Presentation on theme: "Back Injury Prevention"— Presentation transcript:
1 Back Injury Prevention JOBWORKERMANAGEMENTINJURYThe job, worker, and management all are related in controlling the injury.
2 Back Injuries Aren’t Just Due to Aging “Overexertion in lifting a heavy object is the most frequent single “lost day” type injury for those under 20 years of age.”Source: American Society of Safety Engineers (2003)
3 Back Injury Prevention Back basicsBack risk factorsLifting solutionsProper lifting techniquesLifting techniques is last because this training alone, without making changes in the workplace, is often not effective in preventing injuries. Often employees are taught proper lifting and then sent out to work conditions that don’t allow them to use these techniques.Discuss a controlled trial listed in The New England Journal of Medicine where there was a 5 year study in the mid-late 1990’s with 4,000 postal workers. Half received proper lifting training annual with quarterly refresher classes and the other half had no lifting training. After 5 years there they found “ the training made no difference in the rate of injury, cost of injury, lost time, or recurrence of injuries”.
4 Stages of Back Disorder PainImpairmentDisabilityCompensationNotice the back belts – not a PPE
5 Is There a Concern? How many currently experience back pain? 31 million Americans experience lower back pain.Onset of Low Back Pain60% feel no sudden painSymptoms often beginafter work endsRecurrence is High1992 Liberty Mutual Customer Cost2.8 Million Dollars per Working Day!!!!!!!!$16 billion annually for total low back cost(compensable & non-compensable)in the U.S
6 Back Basics My Name Was Earl There are 33 vertebra in the spine from the hip bone to the base of the neck. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are also involved in lifting injuries. Back is a lever. Fulcrum moves to the right - Lifting 10 pounds plus 105 pounds for upper torso puts 1,150 pounds of pressure on your back.
7 Major Back Injury Bulging Disk Herniated Disk Back injuries are second most frequent cause of days away from work, next to the common cold. 20% of all workplace injuries are back injuries.Herniated – disk begins to leak its cushioning fluid.
8 Risk Factors—Occupational Body MotionsLifting/LoweringBending/ReachingTwistingPushing/PullingCarrying/HoldingPostureVibrationFallingThis employee is doing almost all of the body motion risk factors.
11 Eliminate the LiftUse mechanical lifts when possible
12 Administrative Controls Training of employeesand managementJob rotation
13 Job Rotation Rotate to non-lifting tasks To be effective, the rotation should be work that allows for recovery from lifting – Benefits – reduce fatigue, ability to fill in for co-workers, less boredom and more job satisfaction.
14 Pay Special Attention 1. Heavy lifting 2. Frequent lifting 3. Awkward liftingMost claims frequency are from awkward and frequent lifting exposures.
15 Reduce Heavy Lifting 60-70 pound wood pallet “Substitute” 20 pound plastic palletPlastic pallets are $30 more, but benefits include reduced shipping costs, reduced repairs, reduced storage needs, and reduced ijuries from splinters and nails.
20 Reduce Frequency Mechanical Assistance Note - larger box can now be used with vacuum lift – This is a paper mill that produces bundles of grocery bags. Lift costs $10K – benefits are allowing only one employee to palletize on more than one line at a time, so fewer employees needed.
21 Reduce Frequency Use Mobile Storage* Wood stove mfg. use metals racks which costs less than $300 to make to roll metal parts to powder coating to assembly areas.
22 Reduce Awkward Lifting Raise load mechanicallyScissor lift adjusted hydraulically – costs $ – brings material up to easy height to move – can also purchase will rollers for easy slide.
23 Awkward Lifting Add Handles Notice placement of top pallet which allows feet to be placed under in order to get box closer to the body for easier lift.
24 Lifting Tools Impacto Liftmate – www.ergobilities.com SoloLift DualMateSololift costs around $27 and DualMate around $45.
25 Awkward Lifting Rearrange Storage 1. Unsafe pick lb. bags of mortar mix now at waist level
26 Awkward Lifting Mechanical assistance Stacker – stacks up to 12 feet highStacker costs around $800 – hand cranked – has foot brake
27 To reduce twisting – use conveyors * Awkward LiftingTo reduce twisting – use conveyors *
28 Size Up The Load Make sure you can lift the weight. Test load by pickingup one end!
29 Proper Lifting Think defensively about your back Use common sense Follow good lifting techniquesKeep load close to bodyIf lifting must be done and no lifts or aids are available
30 Lifting Power Zone Baseball Strike Zone Power zone from shoulders to knees – just like batter strike zone
31 Lifting Techniques Lift with your legs, not your back Place your feet close to the objectCenter yourself over the load
32 Lifting Techniques Bend your knees Get a good hand hold Lift straight up smoothly
33 Don’t Twist or Turn Feet facing the lift Keep it steady No twisting/turning
34 Know Your Path! Is your path clear? Are there any holes? Are there any spilled liquids?Check your footing.We have checklist to help identify hazards off site for our contractor accounts.
35 Set it Down Safely Just as critical to back safety as lifting Bend knees slowlyLet legs do the workDon’t let go of the load until it is secure on the floor
36 Push vs. Pull If the object is on rollers, push Pushing puts less strain on your backUses largest muscle groupAlso, pay attention to the caster wheels which could promote more friction is older metal casters. New neoprene casters provide less friction for easier travel.
37 Additional Factors Straighten up! Get in shape! Stretch! Relax! Poor posture can put stress on back musclesPoor physical condition leads to weak back musclesStress and tension contribute to back painYou don’t go out and play a ball game or recreational activity without warming up, so you should not begin lifting without stretching.
38 Additional Information Click on “Safety”Safety VideosSample ProgramsSafety LinksSafety TalksPosters & Forms