Presentation on theme: "Mindsets: Developing Talent Through a Growth Mindset"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mindsets: Developing Talent Through a Growth Mindset Winning Scotland FoundationSeptember 19, 2008
2 “I don’t divide the world into the weak and the strong, or the successes and the failures… I divide the world into the learners and nonlearners.”- Benjamin Barber
3 Mindsets Fixed Mindset: Intelligence/talent is a fixed trait …Myth of the “natural”Growth Mindset: Intelligence is a malleable quality; a potential that can be developed…Talent is a starting pointFramework for praise studies
4 Mindsets Which mindset is correct? Which mindset is most popular? Do people hold the same mindsets across different areas?Are the mindsets related to people’s ability?Can mindsets be changed?Current theoristsResearchers into creative contributions; creative geniusBinet
8 Mindsets Looking Smart vs. Learning Fixed Mindset“The main thing I want when I do my school work is to show how good I am at it.”Growth Mindset“It’s much more important for me to learn things in my classes than it is to get the best grades.”
17 Tiger Woods Youngest Masters winner Lowest score ever Took apart his game and restructured it.
18 Rule #2 Fixed: DON’T WORK TOO HARD Growth: WORK HARD, EFFORT IS KEY “To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school work it makes me feel like I’m not very smart.”Growth: WORK HARD, EFFORT IS KEY“The harder you work at something, the better you’ll be at it.”
19 High effort=low ability: Worst belief anyone can have This is why many gifted athletes fail
21 Effort Beliefs Predict Performance in College Soccer
22 MeasuresAthletic ability is ____% natural talent and ____% effort/practicePlayers were assigned 2 points for each goal scored and 1 point for each assist that resulted in a goalNone of the participants were goalkeepers.
23 Correlation Between Effort Beliefs and Points Earned Belief in Effort Predicts Higher Performance Over the Season.55, .55
24 Rule #3 IN THE FACE OF SETBACKS… Fixed Mindset: CONCEAL MISTAKES OR DEFICIENCIESGrowth Mindset:EMBRACE MISTAKES, CONFRONT DEFICIENCIES
26 After a failure… Fixed Mindset: Growth Mindset: “I’d spend less time on this subject from now on.”“I would try not to take this subject ever again.”“I would try to cheat on the next test.”Growth Mindset:“I would work harder in this class from now on.”“I would spend more time studying for the tests.”
27 Level of Strategies Examined REPAIRING SELF-ESTEEM Comparing Ourselves to Those Below Us or Above Us?Level of Strategies ExaminedAlso see the impact of the desire to look/feel smart vs. learn after a blow to self-esteem.Butler: what is the true measure of the self: normative comparison vs. personal progress
28 Practicing Your Strength or Weakness Percentage Selecting Tutorial on the Topic They Failed Also see the impact of the desire to look/feel smart vs. learn after a blow to self-esteem.Butler: what is the true measure of the self: normative comparison vs. personal progress
29 CHRIS HOYIN 2005, HIS SPECIALTY WAS ELIMINATED FROM THE OLYMPICS; HE HAD TO REINVENT HIMSELF.
30 Chris Hoy Why he surpassed the “talented” kids “Maybe because they were so gifted and won so easily, they didn’t really have the desire to work hard when they had to, and they also didn’t like the feeling of losing when it happened.” From Orr & Kemp, “Be a Winner”
31 Deflecting the BlameSergio GarciaJohn McEnroeColin Montgomerie
32 COLIN MONTGOMERIE Putting is not a strong feature of his game. He is noted for his lack of focus, and quite often becomes distracted by seemingly very minor incidents.When not playing well, tantrums and blaming others.
34 Mindset Is Athletic Ability Fixed? 1. You have a certain level of athletic ability, and you cannot really do much to change that.2. Your core athletic ability cannot really be changed.3. You can learn new things, but you can't really change your basic athletic ability.
35 Mindset and Flow Growth Mindset Predicts More In-the-Zone Races .55, .55
36 Correlation Between Mindset and Flow Mindset Predicts Loss of Self-Consciousness .55, .55
37 Where Do Mindsets Come From? Messages We SendHOW TO APPRECIATE OTHERS’ SUCCESS SO AS TO CREATE A GROWTH MINDSET
38 Praise Sends A MessageIntelligence Praise: “That’s a really good score. You must be smart at this.”Effort/Process Praise: “That’s a really good score. You must have tried really hard.”
39 Effects of Intelligence vs. Effort Praise Mindset: Fixed vs. GrowthGoals: Looking smart vs. LearningAfter Difficult Trial:Motivation: Low vs. HighPerformance: Decreased vs. IncreasedLose self-esteemCan’t tolerate setbacks, effort
40 Number of problems solved on Trial 1 (before failure) and Trial 3 (after failure).
41 Lying Students who misrepresented their scores Can’t admit flawsType of Praise Given
42 College Coaches Asks…Where are the coachable athletes?
43 Can Mindsets Be Changed? How Intelligence (Talent) is Portrayed
54 Have you changed your mind about anything? Yes … I imagine neurons making connections in my brain and I feel like I am learning something. (biggie)My favorite thing from Brainology is the neurons part where when u learn something there are connections and they keep growing. I always picture them when I’m in school (khadija)
55 On a personal level the belief in growth allows us to: Embrace learning.Welcome challenges, mistakes, and feedbackUnderstand the role of effort in creating talent
56 At the team level, a growth mindset staff: Portrays skills as acquirableValues passion, effort, improvement (and teamwork), not just natural talentPresents staff as mentors vs. judges
59 ANDY MURRAY“When you’re playing against guys who are really consistent, you have to find three or four ways to win points, and not just with your serve,” says Murray of his multi-dimensional arsenal.Brother, Jamie, was the “natural.”