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The Persian Wars. The Persian Empire Cyrus the Great.

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Presentation on theme: "The Persian Wars. The Persian Empire Cyrus the Great."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Persian Wars

2 The Persian Empire Cyrus the Great

3 The Persian Empire Cyrus the Great ~ The Rise of Persia (559 – 530 BCE) Led Persians in revolt against Medes (ca. 550 BCE) Conquered Babylonian Empire (539 BCE) Establishes the greatest empire in the world to date!

4 The Persian Empire

5 Cambyses ~ son of Cyrus (530 – 522 BCE) Conquers Egypt (525 BCE) A drunken lunatic? Problem is…how to rule such a huge empire? The Persian Empire

6 Darius I (also the Great)

7 The Persian Empire Darius I (the Great) ~ 522 – 486 BCE Organized empires provinces Kept provincial governors under control Maintained communication throughout empire

8 The Persian Empire Darius I (the Great) ~ 521 – 485 BCE Policy of tolerance toward peoples customs and religions Kept local rulers in power Worked hard for economic prosperity King as divine

9 The Persian Wars Main factors: Persian expansion into Western Asia Minor Athens holds land in this area, and is concerned about threats to its grain route Ionian Greeks revolt (499 BCE)

10 The First Persian War Battle of Marathon (490 BCE)

11 The Persian Empire Xerxes ~ 485 – 465 BCE Son of Darius Prepared huge fleet and army to punish the Greeks

12 The Second Persian War 480 – 479 BCE Greek League Athenian leader Themistocles recommends building up navy

13 The Second Persian War Important battles & events Crossing the Hellespont Battle of Thermopylae Athens is sacked & burned Battle of Salamis Battle of Plataea

14 The Second Persian War

15 The Persian Wars: Results Greek pride, sense of accomplishment; country secure to continue its development Expansion of Athenian power Barrier between Greece & the Near East


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