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Whereas: PFC Martinez exhibited extraordinary heroism while serving as grenadier with 1 st platoon, C Company, 26 th infantry, 1 st Infantry Division,

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Presentation on theme: "Whereas: PFC Martinez exhibited extraordinary heroism while serving as grenadier with 1 st platoon, C Company, 26 th infantry, 1 st Infantry Division,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Whereas: PFC Martinez exhibited extraordinary heroism while serving as grenadier with 1 st platoon, C Company, 26 th infantry, 1 st Infantry Division, in action against Viet Cong forces during Operation Bismarck, north of Saigon. On 3 December, 1966, Company C was called in to support the 3d platoon which had been pinned down by a Viet Cong force and; Whereas: Rushing in to aid the 3d platoon Company C unknowingly entered an occupied Viet Cong base camp in dense jungle and walked into an ambush. At approximately 20 yards a Viet Cong machine gunner opened fire on the 1 st platoon pinning them down, and; Whereas: The point man, Private First Class Leland Morgan was killed immediately. PFC Martinez was behind him and was hit in the right armpit. The entire platoon took cover while PFC Martinez, though badly injured, returned fire with his M79 grenade launcher, which was ineffective at that close range, and; Whereas: Although pinned down with painful injuries, PFC Martinez opened fire with his 45 caliber pistol thereby drawing the enemy machine gun fire upon himself and diverting attention away from his platoon, and; Whereas: While single handedly continuing to engage the machine gun nest with his pistol, the enemy detonated a claymore mine. The concussion lifted PFC Martinez up off the ground, flipping him over and inflicting shrapnel wounds to both shoulders. More seriously, it inflicted serious shrapnel wounds to his head and face, causing permanent loss of sight to his left eye, permanent loss of hearing to his left ear, leaving him with lifelong neurological complications, and; Whereas: Undaunted, but now gravely wounded, Martinez continued returning fire. This brave and selfless act drew attention away from his platoon which was then able to maneuver through the dense jungle to the Viet Cong machine gunner’s position. SP4 Robert M. McKee successfully took out the enemy machine gun nest and was immediately recommended for the Silver Star. While the battle continued and while Martinez was receiving medical attention he received additional shrapnel wounds to his left foot from a grenade, and; Whereas: PFC Martinez, even though gravely wounded, and under intense enemy fire, unhesitatingly and with complete disregard for his own personal safety continued to single handedly engage the enemy machine gun at close quarters. His unparalleled actions saved the lives of many members of his platoon who otherwise would have fallen to the enemy machine gun. PFC Martinez’ gallantry and extraordinary valor above and beyond the call of duty enabled his platoon to complete their mission with only 1 KIA and 11 wounded, and; Whereas: Operation Bismark was successfully completed PFC Martinez was thought to have been killed, and in the intensity of the period was overlooked for recognition. He was airlifted to Japan where he recovered from most of his wounds and served out his full enlistment, and; Whereas: PFC Martinez did not receive any recognition until making contact 30 years later with former platoon members who were astounded that he was alive. He was awarded the Silver Star on 26 July, 1997: “for solely drawing fire upon himself away from his platoon”. Since then, other platoon members have been located and have stepped forward with supporting details so that now the events of that day are fully documented. This compelling story makes it clear that PFC Martinez is truly an American hero who is fully deserving of the Medal of Honor. NOW THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED THAT THE AMERICAN GI FORUM PETITION THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO UPGRADE THE SILVER STAR MEDAL TO THE CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR FOR PRIVATE FIRST CLASS MANUEL F. MARTINEZ American GI Forum of California Resolution Sgt. Manuel F. Martinez United States Army

2 Whereas : The President of the United States presented the NAVY CROSS posthumously to SERGEANT RAFAEL PERALTA UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS for service as set forth in the following and; Whereas : For extraordinary heroism while serving as Platoon Guide with 1st Platoon, Company A, 1st Battalion, 3d Marines, Regimental Combat Team 7, 1st Marine Division, in action against Anti- Coalition Forces in support of Operation AL FAJR, in Fallujah, Iraq on 15 November Clearing scores of houses in the previous three days, Sergeant Peralta' asked to join an under strength squad and volunteered to stand post the night of 14 November, allowing fellow Marines more time to rest. and; Whereas: The following morning, during search and attack operations, while clearing the seventh house of the day, the point man opened a door to a back room and immediately came under intense, close-range automatic weapons fire from multiple insurgents. The squad returned fire, wounding one insurgent. While attempting to maneuver out of the line of fire, Sergeant Peralta was shot and fell mortally wounded. and; Whereas: After the initial exchange of gunfire, the insurgents broke contact, throwing a fragmentation grenade as they fled the building. The grenade came to rest near Sergeant Peralta's head. Without hesitation and with complete disregard for his own personal safety, Sergeant Peralta reached out and pulled the grenade to his body, absorbing the brunt of the blast and shielding fellow Marines only feet away. Sergeant Peralta succumbed to his wounds. By his undaunted courage, intrepid fighting spirit, and unwavering devotion to duty, Sergeant Peralta reflected great credit upon himself and upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the United States Naval Service. NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, THAT THE AMERICAN GI FORUM PETITION THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO UPGRADE THE NAVY CROSS MEDAL TO THE CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR FOR SERGEANT RAFAEL PERALTA UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS, KILLED IN COMBAT DURING SECOND BATTLE OF FALLUJAH, IRAQ November 15, American GI Forum of California Resolution Sgt. Rafael Peralta USMC


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