Presentation on theme: "The Use and Misuse of Cosmetic Surgery"— Presentation transcript:
1The Use and Misuse of Cosmetic Surgery By Belinda and Kelsie
2Have you ever thought about getting cosmetic surgery of any kind? Let’s see if this changes your mind...
3What is cosmetic surgery? Corrective, restoration, enhancementCosmetic surgery vs. Reconstructive surgeryAesthetic gain vs. functional ability“surgery” can include lasers and veneers, not necessarily surgical procedures
4Types of surgery Lifts- face, neck, thigh, arm, eye Rhinoplasty ( nose job)Breast augmentation, reduction, reconstructionLiposuctionSkin graftsBotoxLaser- tattoo removal, hair removal, skin rejuvenationOtoplasty/microtia – ear reconstructionPermanent makeup
5Cosmetic misuses Impossible ideal of beauty Conform to society’s view of “normal”Reduce ethnic differences – nose, eyes, facial contouringBody dysmorphic disorderSurgical addiction
6Ethnic plastic surgery “Imperialism of a culture to the detriment of another” Ethnic Asian face contouringEthnic rhinoplastyDouble eye lid surgery
7Celebrity Cosmetic Abuse Michael JacksonPete BurnsDonatella VersaceLizardmanJocelyn WildensteinMichaela Romanini
8Reconstructive uses Sophie Delizio – positive, functional outcomes Improve disfigurements – cleft palateBreast cancer – breast reconstruction- femininityBlepharoplasty (drooping eye lids) – eye sightTrauma and emergency corrective surgery
9Reconstructive uses Sophie Delezio (burn victim) Blepharoplasty Cleft palateBreast reconstruction after a mastectomy
10Borderline usage Seeking youthful appearance Increase job prospects Reflects society’s value system
11Ethical guidelines for a surgeon Academic qualificationsTraining and experienceAustralian Society of Plastic SurgeonsPatient consent versus ethical responsibility“”do no harm” vs patient request- number of surgeries- age of patient- risk factors- mental and emotional state of patientFull disclosure of procedure information
12Ethical considerations as a patient Recovery timeFinancial burdensImmediate health risks – infection- nerve damage- bleeding, bruisingLong term health implicationsBotched surgery/disfiguration – reconstructive surgeryUnrealistic expectations – depression- addiction-psychological traumaWhen to STOPImplant deformity
13How young is too young? Elective surgery No age limitations Parental agreement/consentLimited ability to evaluate risksFurther physical and emotionalgrowth and developmentInability to make mature,informed decision
14Motivations behind surgery Social and media pressures – idealisation- commercial consumerism- conformity- peer pressure- racial differencesSelf esteem and self imageConsumer demands/consumer drivenAffordabilityMedical reasons – accident- injuryWork/ career opportunities
15Easy access = trivial decision Online purchasing – Do it yourself‘Botox’ partiesFinancing availability‘back alley’ surgery – unqualified- any medical degreeOverseas surgery – cheaper- recovery time
16Is anyone still considering getting cosmetic surgery of any kind done?
17References:Australian Society for Plastic Surgeons. (2011). Retrieved 2011, from Australian Society for Plastic Surgeons:De Sousa. (2007). Concerns about cosmetic Surgery. Retrieved 2011, from Indian Journal of Medical Ethics:Dittmann. (2005). Plastic Surgery: Beauty or beast? Retrieved 2011, from American Psychological Association:Izenberg, & Dowshen. (2009). Plastic Surgery. Retrieved 2011, from Kids Health.org:Mantese, Pfeiffer, & McClinton. (2011). Cosmetic Surgery and Informed Consent: Legal and Ethical Considerations. Retrieved 2011, fromRay. (2011). Plastic Surgery - A Misused Technology Indicatin a deep social malfunction. Retrieved 2011, fromZuckerman, & Abraham. (2008). Teenagers and Cosmetic Surgery: Focus on Breast Augmentation and Liposuction. Journal of Adolescent Health.