Presentation on theme: "Mindsets: Developing Talent Through a Growth Mindset Winning Scotland Foundation September 19, 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Mindsets: Developing Talent Through a Growth Mindset Winning Scotland Foundation September 19, 2008
I dont divide the world into the weak and the strong, or the successes and the failures… I divide the world into the learners and nonlearners. - Benjamin Barber
Mindsets Fixed Mindset: Intelligence/talent is a fixed trait … Myth of the natural Growth Mindset: Intelligence is a malleable quality; a potential that can be developed … Talent is a starting point
Mindsets Which mindset is correct? Which mindset is most popular? Do people hold the same mindsets across different areas? Are the mindsets related to peoples ability? Can mindsets be changed?
How the Mindsets Work? The Mindset Rules
Rule #1 Fixed Mindset: LOOK SMART OR TALENTED AT ALL COSTS Growth Mindset: LEARN, LEARN, LEARN
Times of Transition
Mindsets Looking Smart vs. Learning Fixed Mindset The main thing I want when I do my school work is to show how good I am at it. Growth Mindset Its much more important for me to learn things in my classes than it is to get the best grades.
Where Does This Lead? Math Grades growth fixed
Pre-Med Chemistry Grades
University of Hong Kong
Who Chooses to Repair a Crucial Deficiency? Interest in English Course
Scott Forstall & The iPhone
Tiger Woods Youngest Masters winner Lowest score ever Took apart his game and restructured it.
Rule #2 Fixed: DONT WORK TOO HARD To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school work it makes me feel like Im not very smart. Growth: WORK HARD, EFFORT IS KEY The harder you work at something, the better youll be at it.
High effort=low ability: Worst belief anyone can have This is why many gifted athletes fail
Effort Beliefs Predict Performance in College Soccer
Measures Athletic ability is ____% natural talent and ____% effort/practice Players were assigned 2 points for each goal scored and 1 point for each assist that resulted in a goal None of the participants were goalkeepers.
Correlation Between Effort Beliefs and Points Earned Belief in Effort Predicts Higher Performance Over the Season
Rule #3 IN THE FACE OF SETBACKS… Fixed Mindset: CONCEAL MISTAKES OR DEFICIENCIES Growth Mindset: EMBRACE MISTAKES, CONFRONT DEFICIENCIES
Mistakes = Lack of Ability
After a failure… Fixed Mindset: Id spend less time on this subject from now on. I would try not to take this subject ever again. I would try to cheat on the next test. Growth Mindset: I would work harder in this class from now on. I would spend more time studying for the tests.
REPAIRING SELF-ESTEEM Comparing Ourselves to Those Below Us or Above Us? Level of Strategies Examined
Practicing Your Strength or Weakness Percentage Selecting Tutorial on the Topic They Failed Percentage
CHRIS HOY IN 2005, HIS SPECIALTY WAS ELIMINATED FROM THE OLYMPICS; HE HAD TO REINVENT HIMSELF.
Chris Hoy Why he surpassed the talented kids Maybe because they were so gifted and won so easily, they didnt really have the desire to work hard when they had to, and they also didnt like the feeling of losing when it happened. From Orr & Kemp, Be a Winner
Deflecting the Blame Sergio Garcia John McEnroe Colin Montgomerie
COLIN MONTGOMERIE Putting is not a strong feature of his game. He is noted for his lack of focus, and quite often becomes distracted by seemingly very minor incidents. When not playing well, tantrums and blaming others.
Mindset and Flow Racing Car Drivers
Mindset Is Athletic Ability Fixed? 1. You have a certain level of athletic ability, and you cannot really do much to change that. 2. Your core athletic ability cannot really be changed. 3. You can learn new things, but you can't really change your basic athletic ability.
Mindset and Flow Growth Mindset Predicts More In-the-Zone Races
Correlation Between Mindset and Flow Mindset Predicts Loss of Self-Consciousness
Where Do Mindsets Come From? Messages We Send
Praise Sends A Message Intelligence Praise: Thats a really good score. You must be smart at this. Effort/Process Praise: Thats a really good score. You must have tried really hard.
Effects of Intelligence vs. Effort Praise Mindset: Fixed vs. Growth Goals: Looking smart vs. Learning After Difficult Trial: Motivation: Low vs. High Performance: Decreased vs. Increased
Number of problems solved on Trial 1 (before failure) and Trial 3 (after failure). Number of Problems Solved
Lying Students who misrepresented their scores Type of Praise Given
College Coaches Asks… Where are the coachable athletes?
Can Mindsets Be Changed? How Intelligence (Talent) is Portrayed
Change in Math Grades Blackwell, Dweck, & Trzesniewski, 2007
Percent Identified as Increasing in Motivation
Visit to Brain Lab
The Learning Brain
Have you changed your mind about anything? Yes … I imagine neurons making connections in my brain and I feel like I am learning something. (biggie) My favorite thing from Brainology is the neurons part where when u learn something there are connections and they keep growing. I always picture them when Im in school (khadija)
On a personal level the belief in growth allows us to: Embrace learning. Welcome challenges, mistakes, and feedback Understand the role of effort in creating talent
At the team level, a growth mindset staff: Portrays skills as acquirable Values passion, effort, improvement (and teamwork), not just natural talent Presents staff as mentors vs. judges
ANDY MURRAY When youre playing against guys who are really consistent, you have to find three or four ways to win points, and not just with your serve, says Murray of his multi-dimensional arsenal. Brother, Jamie, was the natural.
Changing Mindsets in Organizations (Peter Heslin & colleagues)
Before Workshop Fixed mindset managers dont notice improvement--first impressions last Fixed mindset managers dont mentor their employees as much--people cant change Fixed mindset managers cant take criticism
Mindset Workshop for Managers Scientific article and video on how the brain grows with learning throughout life Exercises to instill a growth mindset
After After receiving a growth mindset workshop, managers showed greater: Openness to employee change Willingness to mentor and higher quality of mentoring Openness to critical feedback