Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 The Progressive Movement. Section 1 The Roots of Progressivism."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 18 The Progressive Movement
Section 1 The Roots of Progressivism
1. Historians refer to the years between 1890 and 1920 as the….. Pg 546 Progressive Era Progressive Era
2. Progressives believed that _________ principles could produce solutions for society. Pg 547 Scientific Scientific
Populists, Socialists, Progressives
3. Efficiency Progressives believed that cities should be run by ….. Pg 548 City managers or commissioners City managers or commissioners
4. Why was Wisconsin known as the “laboratory of democracy”? 549 Because of its reforms which broke the power of party bosses Because of its reforms which broke the power of party bosses
5. According to the Constitution who would be responsible for electing U.S. Senators? 549 The legislatures of each state The legislatures of each state
6. What did Alice Paul want to use to force President Wilson to take action on suffrage? 550 protest
7. What amendment gave women the right to vote? th 19 th
8. What happened as a result of the Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire? New York passed strict building codes dealing with fire hazards for example building codes now required fire escapes.
9. ________laws were a method of dividing a town or city into sections to regulate how the land and buildings could be used. zoning
*Carrie A. Nation Moore Moore Dr. Gloyd – drunk Dr. Gloyd – drunk Daughter Daughter Mr. David A. Nation Mr. David A. Nation Temperance crusade Temperance crusade 6’ – 175 lbs. 6’ – 175 lbs. 30 “Hatchetations” arrests 30 “Hatchetations” arrests "a bulldog running along at the feet of Jesus, barking at what He doesn't like“ "a bulldog running along at the feet of Jesus, barking at what He doesn't like“bulldogJesusbulldogJesus McKinley got what he deserved McKinley got what he deserved "Faithful to the Cause of Prohibition, She Hath Done What She Could.“ "Faithful to the Cause of Prohibition, She Hath Done What She Could.“
1. In regards to international affairs, Roosevelt was considered a …? 555 Social Darwinist
2. How did President Roosevelt feel about trusts? 556 He felt that trusts were efficient and helped create American prosperity.
3. What did the Supreme Court rule in Northern Securities v. the United States? 556 Northern Securities had violated the Sherman Anti Trust Act
4. Theodore Roosevelt saw the 1902 coal strike as an example of…? 557 Groups pursuing their private interests at the expense of the nation
5. What two acts were passed as a result of Upton Sinclair’s book, The Jungle? Meat Inspection Meat Inspection Pure Food and Drug Pure Food and Drug
Roosevelt leaves the White House
Section 3 The Taft Administration
*William Howard Taft 1857 Ohio Yale 6’ – 300 lbs “Big Lub” “Old Bill” “Smiling Bill” Lawyer/judge Sec. of War Governor of Philippines Lonely in the White House Returned to the bench Lost 80 lbs 1930
William Howard Taft
1. Why didn’t Taft like high tariffs? 564 He believed that they limited competition, hurt consumers, and protected trusts.
2. Why did Roosevelt warn Taft to stay away from tariff reform? 564 Because it would split the Republican party
3. How did Progressives feel about the passage of the Payne – Aldrich Tariff? 564 They felt betrayed and outraged by Taft because he supported it.
4. What event destroyed Taft’s popularity with reformers? 564 Ballinger – Pinchot Controversy
5. Who did Taft announce a lawsuit against in October 1911? 565 U.S. Steel
Section 4 The Wilson Years
1. Why did Roosevelt try to win the Republican nomination from Taft? 567 Believed that Taft had failed to live up to Progressive ideals
2. What was the nickname given to Roosevelt’s Progressive Party? Bull Moose
3. Who won the 1912 election? Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson Becomes President
*Woodrow Wilson 1856 Virginia Late reader Dyslexia Law Stroke at 39 Reform governor New Jersey WWI Hated hyphenated Americans 1921
4. What was an important section of the Underwood Tariff Act? 568 Levying an income tax
5. Wilson believed lower tariff rates would lead American companies to..? 568 Improve their products and lower their prices
6. The Keating – Owen Child Labor Act prohibited the employment of children under the age of …?
7. Why did NAACP leaders have to meet in Canada? No hotels on the American side would accept them