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Classical and Hellenistic Greece

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Presentation on theme: "Classical and Hellenistic Greece"— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical and Hellenistic Greece

2 The Rise of Macedon ( BCE)

3 Macedon Before ca. 350 BCE “A backward, semi-barbaric land”
People related to Greeks Not a very powerful country

4 Philip II

5 Philip II Ruled BCE Shrewd, ambitious, unscrupulous politician Got control of gold mines of Amphipolis: bribe Greek politicians build roads build up army

6 Philip II Powerful army, but also skilled diplomat
tricks his way into control of some Greek city-states attacks & conquers others Demosthenes ( BCE) warns Athens, but…

7 Philip II Battle at Chaeronea is the final defeat
Ruled Greeks leniently Corinthian League (338 BCE)

8 Philip II

9 Alexander the Great

10 Alexander the Great Secures Greece Moves on Persian Empire in 334 BCE
Captures Asia Minor Battles in northern Syria Takes Egypt & Mesopotamia Occupies, then destroys Persepolis

11 Alexander the Great

12 Alexander’s Death 323 BCE, dies of fever at age 33
Various generals take their own piece of the empire: Antigonus I ~ “Antigonid Dynasty” Seleucus I ~ “Seleucid Dynasty” Ptolemy I ~ “Ptolemies”


14 Hellenistic Civilization & Culture

15 Hellenistic Civilization
Things on a much larger scale Fusion / influence of many more cultures Greek influence dominates

16 Building Greek Cities in the East

17 Hellenistic Culture The Arts Medicine Philosophy Math & Science

18 Alexandria, Egypt Royal Library of Alexandria (and Musaeum)

19 Hellenistic Art “Aphrodite of Melos” (Venus de Milo) ca. 130 - 100 BCE
“Old Market Woman” 2nd Century BCE

20 Advances: Hellenistic Medicine heart as a pump with valves
use pulse as diagnostic tool distinguish between veins & arteries nervous system - motion & sensation; brain - intelligence

21 Hellenistic Medicine

22 Hellenistic Philosophy
Cynics  Diogenes reject social conventions & avoid luxuries kosmopolites ~ citizens of the world fulfill natural needs in simplest, most direct way

23 Hellenistic Philosophy
Skeptics  Pyrrho pointed out weaknesses in arguments/beliefs of other schools can’t observe/experience things like the ultimate purpose of the universe or life, justice, divinity, the soul, etc. so no need to believe in or worry about them nothing can be known

24 Hellenistic Philosophy
Epicurians  Epicurus goal of life is human happiness avoid pain, trouble, responsibility primacy of sense perception practical atheism

25 Hellenistic Philosophy
Stoics  Zeno guiding principle of the world is divine reason happiness comes from living virtuously; virtue is a will in harmony with nature strength & self-control to avoid destructive emotions (passions)

26 Scientists / Mathematicians:
Hellenistic Science Scientists / Mathematicians: Euclid  Archimedes  Aristarchus  Hipparchus, Ptolemy  Eratosthenes 

27 Pythagoras' theorem: The sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs (a and b) of a right triangle equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse (c). Thales' theorem: if AC is a diameter, then the angle at B is a right angle. The sum of angles A, B, and C is equal to 180 degrees. The bridge of asses theorem states that A=B and C=D.



30 next up… Rome

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