Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330–1613) Chapter 10 (Outline Format – Cornell Style)

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330–1613) Chapter 10 (Outline Format – Cornell Style)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330–1613) Chapter 10 (Outline Format – Cornell Style)

2 I. The Byzantine Empire Byzantine Empire to 1000

3 A. The Age of Justinian 1. Justinian ruled the Byzantine empire from 527 to 565. During his reign, Justinian: a. recovered provinces that had been previously overrun by invaders. The Byzantine empire reached its greatest size under Justinian. b. launched a program to beautify Constantinople. The church of Hagia Sophia improved on earlier Roman buildings.

4 A. The Age of Justinian c. reformed the law. Justinians Code was a model for medieval monarchs, the Roman Catholic Church, and later legal thinkers. d. used the law to unite the empire under his control. Justinian ruled as an autocrat, or sole ruler with complete authority. He also had power over the Church.

5 Question? How did Justinian extend Byzantine power?

6 B. Christianity in East and West 1. Byzantine Christianity: a. Byzantine emperor controlled Church affairs b. People rejected popes claim to authority over all Christians c. Clergy kept right to marry d. Greek was language of the Church e. Easter was main holy day f. Emperor outlawed the use of icons, or holy images

7 B. Christianity in East and West 2. Western European Christianity a. Pope controlled Church affairs b. People accepted popes claim to authority over all Christians c. Clergy prohibited from marrying d. Latin was language of the Church e. Christmas was main holy day f. Use of holy images permitted

8 B. Christianity in East and West – Differences between east and west provoked a schism, or permanent split, between the Eastern (Greek) Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Church.

9 Question? What were the key elements of Byzantine Christianity?

10 C. Decline of the Byzantine Empire 1. External factors included invasions, the Crusades, and attacks by the Ottoman Empire. 2. As a result, the Normans conquered southern Italy, Seljuk Turks advanced through Asia Minor, trade rivalries led to a conflict with Venice and knights captured Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade. 3. Constantinople was eventually captured by the Turks and transformed into Muslim Istanbul.

11 Question? Why did the Byzantine empire collapse?

12 D. The Byzantine Heritage 1. For 1,000 years, the Byzantines built on the culture of the Hellenistic world. Byzantine civilization blended Christian beliefs with Greek science, philosophy, arts, and literature. a. The Byzantines extended Roman achievements in engineering and the law. b. Byzantine artists made unique contributions that influenced western styles from the Middle Ages to the present. c. Byzantine scholars preserved the classic works of ancient Greece. They also produced their own great books, especially in the field of history.

13 Question? What was the heritage of the Byzantine empire?

14 1 Check Yourself: 1. Which of the following lands was part of the Byzantine empire in 565? a)Athens b)Constantinople c)Sicily d)Asia Minor 2. Which is true of Byzantine Christianity? a)Priests were not allowed to marry. b)Latin was the official language. c)The main holy day was Christmas. d)The emperor controlled Church affairs.

15 1 Check Yourself: 1. Which of the following lands was part of the Byzantine empire in 565? a)Athens b)Constantinople c)Sicily d)Asia Minor 2. Which is true of Byzantine Christianity? a)Priests were not allowed to marry. b)Latin was the official language. c)The main holy day was Christmas. d)The emperor controlled Church affairs.

16 Stop! Remember to reread your notes at least once this evening.

17 II. The Rise of Russia Growth of Russia, 1330–1584

18 A. The Geography of Russia 1. Russias varied climate zones helped shape early Russian life: a. A band of fertile land in the south was home to Russias first civilization. b. The steppe provided a highway for nomads migrating from Asia to Europe.

19 A. The Geography of Russia 2. A network of rivers provided transportation for both people and goods. a. Major rivers ran north to south, linking Russia to the Byzantine world in the south. 3. The city of Kiev was located at the heart of the vital trade network linking Vikings, Slavs, and Constantinople. a. Kiev would later become the center of the first Russian state.

