Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Washington State Energy Past / Present / Future Tim Stearns Senior Energy Policy Specialist Washington State Department of Commerce

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Washington State Energy Past / Present / Future Tim Stearns Senior Energy Policy Specialist Washington State Department of Commerce"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Washington State Energy Past / Present / Future Tim Stearns Senior Energy Policy Specialist Washington State Department of Commerce

2 2 people costsecuresustainablepollutionportabilityreliability

3 3 Energy Environment Economy

4 4 “… Americans generally won't acknowledge conflicts and make choices. The cry is for low prices, ample supplies, absolute reliability, clean air, no disfiguring construction projects, local autonomy and national accountability. Great. Unfortunately, there are tensions among all these goals.” Paul Samuelson, Washington Post, August 20, 2003

5 5

6 6

7 7

8 8 Washington State’s Energy Profile

9 9

10 Washington’s emerging challenges State grows 130,000 people per year 1.3 million per decade – double < 50 yr 273 to house, feed, employ, transport, educate… 300 new megawatts per year Can we double system in 50 years? No new dams sites – 15,000 miles lines New subdivision – apartment Car culture – walkable communities? 10

11 11

12 Expenditures on Fossil Fuels Washington State: Excludes fuel taxes, refinery and pipeline costs and profits Sources: EIA, BEA and Sightline 12

13 Today 11 million people Largest hydrosystem Fossil fuel transportation imported Car based Plenty of inefficiency Centralized generation Future 20 + million Integrated system Clean fuel Locally produced Transit and vehicles Zero energy buildings distributed 13

14 14

15 Energy is a Big Part of “Green” Jobs 15

16 16 people heatlightcookingmanufacturingtransportationinformation

17 The Science of Climate Change is Very Strong “Most of the observed increase in global average temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic GHG concentrations.” Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007 Synthesis Report 17

18 18 WA Greenhouse Gas Emissions (2005) Total = 94.8 million metric tons CO2-equivalent

19 19 State Targets - Reduce Emissions Grow Our Economy By 2020 reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels By 2035 reduce emissions to 25% below 1990 levels By 2050 reduce emissions to 50% below 1990 levels By 2020 increase the number of clean energy sector jobs to 25,000 from the 8,400 jobs in 2004 By 2020 reduce expenditures by 20% on fuel imported into the state

20 Efficiency 20

21 “Six Americas”—six groups or “publics” beliefs, attitudes, risk perceptions, motivations, values, policy preferences, behaviors and barriers to action 1. Alarmed—16 percent of Americans—are eager to get on with solutions 2. Concerned—29 percent—know climate change is happening, human caused and serious, but they don’t necessarily see the urgency. 3. Cautious—25 percent— happening natural or human-caused. 4. Disengaged—8 percent—have heard of global warming but don’t know 5. Doubtful—13 percent—don’t think it’s happening, or natural. 6. Dismissive—8 percent—convinced not happening, hoax or a plot. Listen - values - motivations common ground. 21

22 22

23 Energy efficiency always should be America’s highest- priority energy resource. Cheap clean reliable secure 23

24 24

25 25

26 Conservation is Cost-effective Under Many Different Future Scenarios Source: NW Power and Conservation Council - Draft 6 th Plan 26

27 27 Renewable Energy

28 28 Washington’s First Renewable “Revolution” Much of WA Post WWII Economy Tied to Inexpensive Renewable Electricity –Aluminum Industry –Defense Industry –Forest Products, Chemical –Rural Electrification

29 CA: 33% by 2020 Renewable Portfolio Standards State renewable portfolio standard State renewable portfolio goal / October 2009 Solar water heating eligible * † Extra credit for solar or customer-sited renewables Includes non-renewable alternative resources WA: 15% by 2020* ☼ NV : 25% by 2025* ☼ AZ: 15% by 2025 ☼ NM: 20% by 2020 (IOUs) 10% by 2020 (co-ops) HI: 40% by 2030 ☼ Minimum solar or customer-sited requirement TX: 5,880 MW by 2015 UT: 20% by 2025* ☼ CO: 20% by 2020 (IOUs) 10% by 2020 (co-ops & large munis)* MT: 15% by 2015 ND: 10% by 2015 SD: 10% by 2015 IA: 105 MW MN: 25% by 2025 (Xcel: 30% by 2020) ☼ MO: 15 % by 2021 WI : Varies by utility; 10% by 2015 goal MI: 10% + 1,100 MW by 2015* ☼ OH : 25% by 2025 † ME: 30% by 2000 New RE: 10% by 2017 ☼ NH: 23.8% by 2025 ☼ MA: 15% by % annual increase (Class I Renewables) RI: 16% by 2020 CT: 23% by 2020 ☼ NY: 24% by 2013 ☼ NJ: 22.5% by 2021 ☼ PA: 18% by 2020 † ☼ MD: 20% by 2022 ☼ DE: 20% by 2019* ☼ DC: 20% by 2020 VA: 15% by 2025* ☼ NC : 12.5% by 2021 (IOUs) 10% by 2018 (co-ops & munis) VT: (1) RE meets any increase in retail sales by 2012; (2) 20% RE & CHP by states & DC have an RPS 6 states have goals KS: 20% by 2020 ☼ OR : 25% by 2025 (large utilities )* 5% - 10% by 2025 (smaller utilities) ☼ IL: 25% by 2025 WV: 25% by 2025* †

