4Now would be a good time to start that note-taking thing…
5Just a suggestion. What do I know? I’m just the teacher.
6William Golding Born in Cornwall, England in 1911 He studied English and physics at OxfordHe faced the atrocities of warLiving through the First World warJoined the British Navy in 1940 (WWII)
7William Golding Lord of the Flies was published in 1954 Booker McConnel Prize (British Literature)Nobel Prize (1983)Died in Wiltshire, England 1993
8ThemesThe most obvious of the themes is man has a great need for the construct of civilization. Contrary to the belief that man is innocent and society evil, the story shows that laws and rules, policemen and schools are necessary to keep the darker side of human nature in line. When these institutions and concepts slip away or are ignored, human beings revert to a more primitive part of their nature.
9Evil (the beast) is within man himself. ThemesEvil (the beast) is within man himself.Golding implies that the loss of innocence has little to do with age but is related to a person's understanding of human nature. It can happen at any age or not at all. Painful though it may be, this loss of innocence by coming to terms with reality is necessary if humanity is to survive.
10ThemesFear of the unknown on the island revolves around the boys' terror of the beast. The recognition that no real beast exists, that there is only the power of fear, is one of the deepest meanings of the story.
11Is the novel realistic?Golding establishes a sense of reality by his descriptions of the boys and by the language of their conversations with each other.The boys have ordinary physical attributes and mannerisms of young boys. The group includes a variety of physical types: short, tall, dark, light, freckled, tow-headed, etc.
12Is the novel realistic?To stress the universality of their later actions, Golding takes great pains to present the boys as normal. The ‘littluns” suck their thumbs, eat sloppily, etc., while the older ones rolling about the sand, stand on their heads, and swim.
13Is the novel realistic?Even their unkindness to Piggy is credible for children often display a “natural cruelty” to anyone they consider different or inferior.Nor does their metamorphosis from ordinary schoolboys into bloodthirsty savages seem unlikely, for Golding has taken the descent one step at a time.
14Characters as SymbolsSimon - mystic, Religious side of man. Understands good and evil but no communication.Samneric - incapable of acting independently. They represent loss of identity through fear of the beast.Ralph - common sense, and responsibilityJack - immediate gratification and irresponsible authorityPiggy - ineffective intellectualismDead parachutist - the “sign,” evil developing on the island
15Each of the characters represents a part of man Characters as SymbolsEach of the characters represents a part of manGoodEvilSpiritualIntellectualAdventurousWHAT ELSE?
16Objects as SymbolsConch shell - law and order. The shell looses authority as anarchy grows. The conch fades in color and power. It’s power is broken with the “fall of piggy.”Lord of the Flies -Refers to the head of the pig which Jack has left as an offering to the “beast.” Literal translation of the “Beelzebub,” prince of demons. Symbolizes man’s capacity for evil
17Objects as SymbolsHuts - represent the desire to preserve civilization; when Jack gains power they move into caves like the animals they have become.Fire - its use divides civilization from savagery. Ralph uses it for hope; Jack for cooking. It is Jack’s group that allows the fire (hope) to go out
18Objects as symbolsPiggy’s glasses - They signify man’s ability to perceive, to think. That thought can be misused for destructive purpose is shown when Piggy’s glasses are used to smoke Ralph out.Night and Darkness -an archetypal symbol of evil, “the powers of darkness.” The boys would have recognized the chutist in the daylight, as would they have Simon. The beast is more real at night
19Objects as SymbolsFace paint - The paint helps the boys hide from their own consciences, turning them into anonymous savages who are freed from the restraints of “civilized” behavior.Stick sharpened on both ends - Represents how much evil has taken the boys over. First it was used to offer the beast the pig sacrifice; next to offer it Ralph’s.
20JackJack, chief representative of evil in the novel, is too inhibited by society’s teachings to teachings to slay the piglet the first day, he later progresses to exhilaration in his first kill.
21JackEventually he comes to kill for the sheer thrill of slaughter rather than the need for meat, and this becomes the motive for hunting.
22RalphRalph is a tall, blond twelve year old, establishes himself as the leader of the boys when he blows the conch shell to call the first assembly. Throughout the story, he struggles to maintain order and is forced to compete with Jack for respect.
23Ralph is such a character. A dynamic character is one who undergoes a change during the story because he learns a truth or comes to a realization about himself.Ralph is such a character.
24Original Character 1. Enjoys the absence of adults on the island 2. Popular3. Indifferent to Piggy4. Enjoys the island5. Likes Jack6. Trusts others7. Refuses to accept the beast.
25What changes him 1. Decay of order 2. Insistence on rules 3. Need for intelligence4. Brutal behavior revealed5. Savagery in Jack6. Betrayed by all7. Savagery in himself and other
26Character changed 1. Wishes adults were present on the island 2. An outcast3. Appreciates and misses Piggy4. Hates the island5. Fears Jack6. Trusts no one7. Knows the beast is within