20 Question? How did geography help shape early Russia and the growth of Kiev?

21 B. The Mongol Conquest 1. In the early 1200s, Mongol armies, led by Genghis Khan, conquered Russia. The Mongols ruled Russia for 240 years. a. Kiev and other Russian towns were destroyed. b. Many Russians were killed. c. The Mongols tolerated the Russian Orthodox Church, which grew more powerful.

22 B. The Mongol Conquest d. Russians adopted Mongol practice of subjugating women. e. Trade routes opened up between China and Eastern Europe. f. Absolute power of the Mongols served as a model for later Russian rulers. g. Russia was cut off from Western Europe at an important time.

23 Question? How did the Mongol conquest affect Russia?

24 C. Moscow Emerges as the Chief Russian Power 1. During the Mongol period, the princes of Moscow steadily increased their power. 2. Moscow benefited from its location near important river trade routes. 3. Moscow was made the capital of the Russian Orthodox Church. 4. Ivan the Great and Ivan the Terrible centralized power and recovered Russian territories.

25 Question? Why did Moscow emerge as the chief power in Russia?

26 Check Yourself: 1. How long did the Mongols rule Russia? a)10 years b)240 years c)500 years d)1 year 2. Moscow grew in power because it was located a)on the steppe. b)near important river trade routes. c)south of Kiev. d)in the mountains.

27 Check Yourself: 1. How long did the Mongols rule Russia? a)10 years b)240 years c)500 years d)1 year 2. Moscow grew in power because it was located a)on the steppe. b)near important river trade routes. c)south of Kiev. d)in the mountains.

28 Stop! Remember to reread your notes at least once this evening.

29 III. Shaping Eastern Europe Jewish Migrations in Europe

30 A. The Geography of Eastern Europe 1. Several geographic features contributed to developments in Eastern Europe: a. Much of Eastern Europe borders on the steppes of southern Russia. b. Trade and travel routes linked the Balkans with the Byzantine Empire and, later, the Muslim Ottoman empire. c. In contrast, the northern regions of Eastern Europe forged closer ties with Western Europe.

31 Question? How did geography influence developments in Eastern Europe?

32 B. A Diverse Mix of Peoples 1. Eastern Europes geography made it a cultural crossroads. 2. The ease of migration encouraged many peoples to seek homes, as well as power, in the region. 3. As a result, Eastern Europe now includes a wealth of languages and cultures.

33 Question? Why did Eastern Europe become a cultural mix of people?

34 C. Early Kingdoms 1. During the Middle Ages, Eastern Europe included many kingdoms and small states. 2. Sometimes empires absorbed national groups. 3. Alliances or royal marriages bound others together for periods of time. a. Poland reached its height of power when Queen Jadwiga married a Lithuanian duke. However, it declined when its rulers were unable to maintain a strong central government. b. Hungary was overrun, first by Mongols, and then by Ottoman Turks. c. Serbia was overrun by Ottoman Turks.

35 Question? What threats did the early kingdoms of Europe face?

36 Check Yourself: 1. Trade and travel linked the northern regions of Eastern Europe with a) the Ottoman empire. b) the Byzantine empire. c) Western Europe. d) the Balkans. 2. Why did Poland decline? a)It was overrun by Turks. b)It was overrun by Mongols. c)It merged with Lithuania. d)Its rulers were unable to maintain a strong central government.

37 Check Yourself: 1. Trade and travel linked the northern regions of Eastern Europe with a) the Ottoman empire. b) the Byzantine empire. c) Western Europe. d) the Balkans. 2. Why did Poland decline? a)It was overrun by Turks. b)It was overrun by Mongols. c)It merged with Lithuania. d)Its rulers were unable to maintain a strong central government.

38 Stop! Remember to reread your notes at least once this evening.


Download ppt "The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330–1613) Chapter 10 (Outline Format – Cornell Style)"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google