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The Four Regions of West Virginia. Human and Environmental Interaction HEI – The way we use, affect, and are affected by our environment. HEI – The way.

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Presentation on theme: "The Four Regions of West Virginia. Human and Environmental Interaction HEI – The way we use, affect, and are affected by our environment. HEI – The way."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Four Regions of West Virginia

2 Human and Environmental Interaction HEI – The way we use, affect, and are affected by our environment. HEI – The way we use, affect, and are affected by our environment. Animals eliminated from WV because of human interaction Animals eliminated from WV because of human interaction wolf, bison, elk wolf, bison, elk Railroad helped the Railroad helped the industries in WV boom industries in WV boom

3 Human and Environmental Interaction 3 major industries that are examples of human/environmental interaction 3 major industries that are examples of human/environmental interaction Mining Mining Lumber Lumber Chemical Chemical Surface mining=strip mining Surface mining=strip mining Chemical industry great site in WV because of the available elements Chemical industry great site in WV because of the available elements Kanawha Valley the Chemical Valley of the World Kanawha Valley the Chemical Valley of the World

4 Surface Mining

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6 Human and Environmental Interaction Lumbering Lumbering Early settlers saw that the entire state was covered with forest. They cut down the trees and used them for two purposes: Early settlers saw that the entire state was covered with forest. They cut down the trees and used them for two purposes: To provide building materials for houses To provide building materials for houses Fuel Fuel (later used to build boats) (later used to build boats) Lumbering brought other jobs, such as: Lumbering brought other jobs, such as: Sawmills Sawmills Pulp mills-converts wood chips or other plant fiber source into a thick fiber board which can be shipped to a paper mill for further processing Pulp mills-converts wood chips or other plant fiber source into a thick fiber board which can be shipped to a paper mill for further processing Tanneries-workplace where skins and hides are tanned Tanneries-workplace where skins and hides are tanned

7 Movement Movement-the way we are linked through exploration, trade routes, settlement, migration, and invasion Movement-the way we are linked through exploration, trade routes, settlement, migration, and invasion WV was first settled in the Potomac region WV was first settled in the Potomac region Early settlers searched for food, water, and safety. Early settlers searched for food, water, and safety. Settlers traveled the least restrictive way, by valleys and following rivers. Settlers traveled the least restrictive way, by valleys and following rivers.

8 Regions (an area that is bound by common characteristics) Geographic regions are defined by: Common Climate Common Landform Economic Recreational activities West Virginia has 4 Regions: Potomac Section Allegheny Highlands Allegheny Plateau Ohio River Valley

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11 The Potomac Section Geography: Geography: In the Eastern Panhandle In the Eastern Panhandle Gently rolling farmland (Rural) Gently rolling farmland (Rural) Potomac River is its northern border (the river gives the region its name) Potomac River is its northern border (the river gives the region its name) Contains lowest point in WV (Harpers Ferry 247 feet above sea level) Contains lowest point in WV (Harpers Ferry 247 feet above sea level) A place where urban (city or town)workers flock to the region from Washington D.C. A place where urban (city or town) workers flock to the region from Washington D.C.

12 The Potomac Section History: History: It was the first region settled by Europeans It was the first region settled by Europeans In 1912 US Supreme Court ruled that the Fairfax Stone would be the starting point of the boundary between WV and MD In 1912 US Supreme Court ruled that the Fairfax Stone would be the starting point of the boundary between WV and MD Industries Industries Livestock (sheep and cattle) because of excellent grass Livestock (sheep and cattle) because of excellent grass Peach & Apple orchards because of great soil Peach & Apple orchards because of great soil Apple Butter Festival Apple Butter Festival Mountain State Apple Harvest Festival Mountain State Apple Harvest Festival

13 The Potomac Section Natural Features Natural Features (Warm springs) Berkeley Springs (Warm springs) Berkeley Springs Spa (health resort) Spa (health resort) Whitewater rafting on the Shenandoah River Whitewater rafting on the Shenandoah River Potomac Eagle (The Trough) Potomac Eagle (The Trough) State Parks- Cacapon and Berkeley Springs State Parks- Cacapon and Berkeley Springs Harpers Ferry Harpers Ferry (picture on front of text) (picture on front of text)

14 The Allegheny Highlands Geography: Geography: Mountainous Region - Forms the dividing line between eastern and western WV Mountainous Region - Forms the dividing line between eastern and western WV Contains Highest Point in WV - Spruce Knob 4862 feet above sea level Contains Highest Point in WV - Spruce Knob 4862 feet above sea level The Allegheny Highlands is the region that gave WV its nickname the Mountain State

