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1 Chapter 6 Price Ceilings & Price Floors 8/16/2014 © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing Principles of Economics 2nd edition by Fred M Gottheil PowerPoint.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter 6 Price Ceilings & Price Floors 8/16/2014 © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing Principles of Economics 2nd edition by Fred M Gottheil PowerPoint."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 Chapter 6 Price Ceilings & Price Floors 8/16/2014 © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing Principles of Economics 2nd edition by Fred M Gottheil PowerPoint Slides prepared by Ken Long

3 2 Note, we only cover pages 126 to 133 in this chapter, just the material on price ceilings and floors

4 3 What is a Price Ceiling? A maximum price set by government below the market generated equilibrium price © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

5 4 D S P Shortage A Price Ceiling 4 QDQD QSQS

6 5 Why a Price Ceiling? When a price has been rising rapidly, often due to limited supply © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

7 6 What are the economic affects of a price ceiling? The ceiling creates a shortage

8 7 With a Price Ceiling what determines who gets the product? Queuing or some other form of rationing, such as coupons © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

9 8 What are some examples of Price Ceilings? World War II Rent control in some cities Gas in the late 1970’s © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

10 9 What is a Price Floor? A minimum price set by government above the market equilibrium price © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

11 10 D S P Surplus A Price Floor 10 QDQD QSQS

12 11 What could justify a Price Floor? To help suppliers of a specific good to get a higher price than otherwise would be the case © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

13 12 What could cause a Low Market Price? An improvement in technology pushing the supply curve rightward, reducing price © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

14 13 S1 S2 P1 Right Shift in Supply P2 Q2 Q1 D 1313 © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

15 14 What are the economic effects of a price floor? The floor creates a surplus

16 15 What is one problem with Price Floors? What to do with the surplus © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

17 16 Examples of Price Floors? American agriculture The minimum wage law © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

18 17 Agriculture web sites © ©1999 South-Western College Publishing

19 18 What is a Price Ceiling? What is a Price Floor?


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