30 We’re Number 4! Source : American Wind Energy Assoc. ( ) 30

31 Resource Costs: Long Term Source: NW Power and Conservation Council – Draft 6 th Plan 31

32 Initiative 937 – Energy Independence Act Sets the Policy Framework for Utility Development of Renewable Electricity 3% of Total Load by % by % by 2020 State’s large electric utilities must develop conservation plans to acquire all cost effective conservation First plan must be completed by Jan. 1, 2010 and set targets for biennium 32

33 33 Bioenergy Development Biodiesel Facilities Anaerobic Digesters Research on Alternative Feedstocks Bioenergy Biomass CHP

34 Not in My Backyard ! ! I Gregoire approves wind-power project 34

35 Lies, Damn Lies & Statistics 35

36 36

37 37

38 38

39 39

40 40

41 "In preparing for battle, I have always found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable." –General Dwight D. Eisenhower 41

42 A successful state energy strategy balance goals to: Maintain competitive energy prices Increase competitiveness Meet the state's enivronmental goals Be sustainable 42

43 1.Policy 2.Mandates - create markets 3.Tax incentives 4.regulation 5.Leverage partners a.Private sector b.Federal government Framework for success - alignment

44 Clean Energy Leadership Council Advisory group of clean energy industry leaders Charged – How does the state build its clean energy industry? Four major opportunity areas –Smart Grid –Energy Efficiency –“Green” building and the built environment –Sustainable biomass, biofuels, Bioproducts Major study by Navigant Consulting – Fall ‘10 44

45  Align Core Mission  Grow and improve jobs in Washington  Align Policies and Execution  Policy and Innovation Unit within Commerce  “Sector Lead”

46 Major State Energy Programs (ARRA) Low-Income Weatherization $59 million State Energy Program (SEP)$60 million –$38.5 million for Loan and Grant –$14. 5 neighborhood Energy Efficiency –$5 million credit enhancement for energy efficiency –$500k for farm efficiency tools State and Local Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants $56 million –Most directly to large local government and tribes –$6.4 million to small cities and counties –Transportation planning grants –Resource Conservation Manager grants 46

47 Major State Energy Programs (ARRA) State and Local Block EE Block Grant Competitive – $390 million to 8 to 20 district energy efficiency projects –5 to 1 leverage –Large cities, counties, tribes, state –Residential and commercial sector energy efficiency –Also $ 63 million to small cities/counties for energy efficiency Appliance Rebate Program $6.2 million Energy Assurance $810,000 Utility Commission Assistance $900,000 47

48 What’s on the Horizon? 1.Will natural gas have a new (old) role? 2.Have high gasoline prices (and the recession) permanently altered demand? 4.When will be have a price on carbon? Can we massively increase investment in efficiency? 5.What are the next big technological breakthroughs? – Electric vehicles –Next generation biofuels –Inexpensive photovoltaics –Zero energy buildings 48

49 -$ Savings -New services -Reliability -Security -Efficiency -Environment -Safety Smart Energy 49

50 Key Trends/Observations - Energy Building Energy Efficiency –Largely driven by building codes and appliance standards –Moving toward more efficient building with generation included –Best building practices integrate envelope, hvac, lighting and occupants –Efficiency activity driven by utility rebates, programs and public investment Transportation Electrification –Washington State is involved in one of the largest demonstration of electric vehicles, charging infrastructure, energy storage (batteries) –Key challenge will be integrating with the existing electric system –Creating opportunities in Software, Composites, Smart Grid Wind Energy –State is working with companies to capture more of the wind value chain – spare parts, operations, maintenance and training –East central, Southeast and the Gorge continue to draw development. –Diverse partners coming together for the world’s largest wind tradeshow. –Manufacturers attempting to apply excess capacity to this new sector 50

51 51 Smart Grid –Region involved in the largest smart grid demonstration project –Grid investments will be key to integrating renewable energy Biofuels / bioeconomy –Significant aviation biofuel project to fulfill 15% of Seatac’s usage –Public fleets expanding use; nearing 20% on-road use in western WA State Energy /Strategy / Clean Energy Leadership Council –Analyzing all fuels and sectors –Retain hydro power advantage – clean & cost-effective –Innovate new technologies and approaches –Build on the region’s strength

52 Reinvent fire Produce Transmit Use 52

53 53 Contact Tim Stearns Senior Energy Policy Specialist Washington State Department of Commerce

54 54


Download ppt "1 Washington State Energy Past / Present / Future Tim Stearns Senior Energy Policy Specialist Washington State Department of Commerce"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google