15 The Allegheny Highlands History History Immigrants (ones who moves into a new country to settle) Immigrants (ones who moves into a new country to settle) Swiss and Germans settled much of the region in the 1740s and early 1800s Swiss and Germans settled much of the region in the 1740s and early 1800s Helvetia (Latin for Switzerland) settled in 1869 Helvetia (Latin for Switzerland) settled in 1869 Southern and Eastern Europeans came into the region in the late 1800s and earl 1900s (due to coal and timber industries) Southern and Eastern Europeans came into the region in the late 1800s and earl 1900s (due to coal and timber industries) Industries Industries Tourism! Tourism! Sparsely populated (largest city: Beckley) Sparsely populated (largest city: Beckley)

16 The Allegheny Highlands (Helvetia)

17 The Allegheny Highlands Natural Features Natural Features Premier Skiing Facilities – Snowshoe, Winterplace, Silver Creek Ski Area and others Premier Skiing Facilities – Snowshoe, Winterplace, Silver Creek Ski Area and others Hiking, rock climbing, spelunking, mountain bicycling Hiking, rock climbing, spelunking, mountain bicycling Peters Mountain Peters Mountain Seneca Rocks Seneca Rocks Smoke Hole Smoke Hole Seneca, and Lost World Caverns Seneca, and Lost World Caverns Dolly Sods Dolly Sods

18 The Allegheny Plateau Geography Geography Plateau (an elevated tract of more or less level land) Plateau (an elevated tract of more or less level land) Rivers cut gorges and canyons across the plateau Rivers cut gorges and canyons across the plateau New River Gorge New River Gorge New River – second oldest river in the world New River – second oldest river in the world The largest city is located in this region: Charleston (State Capital) The largest city is located in this region: Charleston (State Capital)

19 The Allegheny Plateau History History The influence of Native Americans is evident in the region The influence of Native Americans is evident in the region Kanawha (river of evil spirits) Kanawha (river of evil spirits) Logan County was named after a Mingo chief whose family was killed by a band of white men Logan County was named after a Mingo chief whose family was killed by a band of white men Mingo County named after tribe of Indians Mingo County named after tribe of Indians The Region is rich in ethnic diversity The Region is rich in ethnic diversity Italians, Belgians, Czechs, Greeks, Irish, and Spaniards. Italians, Belgians, Czechs, Greeks, Irish, and Spaniards. Mining Industry attracted many immigrants to the region Mining Industry attracted many immigrants to the region

20 The Allegheny Plateau Natural Features Natural Features Contains a variety of natural resources Contains a variety of natural resources Limestone, sandstone, shale, coal, oil, natural gas and salt Limestone, sandstone, shale, coal, oil, natural gas and salt Whitewater rafting Whitewater rafting (Gauley River and New River) (Gauley River and New River) Windsurfing, boating, scuba diving, water skiing, fishing Windsurfing, boating, scuba diving, water skiing, fishing (Summersville Lake) (Summersville Lake) New River Gorge Bridge New River Gorge Bridge (Construction completed in October of 1977) (Construction completed in October of 1977) Bridge Day (3 rd Saturday of Oct) Bridge Day (3 rd Saturday of Oct)

21 The Ohio River Valley Geography Geography Lies next to Ohio River, the river dominates this region Lies next to Ohio River, the river dominates this region Many cities located in this area- Huntington, Parkersburg, Point Pleasant, Wheeling Many cities located in this area- Huntington, Parkersburg, Point Pleasant, Wheeling Islands are found in the Ohio river with unique flora and fauna Islands are found in the Ohio river with unique flora and fauna (Ohio River Island National Wildlife Refuge) (Ohio River Island National Wildlife Refuge) Blennerhassett Island Blennerhassett Island

22 The Ohio River Valley History History Area was inhabited for thousands of years by Indians Area was inhabited for thousands of years by Indians First settled by French in mid 1700s. French called the Ohio La Belle Riviere The Beautiful River First settled by French in mid 1700s. French called the Ohio La Belle Riviere The Beautiful River 1763 French surrendered Ohio Valley to Britain after French and Indian War 1763 French surrendered Ohio Valley to Britain after French and Indian War The historic Blennerhassett Island The historic Blennerhassett Island West Virginias floating capitol West Virginias floating capitol

23 The Ohio River Valley (Blennerhasset Island) Aaron Burr Conspiracy (1805 – 1807) Aaron Burr Conspiracy (1805 – 1807) Aaron Burr - Former Vice President under Thomas Jefferson; orchestrated a plot to create a new government opposed to America in the Southwest Aaron Burr - Former Vice President under Thomas Jefferson; orchestrated a plot to create a new government opposed to America in the Southwest Harman Blennerhasset – Wealthy Irish born lawyer that owned an island on the Ohio River where Burr and his conspirators plotted; also financed Burrs conspiracy Harman Blennerhasset – Wealthy Irish born lawyer that owned an island on the Ohio River where Burr and his conspirators plotted; also financed Burrs conspiracy Edward Tiffin, governor of Ohio, brought militia to Blennerhasset Island, raided it and stopped the conspiracy Edward Tiffin, governor of Ohio, brought militia to Blennerhasset Island, raided it and stopped the conspiracy Burr and Blennerhasset were accused of treason (the crime of trying to overthrow the government of ones state or country) Burr and Blennerhasset were accused of treason (the crime of trying to overthrow the government of ones state or country)

