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Conceptual Physics by Hewitt C H A P T E R 2- Linear Motion h?v=hz65AOjabtM.

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Presentation on theme: "Conceptual Physics by Hewitt C H A P T E R 2- Linear Motion h?v=hz65AOjabtM."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Conceptual Physics by Hewitt C H A P T E R 2- Linear Motion h?v=hz65AOjabtM

3 Mechanics The study of Physics begins with mechanics.

4 Mechanics The study of Physics begins with mechanics. Mechanics is the branch of physics that focuses on the motion of objects and the forces that cause the motion to change.

5 Mechanics The study of Physics begins with mechanics. Mechanics is the branch of physics that focuses on the motion of objects and the forces that cause the motion to change. There are two parts to mechanics: Kinematics and Dynamics.

6 Mechanics The study of Physics begins with mechanics. Mechanics is the branch of physics that focuses on the motion of objects and the forces that cause the motion to change. There are two parts to mechanics: Kinematics and Dynamics. Kinematics deals with the concepts that are needed to describe motion, without any reference to forces. Chapter 2:Linear Motion-- Kinematics in one dimension Chapter 3:Projectile Motion-- Kinematics in two dimensions

7 Mechanics The study of Physics begins with mechanics. Mechanics is the branch of physics that focuses on the motion of objects and the forces that cause the motion to change. There are two parts to mechanics: Kinematics and Dynamics. Kinematics deals with the concepts that are needed to describe motion, without any reference to forces. Chapter 2: Kinematics in one dimension Chapter 3: Kinematics in two dimensions Dynamics deals with the effect that forces have on motion. Chapter 5 primarily

8 Position vs Distance vs Displacement Position is the location of an object at any given time along a chosen path with a chosen position selected as 0. At time 0, an object may be at any position along the chosen path. In a race between a child and a parent, the parent may give the child a head start, say at position 5 meters, whereas the parent starts at position 0 meters on the race path.

9 Position vs Distance vs Displacement Distance is most correctly interpreted to mean the total length travelled. If school is 3 miles from your home, the total distance you travel in a day is 6 miles (assuming you only are at school or home).

10 Position vs Distance vs Displacement Displacement is simply the final position minus the initial position which is often represented by the equation: D = x f -x i So as in the previous slide, if school is 3 miles from your home, the total displacement for you that day is 0 miles since you end up where you started.

11 Distance and Displacement

12 Starting from origin, O a person walks 90-m east, then turns around and walks 40-m west.

13 Distance and Displacement Starting from origin, O a person walks 90-m east, then turns around and walks 40-m west. Q: What is the total walked distance?

14 Distance and Displacement Starting from origin, O a person walks 90-m east, then turns around and walks 40-m west. Q: What is the total walked distance? A: 130-m

15 Distance and Displacement Starting from origin, O a person walks 90-m east, then turns around and walks 40-m west. Q: What is the total walked distance? A: 130-m Q: What is the displacement?

16 Distance and Displacement Starting from origin, O a person walks 90-m east, then turns around and walks 40-m west. Q: What is the total walked distance? A: 130-m Q: What is the displacement? A: 50-m, due east.

17 Displacement The displacement Δx is a vector that points from the initial position to the final position. SI Unit of Displacement: meter (m)

18 Final Note and Additional Resource dkin/u1l1c.cfm class/1dkin/u1l1c.cfm Distance is a scalar quantity (only magnitude). Displacement is a vector quantity (magnitude and direction).


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