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ISLAM - to submit There is no god but Allah: Muhammad is the prophet of Allah Call to prayer.

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Presentation on theme: "ISLAM - to submit There is no god but Allah: Muhammad is the prophet of Allah Call to prayer."— Presentation transcript:

1 ISLAM - to submit There is no god but Allah: Muhammad is the prophet of Allah Call to prayer

2 Muhammad The Prophet n born @ 570 CE in Mecca n raised by an Uncle – Quraish clan n Hermit: spent time in solitude – prayed in mtn caves – Angel Gabriel appeared to him n RECITE n became QURAN n Ramadan was t/month that Quran was recited to Mu. n Khadija – 1st convert to Islam – Muhammads 1st wife – merchant

3 FIVE PILLARS of ISLAM n Proclamation of Faith n Prayer five times a day – facing Mecca n Alms (charity) to the poor & aged n Fasting during Ramadan – Gabriel spoke to Mu – month of Hejira – no food/water btwn sunrise & sunset n Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca ONCE in a lifetime KAABA

4 The QURAN n Muslim holy book – sits at the right hand of Allah n exact word of Allah as revealed to Mu. by Angel Gabriel – God becomes the Word n authority on religion, politics, law, economics & social life n forbidden to translate from Arabic n link btwn all Muslims

5 Muhammads Miracles n Heart cleansed with snow by two angels n ascension to heaven: – Dome o/t Rock Dome o/t Rock n 1500 Muslims drank water from one vessel from Mus hand

6 Quranic teachings n people of the book – Jews & Christians – treat w/ tolerance n be merciful & compassionate n repeat 1st Pillar three times in front of male Muslim to become a Muslim n I divorce you x3 n Paradise or Hell (Judgment Day) n SHARIA: Islamic Law n Hadith: traditional sayings o/t prophet n Inshallah (the will of God) – Belief in predestination – God controls all that happens

7 EXPANSION OF ISLAM n Arab armies united by their belief in Islam n Muslim warriors who died in combat won a place in paradise – Jihad n lure of riches (booty) n tolerant conquerors – special non-believers tax n Commerce spread

8 Islamic Sects (divisions) n Sunni Muslims – any devout male Muslim can be Caliph – high moral character – majority n Shiites (Shiah or Shia) – only descendents of Ali can be Caliph – 12th Imam will return on Judgement Day – only Imams can guide Muslims to salvation – minority (except Iran & Iraq) n Sufism: mystical Islam

9 Mosques What is a minaret? What is a muezzin?

10 Islamic Customs and Laws n Follow strict dietary laws- – HALAL - name of Allah must be mentioned while animal is slaughtered – – Cant eat pork n Cant drink alcohol n No gambling n Cant kill animals for sport n Strict punishments for crimes- In some strongly Muslim countries theres little difference between religious laws and country laws. (i.e. Shariah) n 99 names for God/Allah: http://www.islamicity.com/Mosque/99names.htm http://www.islamicity.com/Mosque/99names.htm n How to pray: http://muslim-canada.org/salaat.htmlhttp://muslim-canada.org/salaat.html

11 Women in Islam n Men & women are spiritual equals n Hijab shows Muslim identity – recognize intelligence, not sexuality – seen as feminine n Surah 4:3: If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, marry women of your choice, two or three or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly, then marry only one. n Hadith: seeking knowledge is mandatory for all Muslims

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