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Chapter 18 The Progressive Movement. Section 1 The Roots of Progressivism.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 The Progressive Movement. Section 1 The Roots of Progressivism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 18 The Progressive Movement

2 Section 1 The Roots of Progressivism

3 1. Historians refer to the years between 1890 and 1920 as the….. Pg 546 Progressive Era Progressive Era

4 2. Progressives believed that _________ principles could produce solutions for society. Pg 547 Scientific Scientific

5 Populists, Socialists, Progressives

6 Muckrakers

7 3. Efficiency Progressives believed that cities should be run by ….. Pg 548 City managers or commissioners City managers or commissioners

8 4. Why was Wisconsin known as the “laboratory of democracy”? 549 Because of its reforms which broke the power of party bosses Because of its reforms which broke the power of party bosses

9 5. According to the Constitution who would be responsible for electing U.S. Senators? 549 The legislatures of each state The legislatures of each state

10 6. What did Alice Paul want to use to force President Wilson to take action on suffrage? 550 protest

11 Women’s Suffrage

12 7. What amendment gave women the right to vote? 551 19 th 19 th

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14 8. What happened as a result of the Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire? New York passed strict building codes dealing with fire hazards for example building codes now required fire escapes.

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18 9. ________laws were a method of dividing a town or city into sections to regulate how the land and buildings could be used. zoning

19 Temperance Movement

20 *Carrie A. Nation 1846 1846 Moore Moore Dr. Gloyd – drunk Dr. Gloyd – drunk Daughter Daughter Mr. David A. Nation Mr. David A. Nation Temperance crusade Temperance crusade 6’ – 175 lbs. 6’ – 175 lbs. 30 “Hatchetations” arrests 30 “Hatchetations” arrests "a bulldog running along at the feet of Jesus, barking at what He doesn't like“ "a bulldog running along at the feet of Jesus, barking at what He doesn't like“bulldogJesusbulldogJesus McKinley got what he deserved McKinley got what he deserved "Faithful to the Cause of Prohibition, She Hath Done What She Could.“ "Faithful to the Cause of Prohibition, She Hath Done What She Could.“ 1911 1911

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22 Theodore Roosevelt

23 1. In regards to international affairs, Roosevelt was considered a …? 555 Social Darwinist

24 2. How did President Roosevelt feel about trusts? 556 He felt that trusts were efficient and helped create American prosperity.

25 3. What did the Supreme Court rule in Northern Securities v. the United States? 556 Northern Securities had violated the Sherman Anti Trust Act

26 4. Theodore Roosevelt saw the 1902 coal strike as an example of…? 557 Groups pursuing their private interests at the expense of the nation

27 5. What two acts were passed as a result of Upton Sinclair’s book, The Jungle? Meat Inspection Meat Inspection Pure Food and Drug Pure Food and Drug

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29 Roosevelt leaves the White House

30 Section 3 The Taft Administration

31 *William Howard Taft 1857 Ohio Yale 6’ – 300 lbs “Big Lub” “Old Bill” “Smiling Bill” Lawyer/judge Sec. of War Governor of Philippines Lonely in the White House Returned to the bench Lost 80 lbs 1930

32 William Howard Taft

33 1. Why didn’t Taft like high tariffs? 564 He believed that they limited competition, hurt consumers, and protected trusts.

34 2. Why did Roosevelt warn Taft to stay away from tariff reform? 564 Because it would split the Republican party

35 3. How did Progressives feel about the passage of the Payne – Aldrich Tariff? 564 They felt betrayed and outraged by Taft because he supported it.

36 4. What event destroyed Taft’s popularity with reformers? 564 Ballinger – Pinchot Controversy

37 5. Who did Taft announce a lawsuit against in October 1911? 565 U.S. Steel

38 Section 4 The Wilson Years

39 1. Why did Roosevelt try to win the Republican nomination from Taft? 567 Believed that Taft had failed to live up to Progressive ideals

40 2. What was the nickname given to Roosevelt’s Progressive Party? Bull Moose

41 3. Who won the 1912 election? Woodrow Wilson

42 Woodrow Wilson Becomes President

43 *Woodrow Wilson 1856 Virginia Late reader Dyslexia Law Stroke at 39 Reform governor New Jersey WWI Hated hyphenated Americans 1921

44 4. What was an important section of the Underwood Tariff Act? 568 Levying an income tax

45 5. Wilson believed lower tariff rates would lead American companies to..? 568 Improve their products and lower their prices

46 6. The Keating – Owen Child Labor Act prohibited the employment of children under the age of …? 569 14

47 7. Why did NAACP leaders have to meet in Canada? No hotels on the American side would accept them


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