24 The Ohio River Valley (West Virginia's Floating Capitol) When West Virginia became a state in 1863, the Capitol building was at the Linsly Institute in Wheeling. When West Virginia became a state in 1863, the Capitol building was at the Linsly Institute in Wheeling. In 1870, the State Legislature designated Charleston as the Capital city. In 1870, the State Legislature designated Charleston as the Capital city. In 1875, the Legislature voted to return the Capital to Wheeling. This was appealed by the citizens of Charleston and finally settled by the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals on September 13 in favor of Wheeling. In 1875, the Legislature voted to return the Capital to Wheeling. This was appealed by the citizens of Charleston and finally settled by the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals on September 13 in favor of Wheeling. The Legislature struck once more in 1877 and ordered an election to be held on August 7 for the citizens of West Virginia to select a permanent location for the Capital. The vote was between Charleston, Martinsburg and Clarksburg. Thirty days after the election, Henry M. Mathews proclaimed that after eight years, Charleston would be the government's permanent seat The Legislature struck once more in 1877 and ordered an election to be held on August 7 for the citizens of West Virginia to select a permanent location for the Capital. The vote was between Charleston, Martinsburg and Clarksburg. Thirty days after the election, Henry M. Mathews proclaimed that after eight years, Charleston would be the government's permanent seat VS

25 The Ohio River Valley The new Capitol opened on May 1, 1885, and served for 36 years until its destruction by fire on January 3, 1921 The new Capitol opened on May 1, 1885, and served for 36 years until its destruction by fire on January 3, 1921 Luckily, the Legislature had authorized the construction of the present Capitol on the north bank of the Kanawha River in 1921. This building was completed in 1932 at a cost of $10 million Luckily, the Legislature had authorized the construction of the present Capitol on the north bank of the Kanawha River in 1921. This building was completed in 1932 at a cost of $10 million

26 The Ohio River Valley Major manufacturing: Major manufacturing: Steel Steel Glass Glass Textiles Textiles

27 Review 7 River Basins in WV 7 River Basins in WV The climate of WV is Humid Continental The climate of WV is Humid Continental The New river has 4 tributaries The New river has 4 tributaries The Kanawha river has the greatest number of tributaries The Kanawha river has the greatest number of tributaries The county that is often referred to as the birthplace of rivers is Pocahontas The county that is often referred to as the birthplace of rivers is Pocahontas WV has one natural lake WV has one natural lake WV location can be described as relative and absolute WV location can be described as relative and absolute WV boundaries- natural and man-made WV boundaries- natural and man-made Fairfax Stone- WV and Maryland Fairfax Stone- WV and Maryland Mason-Dixon Line- WV and Pennsylvania Mason-Dixon Line- WV and Pennsylvania

28 Refernces http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Helvetia_WV- Shield_Sign.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Helvetia_WV- Shield_Sign.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Helvetia_WV- Shield_Sign.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Helvetia_WV- Shield_Sign.jpg http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Valley/6192/ http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Valley/6192/ http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Valley/6192/ http://www.freebase.com/view/wikipedia/images/common s_id/556019 http://www.freebase.com/view/wikipedia/images/common s_id/556019 http://www.freebase.com/view/wikipedia/images/common s_id/556019 http://www.freebase.com/view/wikipedia/images/common s_id/556019 http://www.newriverwv.com/ http://www.newriverwv.com/ http://www.newriverwv.com/ http://www.wvbridgeday.com/ http://www.wvbridgeday.com/ http://www.wvbridgeday.com/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charleston,_West_Virginia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charleston,_West_Virginia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charleston,_West_Virginia http://www.blennerhassettislandstatepark.com/ http://www.blennerhassettislandstatepark.com/ http://www.blennerhassettislandstatepark.com/ http://www.electricearl.com/parkersburg/island.html http://www.electricearl.com/parkersburg/island.html http://www.electricearl.com/parkersburg/island.html http://www.blenkoglass.com/ http://www.blenkoglass.com/ http://www.blenkoglass.com/ http://www.wvtourism.com/spec.aspx?pgID=80 http://www.wvtourism.com/spec.aspx?pgID=80 http://www.wvtourism.com/spec.aspx?pgID=80


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