What is a Worldview? A worldview is a set of presuppositions which we hold about the basic makeup of our world. James Sire
Take Every Thought Captive We are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ (2 Corinthians 10:5).
Be Ready to Make a Defense Always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you (1 Peter 3:15).
Romans 12:1-2 Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.
Stated Negatively Do not be conformed to this world Stated Positively Be transformed by the renewing of your mind
Course Objectives Discover and understand what is a world view Define your own personal world view Understand what are the essential elements of a biblical Christian world view Reflect on what it means to think Christianly
Course Objectives Integrate the biblical Christian world view into all areas of life Discern world views in circumstances of life, especially in popular culture and the media Live the Christian faith
Four Basic Questions What is real? –What is the nature of ultimate reality? –Is this universe all there is? –Is this physical universe an illusion? –Who or what is God? Timothy Phillips & Sennis Okholm Page 27
Four Basic Questions What is real? Who am I? –What does it mean to be human? –What is the purpose of human existence? –What are we doing here? Timothy Phillips & Sennis Okholm Page 27
Four Basic Questions What is real? Who am I? What is wrong? –What is the origin of suffering and evil? –Why do we die? –What keeps humans from utopia? Timothy Phillips & Sennis Okholm Page 27
Four Basic Questions What is real? Who am I? What is wrong? What is the solution? –How does one remedy this problem? –How does one attain salvation? Timothy Phillips & Sennis Okholm Page 27
Most of your World View lies under the surface and is not immediately obvious
What a World View Does Understood Accepted Acted upon Ones worldview determines how the events and circumstances of life will be…
Questions that inform all world views Definition: What is it? Purpose: Why is it here? Direction: Where is it going? Application: What should we do about it?
Naturalism Naturalism Subtitle: The silence of finite space Secular Humanism God is removed; the universe was self- activating Human personality is only an interrelation of chemical properties Values are man-made
The cosmos is all that is and all that was and all that ever will be. The cosmos is all that is and all that was and all that ever will be. Carl Sagan
C.S. Lewis in his book Miracles… Naturalism is self- refuting because it is inconsistent with the validity of reasoning.
Nihilism Nihilism Sires subtitle: Zero point Extreme pessimism / skepticism Nothing has meaning, value, significance, dignity or worth Human beings are conscious machines with no ability to effect their destiny Human animal only invents values B.F. Skinner
Existentialism Existentialism Subtitle: Beyond Nihilism Humanity is central: people make themselves who they are Knowledge is subjective No absolute moral values History is uncertain and even unimportant Supernatural is brushed aside Jean-Paul Sartre
Existentialism Existentialism Subtitle: Beyond Nihilism Even the theistic version says that the Bible, though religiously true, is historically untrustworthy. Paul Tillich
Eastern Pantheism Many (if not all) roads lead to the One Ideas are not really important Time is unreal History is cyclical Desire to enter the undifferentiated One; in one sense, each person is God
New Age New Age Sires subtitle: A separate universe Core experience is cosmic consciousness No personal God; only a mysterious Force; no Lord of the Universe unless it be us Borrows heavily from animism
May the force be with you May the force be with you Yoda
Postmodernism Postmodernism Sires subtitle: The vanished horizon All stories equally valid Focus changes from being to knowing Paradoxically, reality is forever hidden Any story but my own is oppressive Social good = whatever society takes it to be at the moment
Postmodernism Postmodernism Sires subtitle: The vanished horizon The postmodernist stares blankly at any claims to truth and shrugs: Okay if it works for you. There are many kinds of truths and consequently, there is no truth – Nietzsche Instead of the truth shall make you free, postmodernism claims that freedom shall make you true.
Postmodernists and Truth Truth is what ones peers let one get away with -- Richard Rorty Postmodern ethics inevitably slides in the direction of nihilism, holding that since nothing is really true, nothing is necessarily good -- Gerard Reed
Reality is that which, when you stop believing in it, doesnt go away. - Philip Dick (1928- 1982)
Deism Deism Sires subtitle: The clockwork universe God –Is Distant an intellect to be recognized not a person to be worshipped –Is an architect, not a lover or a judge The Cosmos is not fallen or abnormal Voltaire
The Cosmos in Deism A closed, linear, cause and effect system A clockwork universe that God allowed to run on its own God, as the first cause, never intervenes Miracles do not happen Voltaire
Christian Theism Christian Theism Sires subtitle: A world charged with the grandeur of God Knowledge, death, reality, ethics, history, and the realness of human beings are all focused on God.
Matthew 6:24 No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and wealth. How is ones world view impacted if he attempts to serve two masters?
What is the impact of taking a double vision approach to life?