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Are we prepared for a major oil spill in the Baltic Sea? Oil Spill Risk Management Are we prepared for a major oil spill in the Baltic Sea? Bernt Stedt,

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Presentation on theme: "Are we prepared for a major oil spill in the Baltic Sea? Oil Spill Risk Management Are we prepared for a major oil spill in the Baltic Sea? Bernt Stedt,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Are we prepared for a major oil spill in the Baltic Sea? Oil Spill Risk Management Are we prepared for a major oil spill in the Baltic Sea? Bernt Stedt, HELCOM RESPONSE Chair 24 March 2011, Stockholm

2 Contents: -The Baltic Sea -Regional cooperation through HELCOM -Proven preparedness in the Baltic -BRISK/BRISK-RU risk assessment

3 Main concerns for the Baltic Sea Eutrophication Maritime activities Pollution by hazardous substances Loss of biological diversity

4 Maritime traffic 2000 ships at any given moment In 2009, vessels entered or left the Baltic Sea via Skaw 62,743 times - increase by 20% since % of those ships were tankers Also heavy ship traffic through a Kiel Canal – 30,314 ships The strongest growth in shipment of oil - from the Gulf of Finland

5 Shipping accidents In 2009: 105 shipping accidents Groundings (36%) and collissions (32%) are the most common Human factor is the main cause of accidents 5 accidents resulted in oil spills

6 HELCOM Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) - International co- operation since 1974 (new Convention signed in 1992) Main task: to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution 10 Contracting Parties (9 Baltic Sea Coastal States and the EU) Secretariat located in Helsinki, Finland

7 Proven preparedness to respond to pollution incidents in the Baltic HELCOM Response Group co-ordinates the work A number of HELCOM Recommendations covering: response to spills of oil or hazardous substances at sea, from offshore units and oil terminals requirements on emergency and response capacity airborne surveillance restricted use of dispersants development and use of drift forecasting systems HELCOM Response Manual (Vol. I Oil + Vol. II Hazardous Substances) Reporting procedures Requesting and providing assistance Command structure and communication during operation Oil sampling Co-operation on aerial surveillance

8 Existing emergency and response capacity A high number of emergency and sea-going response vessels, including 3 chartered by European Maritime Safety Agency New vessels to be built in coming years Satellite and aerial surveillance Oil drft forecasting tools (HELCOM Seatrack Web)

9 Aerial surveillance in the Baltic Co-ordinated regular surveillance activties in the whole Baltic Efficiency - development and improvement of the existing remote sensing systems Satellite surveillance in co-operation with EMSA CEPCO and Super CEPCO Flights Annual reports to HELCOM for evaluation

10 National and bilateral operational exercises involving response units International operational exercises with participation of all Baltic Sea States (BALEX DELTA) –2001 Denmark: 7 countries, 11 ships, 2 aircraft –2002 Latvia: 6 countries, 18 ships, 2 aircraft –2003 Finland: 5 countries, 16 ships –2004 Germany: 6 countries, 11 ships, 1 aircraft –2005 Sweden: 7 countries, 19 ships, 2 aircraft –2006 Poland: 7 countries + EMSA, 23 ships, 3 aircraft –2007 Estonia: 6 countries + EMSA, 17 ships, 1 helicopter –2008 Russia: 6 countries, EMSA, 17 ships, 2 helicopters –2009 Latvia: 5 countries + EMSA, 9 ships –2010 Klaipeda: 7 countries + EMSA, 8 vessels Main objective - every Contracting Party should be able to command a major response operation Regular exercises

11 Major accidental oil pollution 1990 Volgoneft t. of waste oil –5 countries; more than 20 ships – nearly all oil recovered at sea 2001 Baltic Carrier 2700 t. of oil –3 countries –around 50% of oil recovered from the water 2003 Fu Shan Hai 1200 t. of fuel oil –3 countries – around 1100 tonnes of oil recovered at sea

12 HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan Adopted on 15 November 2007 in Krakow, Poland Regional programme of measures aimed at obtaining a healthy Baltic Sea, including in the response field e.g.: Mutual Plan for Places of Refuge – approach beyond national borders -Strengthened regional cooperation on shoreline and oiled wildlife response

13 BSAP - Strenthening of sub-regional co-operation in response field Contracting Parties agreed are to: 1.assess the risk of oil and chemical pollution and emergency and response resources on sub-regional basis in order to ensure sufficient resources to effectively respond to medium size pollution or to control a large scale pollution of the sea Launch of the BRISK and BRISK–RU projects -BRISK under the EUs Baltic Sea Region Programme (EUR 2.5 mil. allocated from the European Regional Development Fund) -BRISK-RU financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers -Implementation under umbrella of HELCOM Response Group Part-financed by EU (European Regional Development Fund)

14 BRISK/BRISK-RU activities First overall risk assessment of pollution caused by shipping accidents covering the whole Baltic Sea area based on a common methodology –Recognizes the areas with highest risk for oil spills and environmental damage Identification of missing response resources needed to effectively tackle major spills of oil and hazardous substances Preparation of pre-investment plans on how the countries can jointly improve preparedness –A joint pool of vessels and equipment for each sub-region –Countries can share the investment burden in a cost- effective way Development of agreements between neighboring countries for joint response operations

15 Conclusions Cooperation on response to pollution from ships in the Baltic Sea well established Past shipping accidents in the Baltic Sea proved that the regional procedures in place are functioning The BRISK/BRISK-RU risk assessment will provide the basis for the decision on the needed investments in response resources The final results of the risk assessment will be presented on 18/20 May in Gdansk, Poland (European Maritime Day)

16 Thank you! For more information please contact: Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) Katajanokanlaituri 6 B FI Helsinki Finland

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