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Swiss AIJ Cogeneration Projects zFramework of Swiss AIJ Program ypractical experience ycooperation with host countries ydevelopment of guidelines, baseline.

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Presentation on theme: "Swiss AIJ Cogeneration Projects zFramework of Swiss AIJ Program ypractical experience ycooperation with host countries ydevelopment of guidelines, baseline."— Presentation transcript:

1 Swiss AIJ Cogeneration Projects zFramework of Swiss AIJ Program ypractical experience ycooperation with host countries ydevelopment of guidelines, baseline setting,.... zProjects under AIJ phase yin realization: Romania, Slovakia yunder consideration: Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Costa Rica zPilot projects as starting point for private actors yMultiplication, replication

2 The Swiss - Romanian AIJ Project (STEP) zSwiss - Romanian financial assistance z230 Romanian cities zLack of maintenance and rehabilitation zEBRD project for 5 cities zRequest for cofinancing by Switzerland zLarge replication potential (not only in Romania)

3 Technical Solution (STEP) zNew boiler houses ylow NOx burner boiler systems ycogeneration units, gas engines yautomatisation zTwo pipe and preinsulated heat distribution system (financed locally) zSubstation in each building (heat and sanitary water) zPipework in the building (system security) zOption: demand side measures, energy related building rehabilitation

4 GHG Abatement by STEP

5 Emissions without the STEP Project zWill increase due to further deterioration of the system zWill increase due to increasing water losses zWill increase due to increasing standard of living (higher room temperatures 15°C 20°C)

6 What would happen if STEP would not be implemented? zBaseline scenarios assessed: yno investment for the next 4 years and temperature level in the apartments of 15°C maintained ylater minimal investment to keep the system operative, 15°C ylater minimal investment with a corresponding increase to 20°C yalternative (different) investment using an EBRD credit after year 8

7 Yearly CO 2 Emissions of STEP and Baseline 0 5'000 10'000 15'000 20'000 25'000 30' Year of Operation Yearly CO 2 Emissions (t/a) (2000) (2014) Baseline emissions Emissions of JI Project

8 GHG Offsets by STEP Components 0 5'000 10'000 15'000 20'000 25'000 30' Year of Operation Yearly CO 2 Emissions (t/a) (2000) (2014) Energy efficiency Cogeneration

9 Impact of baseline electricity on STEP CO 2 offsets -50' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Baseline electricity emission factor (t CO2/GWh) CO2 offset over 15 years (t) Proposed EF: 950 Range of EF in local coal-fueled plants Average EF Country: 1'020 Average EF UCPTE: 493

10 Key Values of STEP Project zResults in y140’000 tons of CO2 emission reduction over project lifetime y3.9 Mio $ Swiss investment y2.6 Mio $ local investment y8$/per ton CO2 abatement cost, discounted at 8% y3.9 Mio $ net benefit for the Romanian partner

11 Memorandum of Understanding zreference to the CoP and the UNFCCC zRomanian and Swiss focal points zJI between Annex I zone or more projects defined in a project agreement zfulfilling the criteria of UNFCCC zmonitoring plan is mentioned and third party verification ex - post zreporting jointly to UNFCCC zERU transfer when allowed under UNFCCC

12 Project Implementation Agreement zJoint Implementation aspects ybaseline definition ymonitoring and verification / notification and reporting ycredit sharing zparticipants responsibilities zguarantee of local financing zcontracting Swiss and local deliverer and constructing firm

13 State of the STEP Project zMoU and all agreements signed zDelivery contracts to be signed zBuilding and montage work first half of 2000 zOperation autumn / winter 2000 zPrivate Swiss investors start to consider replication

14 The Swiss - Slovak AIJ Project zEnergy efficiency project in private wood processing plant Bucina Zvolen yproducing chip boards and semi products yenergy intensive drying process zFeasibility study completed zDelivery conditions agreed zJI Agreement Slovakia - Switzerland under negotiation zImplementation scheduled summer 2000

15 Old / New Process Chips productionChips drying Gas-burner Particleboard production Gas-turbineElectricity production Chips dryingChips production Particleboard production

16 JI Characteristics of the Bucina Project

17 GHG Emissions of Project and Baseline Year of operation Yearly CO2 Emission (t) Baseline onlyTurbines Turbines & Control System

18 Baseline Consideration zAn EBRD loan to Bucina has already been spent zuntil the loan is paid back, no additional loans are allowed z Bucina would not be able to invest in the next 8 years

19 Conclusions zDecentralized Cogeneration offers a chance to increase energy efficiency zFinancially viable if electricity prices are fair (undistorted markets) zEmission Reduction Units are an additional market product of cogeneration units zJI/CDM is an additional source to finance cogeneration zTechnology is available let’s multiply the pilot-projects


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