Presentation on theme: "Warm-up 9/2 – Turn in HW later"— Presentation transcript:
1Warm-up 9/2 – Turn in HW later The Ancient Egyptians were obsessed with the idea of life after death.In what ways might geography have played a roll in shaping their strong belief in an afterlife?If you don’t know the answer, just ask your mummy
2AP – Chapter 1 Quiz 1.What is bi-pedalism? List 2 advantages of it. 2.How do archeologists “DESCRIBE” the difference between the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages?3.What is the Neolithic Revolution and what is an important way it changed people’s lives?4.Define the terms: prehistory, nomad, and sedentary5. What animal was domesticated in the Americas?6. What important achievement did the Babylonian King named Hammurabi accomplish?
3Civilizations developed. Civilizations are advanced cultures that have the following things:1) Cities2) Formal Governments (Kings, Queens, etc.)3) Formal religion (Priests, Temples)
44) Social classes – rulers, priests, warriors, workers, slaves, etc 4) Social classes – rulers, priests, warriors, workers, slaves, etc. 5) Writing 6) Art, sculpture, or advanced architecture
5Limerick Along river valleys the first cities arose From fertile soil everything growsCivilizations emergedArtistic endeavors did surgeEmpires rose and fell as the wind blows
6Limerick There once was a King named Hammurabi Writing laws was his favorite hobbyThe guilty paid with an eyeBut no one asked whyHis laws favored the rich and the snobby
7How to analyze Primary Source documents SOAPPSTONES = Subject matterO = OccasionA = AudienceP = PurposeP = Point of ViewTone = Tone
8 #3 If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
9 #6 If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.
10 #109 If conspirators meet in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these conspirators are not captured and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper shall be put to death.
11117 If any one fail to meet a claim for debt, and sell himself, his wife, his son, and daughter for money or give them away to forced labor: they shall work for three years in the house of the man who bought them, or the proprietor, and in the fourth year they shall be set free.
12129 If a man's wife be surprised (in flagrante delicto) with another man, both shall be tied and thrown into the water, but the husband may pardon his wife and the king his slaves.
13148 If a man take a wife, and she be seized by disease, if he then desire to take a second wife he shall not put away his wife, who has been attacked by disease, but he shall keep her in the house which he has built and support her so long as she lives.
14196 If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out 196 If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out. [ An eye for an eye ]
15200 If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out. [ A tooth for a tooth ]
16209 If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.
17What are some important differences between the laws of Hammurabi and the laws we have today?
20Larger cities required… There were certain projects that individuals could not do like building irrigation projects and city walls.Advanced projects required cooperation.United efforts required leadership.
21Invention and innovation Are found in citiesPeople can copy and share ideas easilyThe use of metalsThe use of animals for labor
22Civilization emerges Near rivers Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, AmericasSumerian Civ. appears in MesopotamiaCuneiform, the wheel, 12 month calendar, math system based on 60, arches and columns.Polytheism, Ziggurats
23Babylonians and then… 1700BCE Hammurabi Hittites, Assyrians, Chaldeans (new Babylonians), Persia
24How were ideas spread? Trade, cultural diffusion, war The huge Persian Empire brought many cultural groups inside the same Empire
25Lydians, Phoenicians, and Hebrews Lydians – Coined MoneyPhoenicians – 22 letter alphabetHebrews – Monotheism
26Egypt Nile River Old, Middle, New King Menes, pharaohs, hieroglyphics Importance of tradeAfterlifeHatshepsut
27More on Egypt Social structure from top to bottom Why did Egypt and the other large Mesopotamian civilizations decline?
28Handout Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions reading and questions HomeworkHandout Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions reading and questions