Presentation on theme: "Warm-up 9/2 – Turn in HW later The Ancient Egyptians were obsessed with the idea of life after death. In what ways might geography have played a roll in."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up 9/2 – Turn in HW later The Ancient Egyptians were obsessed with the idea of life after death. In what ways might geography have played a roll in shaping their strong belief in an afterlife? If you dont know the answer, just ask your mummy
AP – Chapter 1 Quiz 1.What is bi-pedalism? List 2 advantages of it. 2.How do archeologists DESCRIBE the difference between the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages? 3.What is the Neolithic Revolution and what is an important way it changed peoples lives? 4.Define the terms: prehistory, nomad, and sedentary 5. What animal was domesticated in the Americas? 6. What important achievement did the Babylonian King named Hammurabi accomplish?
Civilizations developed. Civilizations are advanced cultures that have the following things: 1) Cities 2) Formal Governments (Kings, Queens, etc.) 3) Formal religion (Priests, Temples)
4) Social classes – rulers, priests, warriors, workers, slaves, etc. 5) Writing 6) Art, sculpture, or advanced architecture
Limerick Along river valleys the first cities arose From fertile soil everything grows Civilizations emerged Artistic endeavors did surge Empires rose and fell as the wind blows
Limerick There once was a King named Hammurabi Writing laws was his favorite hobby The guilty paid with an eye But no one asked why His laws favored the rich and the snobby
How to analyze Primary Source documents SOAPPSTONE S = Subject matter O = Occasion A = Audience P = Purpose P = Point of View Tone = Tone
#3 If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
#6 If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.
#109 If conspirators meet in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these conspirators are not captured and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper shall be put to death.
117 If any one fail to meet a claim for debt, and sell himself, his wife, his son, and daughter for money or give them away to forced labor: they shall work for three years in the house of the man who bought them, or the proprietor, and in the fourth year they shall be set free.
129 If a man's wife be surprised (in flagrante delicto) with another man, both shall be tied and thrown into the water, but the husband may pardon his wife and the king his slaves.
148 If a man take a wife, and she be seized by disease, if he then desire to take a second wife he shall not put away his wife, who has been attacked by disease, but he shall keep her in the house which he has built and support her so long as she lives.
196 If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out. [ An eye for an eye ]
200 If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out. [ A tooth for a tooth ]
209 If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss. 210 If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.
What are some important differences between the laws of Hammurabi and the laws we have today?
A monarch Art
Larger cities required… There were certain projects that individuals could not do like building irrigation projects and city walls. Advanced projects required cooperation. United efforts required leadership.
Invention and innovation Are found in cities People can copy and share ideas easily The use of metals The use of animals for labor
Civilization emerges Near rivers Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, Americas Sumerian Civ. appears in Mesopotamia Cuneiform, the wheel, 12 month calendar, math system based on 60, arches and columns. Polytheism, Ziggurats
Babylonians and then… 1700BCE Hammurabi Hittites, Assyrians, Chaldeans (new Babylonians), Persia
How were ideas spread? Trade, cultural diffusion, war The huge Persian Empire brought many cultural groups inside the same Empire
Lydians, Phoenicians, and Hebrews Lydians – Coined Money Phoenicians – 22 letter alphabet Hebrews – Monotheism
Egypt Nile River Old, Middle, New King Menes, pharaohs, hieroglyphics Importance of trade Afterlife Hatshepsut
More on Egypt Social structure from top to bottom Why did Egypt and the other large Mesopotamian civilizations decline?
Homework Handout Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions reading and questions