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Classical and Hellenistic Greece. The Rise of Macedon (355 - 336 BCE)

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Presentation on theme: "Classical and Hellenistic Greece. The Rise of Macedon (355 - 336 BCE)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical and Hellenistic Greece

2 The Rise of Macedon ( BCE)

3 Macedon Before ca. 350 BCE A backward, semi-barbaric land People related to Greeks Not a very powerful country

4 Philip II

5 Ruled BCE Shrewd, ambitious, unscrupulous politician Got control of gold mines of Amphipolis: bribe Greek politicians build roads build up army

6 Philip II Powerful army, but also skilled diplomat tricks his way into control of some Greek city-states attacks & conquers others Demosthenes ( BCE) warns Athens, but…

7 Philip II Battle at Chaeronea is the final defeat Ruled Greeks leniently Corinthian League (338 BCE)

8 Philip II

9 Alexander the Great

10 Secures Greece Moves on Persian Empire in 334 BCE Captures Asia Minor Battles in northern Syria Takes Egypt & Mesopotamia Occupies, then destroys Persepolis

11 Alexander the Great

12 Alexanders Death 323 BCE, dies of fever at age 33 Various generals take their own piece of the empire: Antigonus I ~ Antigonid Dynasty Seleucus I ~ Seleucid Dynasty Ptolemy I ~ Ptolemies


14 Hellenistic Civilization & Culture

15 Hellenistic Civilization Things on a much larger scale Fusion / influence of many more cultures Greek influence dominates

16 Building Greek Cities in the East

17 Hellenistic Culture The Arts Medicine Philosophy Math & Science

18 Alexandria, Egypt Royal Library of Alexandria (and Musaeum)

19 Hellenistic Art Old Market Woman 2nd Century BCE Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo) ca BCE

20 $ Advances: heart as a pump with valves use pulse as diagnostic tool distinguish between veins & arteries nervous system - motion & sensation; brain - intelligence Hellenistic Medicine


22 $ Cynics Diogenes oreject social conventions & avoid luxuries okosmopolites ~ citizens of the world ofulfill natural needs in simplest, most direct way Hellenistic Philosophy

23 $ Skeptics Pyrrho pointed out weaknesses in arguments/beliefs of other schools cant observe/experience things like the ultimate purpose of the universe or life, justice, divinity, the soul, etc. so no need to believe in or worry about them nothing can be known Hellenistic Philosophy

24 $Epicurians Epicurus goal of life is human happiness avoid pain, trouble, responsibility primacy of sense perception practical atheism Hellenistic Philosophy

25 $ Stoics Zeno guiding principle of the world is divine reason happiness comes from living virtuously; virtue is a will in harmony with nature strength & self-control to avoid destructive emotions (passions) Hellenistic Philosophy

26 $ Scientists / Mathematicians: Euclid Archimedes Aristarchus Hipparchus, Ptolemy Eratosthenes Hellenistic Science

27 The bridge of asses theorem states that A=B and C=D. The sum of angles A, B, and C is equal to 180 degrees. Pythagoras' theorem: The sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs (a and b) of a right triangle equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse (c). Thales' theorem: if AC is a diameter, then the angle at B is a right angle.



30 next up… Rome

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