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INTRODUCTION TO INSURANCE. MEANING OF INSURANCE  Insurance is a contract of indemnity under which insurance company or insurer agrees to pay a certain.

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Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION TO INSURANCE. MEANING OF INSURANCE  Insurance is a contract of indemnity under which insurance company or insurer agrees to pay a certain."— Presentation transcript:

1 INTRODUCTION TO INSURANCE

2 MEANING OF INSURANCE  Insurance is a contract of indemnity under which insurance company or insurer agrees to pay a certain sum of money to compensate loss caused by the occurrence of uncertain event in consideration of certain periodical payments i.e. premium.

3 DEFINITION OF INSURANCE  Insurance may be defined in two ways:  Functional definition.  Legal definition.

4 Functional Definition  “Insurance is a co-operative device to spread loss caused by a particular risk over a number of persons who are exposed to it, who agree to insure themselves against that risk.”  _prof. R.S.Sharma

5 LEGAL DEFINITION  “insurance is a contract in which sum of money is paid by the assured in consideration of the insurer’s incurring the risk of paying a large sum upon a given contingency.”  _Chief Justice Tindal

6 Features of Insurance  Offer and Acceptance.  Lawful objects.  Contract.  Consideration.  Co-operative device.  Protection against financial risks.  Good faith.  Contract of indemnity.  Certainity and Contingency.  Insurance is not gambling.  Subrogation.  Insurable interest.  Insurance is not named as charity.

7 FUNCTIONS OF INSURANCE  Functions of insurance can be divided into three categories:  Primary insurance.  Secondary insurance.  Other functions.

8 Primary functions  It provides certainity.  It distributes risks.  It provides security.

9 Secondary functions  It provides capital.  It increases efficiency.  It helps in judging the viability of major projects.  Insurance helps in loss reduction.

10 Other functions  Economic development.  Expansion of foreign trade.  It provides funds to invest.  Encouraging savings.  It checks inflation.  Self-confidence and goodwill.  Social security.  Credit facilities.

11 Evolution of insurance 

12 Life insurance  In Richard Mortin issued the first policy on Williams Gybbon’s life.  In The mercer’s company came into existence.  In ‘Hand in Hand Society’  In Parliament passed an act.  In First foreign company i.e.Oriental Company was in India.  In ‘Madras equitable company’.  in Mostly Indian companies entered into joint venture with the foreign companies to do jointly the business of life insurance.  Some of which are:  HDFC standard life insurance co. Ltd.  Max-New york Life insurance co. Ltd.  SBI Life Insurance Co. Ltd

13 GENERAL INSURANCE Formed under Act.,1972.

14 General insurance companies such as  New India insurance companies Ltd.  Oriental fire and general insurance companies Ltd.  National insurance companies Ltd.  Reliance General insurance company.

15 Details of general insurance are as follows  Property insurance- (fire insurance & marine insurance)  Liability insurance- (theft, fidelity, motor & machine insurances )

16 Importance of Insurance  Importance of insurance may be studied under four heads:  Importance to an individual  Importance to business  Importance to commerce and industry  Importance to society.

17 Importance to an Individual  Insurance provides security and safety.  It provides peace of mind.  It eliminates dependency.  It serves as a source of savings.  Life insurance as a sound investment.  It protects mortgage property.  Others (family needs, old age needs and so on)

18 Importance to business  Financial help.  Reduces uncertainty of business losses.  It improves efficiency.  Indemnification.  Grant of credit facilities.  Continuous business.  Employee’s security.

19 Importance to commerce and industry  Economic development.  Earns foreign exchange.  Source of capital formation.  Source of income

20 Importance to society  Protection to society’s wealth.  Economic growth.  Standard of living.  Social security benefits.  Equitable distribution of loss.  Removal of social evils.  Accelerate the production cycle.  Reduction in inflation.  Huge funds.

21 Insurance as a social security tool  Security and safety.  Peace of mind.  Encourage savings.  Provides investment.  Meets various needs.  Helps in loss reduction.  Increases efficiency.  Enhancement of credit.  Control inflation rate.  Confidence in work.

22 Insurance and economic development  Relationship between insurance and economic development.  Factor affecting E.D.  Investment necessary.  Huge funds.  Accelerate the production cycle.  Protection against risk.  Promotes foreign trade.  Promotes financial stability.


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