Presentation on theme: "The Use and Misuse of Cosmetic Surgery"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Use and Misuse of Cosmetic Surgery By Belinda and Kelsie
2 Have you ever thought about getting cosmetic surgery of any kind? Let’s see if this changes your mind...
3 What is cosmetic surgery? Corrective, restoration, enhancementCosmetic surgery vs. Reconstructive surgeryAesthetic gain vs. functional ability“surgery” can include lasers and veneers, not necessarily surgical procedures
4 Types of surgery Lifts- face, neck, thigh, arm, eye Rhinoplasty ( nose job)Breast augmentation, reduction, reconstructionLiposuctionSkin graftsBotoxLaser- tattoo removal, hair removal, skin rejuvenationOtoplasty/microtia – ear reconstructionPermanent makeup
5 Cosmetic misuses Impossible ideal of beauty Conform to society’s view of “normal”Reduce ethnic differences – nose, eyes, facial contouringBody dysmorphic disorderSurgical addiction
6 Ethnic plastic surgery “Imperialism of a culture to the detriment of another” Ethnic Asian face contouringEthnic rhinoplastyDouble eye lid surgery
7 Celebrity Cosmetic Abuse Michael JacksonPete BurnsDonatella VersaceLizardmanJocelyn WildensteinMichaela Romanini
8 Reconstructive uses Sophie Delizio – positive, functional outcomes Improve disfigurements – cleft palateBreast cancer – breast reconstruction- femininityBlepharoplasty (drooping eye lids) – eye sightTrauma and emergency corrective surgery
9 Reconstructive uses Sophie Delezio (burn victim) Blepharoplasty Cleft palateBreast reconstruction after a mastectomy
10 Borderline usage Seeking youthful appearance Increase job prospects Reflects society’s value system
11 Ethical guidelines for a surgeon Academic qualificationsTraining and experienceAustralian Society of Plastic SurgeonsPatient consent versus ethical responsibility“”do no harm” vs patient request- number of surgeries- age of patient- risk factors- mental and emotional state of patientFull disclosure of procedure information
12 Ethical considerations as a patient Recovery timeFinancial burdensImmediate health risks – infection- nerve damage- bleeding, bruisingLong term health implicationsBotched surgery/disfiguration – reconstructive surgeryUnrealistic expectations – depression- addiction-psychological traumaWhen to STOPImplant deformity
13 How young is too young? Elective surgery No age limitations Parental agreement/consentLimited ability to evaluate risksFurther physical and emotionalgrowth and developmentInability to make mature,informed decision
14 Motivations behind surgery Social and media pressures – idealisation- commercial consumerism- conformity- peer pressure- racial differencesSelf esteem and self imageConsumer demands/consumer drivenAffordabilityMedical reasons – accident- injuryWork/ career opportunities
15 Easy access = trivial decision Online purchasing – Do it yourself‘Botox’ partiesFinancing availability‘back alley’ surgery – unqualified- any medical degreeOverseas surgery – cheaper- recovery time
16 Is anyone still considering getting cosmetic surgery of any kind done?
17 References:Australian Society for Plastic Surgeons. (2011). Retrieved 2011, from Australian Society for Plastic Surgeons:De Sousa. (2007). Concerns about cosmetic Surgery. Retrieved 2011, from Indian Journal of Medical Ethics:Dittmann. (2005). Plastic Surgery: Beauty or beast? Retrieved 2011, from American Psychological Association:Izenberg, & Dowshen. (2009). Plastic Surgery. Retrieved 2011, from Kids Health.org:Mantese, Pfeiffer, & McClinton. (2011). Cosmetic Surgery and Informed Consent: Legal and Ethical Considerations. Retrieved 2011, fromRay. (2011). Plastic Surgery - A Misused Technology Indicatin a deep social malfunction. Retrieved 2011, fromZuckerman, & Abraham. (2008). Teenagers and Cosmetic Surgery: Focus on Breast Augmentation and Liposuction. Journal of Adolescent Health.