response

2 Including 3.3 million children less than 15 years 2.5 millions new infections (including children); 22% less than in million people died of AIDS in 2011 Each day almost people newly infected Each day more people on antiretroviral therapy Globally, 34.0 million people living with HIV in 2011

3 Global summary of the AIDS epidemic  million [31.4–35.9 million] 30.7 million [28.2–32.3 million] 16.7 million [15.4–17.6 million] 3.3 million [3.1–3.8 million] 2.5 million [2.2–2.8 million] 2.2 million [1.9–2.4 million] [ – ] 1.7 million [1.5–1.9 million] 1.5 million [1.3–1.7 million] [ – ] Number of people living with HIV People newly infected with HIV in 2011 AIDS deaths in 2011 Total Adults Women Children (<15 years) Total Adults Children (<15 years) Total Adults Children (<15 years)

4 Global estimates for adults and children  2011 People living with HIV 34.0 million [31.4 million–35.9 million] New HIV infections in million [2.2 million–2.8 million] Deaths due to AIDS in million [1.5 million–1.9 million]

5 Global estimates for children  2011 Children living with HIV 3.3 million [3.1 million–3.8 million] New HIV infections in [ – ] Deaths due to AIDS in [ – ]

6 The ranges around the estimates in this table define the boundaries within which the actual numbers lie, based on the best available information. Regional HIV and AIDS statistics and features  2011 TOTAL 34.0 million [31.4 million – 35.9 million] 2.5 million [2.2 million – 2.8 million] Adults and children newly infected with HIV Adults and children living with HIV Sub-Saharan Africa Middle East and North Africa South and South-East Asia East Asia Latin America Caribbean Eastern Europe and Central Asia Western and Central Europe North America Oceania 23.5 million [22.1 million – 24.8 million] 4.0 million [3.1 million – 5.2 million] 1.4 million [1.1 million – 1.7 million] 1.4 million [1.1 million – 1.8 million] 1.4 million [1.1 million – 2.0 million] 1.8 million [1.6 million – 2.0 million] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – 1.2 million] [ – ] [ – 1.0 million] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [9600 – ] [ – ] 2900 [2200 – 3800] 1.7 million [1.5 million – 1.9 million] Adult & child deaths due to AIDS 1.2 million [1.1 million – 1.3 million] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [ – ] [8200 – ] 7000 [6100 – 7500] 1300 [<1000 – 1800] 0.8% [0.7% - 0.8%] Adult prevalence (15 ‒ 49) [%] 4.9% [4.6% – 5.1%] 0.3% [0.2% – 0.4%] 0.4% [0.3% – 0.5%] 0.8% [0.6% – 1.0%] 0.6% [0.5% – 1.0%] 0.2% [0.1% – 0.2%] 0.1% [<0.1% – 0.1%] 1.0% [0.9% – 1.1%] 0.2% [0.2% – 0.3%] 0.3% [0.2% – 0.3%]

7 Total: 34.0 million [31.4 million – 35.9 million] Western & Central Europe [ – 1.0 million] Middle East & North Africa [ – ] Sub-Saharan Africa 23.5 million [22.1 million – 24.8 million] Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1.4 million [1.1 million – 1.8 million] South & South-East Asia 4.0 million [3.1 million – 5.2 million] Oceania [ – ] North America 1.4 million [1.1 million – 2.0 million] Latin America 1.4 million [1.1 million – 1.7 million] East Asia [ – 1.2 million] Caribbean [ – ] Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV  2011

8 Estimated number of adults and children newly infected with HIV  2011 Western & Central Europe [ – ] Middle East & North Africa [ – ] Sub-Saharan Africa 1.8 million [1.6 million – 2.0 million] Eastern Europe & Central Asia [ – ] South & South-East Asia [ – ] Oceania2900 [2200 – 3800] North America [ – ] Latin America [ – ] East Asia [ – ] Caribbean [9600 – ] Total: 2.5 million [2.2 million – 2.8 million]

9 Estimated adult and child deaths from AIDS  2011 Western & Central Europe 7000 [6100 – 7500] Middle East & North Africa [ – ] Sub-Saharan Africa 1.2 million [1.1 million – 1.3 million] Eastern Europe & Central Asia [ – ] South & South-East Asia [ – ] Oceania 1300 [<1000 – 1800] North America [ – ] Latin America [ – ] East Asia [ – ] Caribbean [8200 – ] Total: 1.7 million [1.5 million – 1.9 million]

10 Western & Central Europe 1600 [1300 – 2000] Middle East & North Africa [ – ] Sub-Saharan Africa 3.1 million [2.8 million – 3.4 million] Eastern Europe & Central Asia [9600 – ] South & South-East Asia [ – ] Oceania 3600 [2800 – 4600] North America 4500 [4000 – 5800] Latin America [ – ] East Asia [ – ] Caribbean [ – ] Children (<15 years) estimated to be living with HIV  2011 Total: 3.3 million [3.1 million – 3.8 million]

11 Western & Central Europe <200 [<200] Middle East & North Africa 2600 [2000 – 3300] Sub-Saharan Africa [ – ] Eastern Europe & Central Asia <1000 [<500 – <1000] South & South-East Asia [ – ] Oceania <500 [<200 – <500] North America <100 [<100 - <200] Latin America 2200 [1000 – 4000] East Asia 2000 [<1000 – 4100] Caribbean 1100 [<1000 – 1400] Estimated number of children (<15 years) newly infected with HIV  2011 Total: [ – ]

12 Western & Central Europe <100 [<100 - <200] Middle East & North Africa 1500 [1100 – 1900] Sub-Saharan Africa [ – ] Eastern Europe & Central Asia <500 [<500 – <1000] South & South-East Asia [ – ] Oceania <500 [<200 – <500] North America <100 [<200] Latin America 2400 [1200 – 3800] East Asia 1100 [<1000 – 1700] Caribbean 1100 [<1000 – 1400] Estimated deaths in children (<15 years) from AIDS  2011 Total: [ – ]

13 New HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths People New HIV infections AIDS-related deaths Globally new HIV infections peaked in 1997

14 People living with HIV millions People living with HIV

15 Total number of people dying from AIDS-related causes in low- and middle-income countries, 1995–

16 Commitments and targets for 2015

17 Number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle- income countries, 2002 – 2011

18 Antiretroviral therapy coverage in low- and middle-income countries, adults and children [combined], December 2011 Geographical regionEstimated number of people receiving ARV therapy Estimated number of people needing ARV therapy Antiretroviral therapy coverage Sub-Saharan Africa % Latin America and the Caribbean % East, South and South-East Asia % Europe and Central Asia % North Africa and the Middle East % Total [13.7–15.6 million] 54% [50–60%]

19 Disparities in ART coverage between regions and populations, December 2011 ART coverage * 2010 HIV case reporting (18 countries)

20 Coverage of antiretroviral medicine for preventing mother-to-child transmission in low- and middle-income countries, by region, 2011

21 Retention rates for ART at 12, 24 and 60 months in selected countries, % 78% 72%


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