Presentation on theme: "The Future of the English"— Presentation transcript:
1The Future of the English Lesson 11The Future of the EnglishJ . B. Priestley
2Aims:1) Improving students’ ability to read between lines and understand the text properly;2) Cultivating students’ ability to make a creative reading;3) Enhancing students’ ability to appreciate the text from different perspectives
3Aims4) Helping students to understand some difficult words and expressions;5) Helping students to understanding rhetorical devices;6) Encouraging students to voice their own viewpoint fluently and accurately.
4Teaching Contents Background Knowledge Exposition and Argument Detailed Study of The EssayOrganization PatternStyle and Language Features
5Time Allocation: 1) Background knowledge (15 min.) 2) Detailed study of the text (180 min.)3) Structure analysis (15 min.)4) Language appreciation (15 min.)5) Free talk (30 min)
6Exposition and Argument 1) Type of literature: part exposition and part persuasion or argument
7Difference between exposition and argument Difference between persuasion and argumentHonest persuasion and dishonest persuasionFormal argument and informal argument
8Background Knowledge 1) About the Author and His Works 1) A brief introduction to the author, Priestley:
92) AdmassThe whole system of an increasing productivity, plus inflation, plus a rising standard of material living, plus high-pressure advertising and salesmanship, plus mass communications, plus cultural democracy and the creation of the mass mind, the mass man the part of society that can be influenced by advertising or publicity
11Pre-class work:1. What do you think the author is going to focus on: the future of the English as an international language, the future of the English as a nation or the future of the English people?2. You are supposed to figure out the type of the essay from the title. It’s an imaginary fiction forecasting the future of the English or not?3. What do you think the future of your own country and people would be like?
12The English are Different 1. The dominant intention or the controversial topic of his argument is stated early in paragraph one in one unambiguous sentence: “ The English are different”.
131) The English can soon feel bored and that’s why they gamble and booze so much and enjoy any dramatic change in public life.2) The English have a sense of community, decent fellow feeling, fairness.3) The English are at heart and at root an imaginative people immediately responsive to any suggestion of drama in their lives.
144) It is instinctive feeling and not rational thought that shapes and colours actual events in England.5) The English do not feel at home in the contemporary world, representing the accelerated development of our whole age. They are suspicious of largeness, severe efficiency and admass.6) The English are also deeply suspicious of change for change’s sake.
15The Future of the English Hangs on 1) The final result of a battle between Admass and Englishness.
16The striking contrast between admass and Englishness to show how inevitable the battle is.
17Admass1. Already conquered most of the western world2.receive vast subsidies of dollars, francs, Deutschmarks and the rest for public relations and advertising campaignsEnglishness1.ailing and impoverished2.in no position to receive vast subsidies of dollars,francs, Deutschmarks and the rest for public relations and advertising campaigns
183.offers more and more things for more and more money, creates the so-called “Good Life” 4.operates in the outer visible world5.a poster in full colour3. offers states of mind in place of that rich variety of thins4.belong to the invisible inner world5. a poor shadowy show, a faint pencil sketch
20Admass:What is central to Admass is the production and consumption of goods.Dissatisfaction is embedded in AdmassRuthless competitivenessTake man only as a producer and consumerDependence upon dissatisfaction, greed and envy
21Englishness:With its relation to the unconsciousDependence upon instinct and intuitionAdherence to the past and deep long rootsNot hostile to change and deeply suspicious of change for change’s sakeRejecting being committed to some inevitable mechanical progress
22While Englishness can still fight on, Admass could be winning.
23Reason:Not all the English hold fast to EnglishnessSome important and influential men carefully train themselves out of itA horde of others, shallow and foolish, wander away form itThe spirits of age is working for AdmassMost of what we read and what we hear is working for AdmassInflation proved that we need more and not less Admass
242) The Future of the English rests upon the decision made by English workers together with the people on the management side who will have to put an end to the conflict between Admass and Englishness.
253) The Future of the English hangs upon men and women who are strong-minded enough to hold the Englishness and reject Admass
264) The Future of the English depends upon the quieter young, who under the influence of one or two of those professional men and women, far-sighted enough to think what life would be like in the future.
275) The Future of the English can not depends on the SLOOPY PEOPLE
28Boredom is a MENACE . Heavily industrially society ↓ offer boring work shatter slow rhythms, traditional skills, closely knit communities of rural societiescrowd and excite people by promises that cannot be keptBoredom
29Boredom↓idiot vandalism, frustration, ferocious robbery with violence, vicious criminality
30English is Still With Us 4.English is still with us. But it needs reinforcement, extra nourishment.1) On a hidden level, there remains of a characteristically English sense of community, decent fellow feeling, fairness.
312) Englishness cannot be fed with the east wind of a narrow rationality, the latest figures of profit and loss, a constant appeal to self-interest.3) English are at heart and at root an imaginative people immediately responsive to any suggestion of drama in their lives.
32Question:“And this is true, whether they are wearing bowler hats or ungovernable mops of hair.”The rhetorical device used in this sentence is __________.“bowler hats” is standing for ___________.“ungovernable mops of hair” is standing for ___________.
33The writer’s voiceTo face the future properly they need both a direction and a treat life of the heart. A rather poorer and harder way of life will not defeat them so long as it is not harder and poorer in spirit, so long as it still refuses to reject Englishness- for so many centuries the secret of the islanders oddity and irrationality, their many weaknesses, their creative strength.
34Organization Pattern 1) The thesis stated in the title of the essay 2) The structural organization of this essay: loose3) A quite informal piece of argument which appeals more to the emotion of his English readers4) Weakness: insufficient evidence to support the writer’s position, and his reasoning on some points not logically sound
35Style and Language Features 1) Smooth and polished2) Readable and informal3) It is the instinctive and intuitive feelings not rational reasoning that shape and colors the style of the essay.
364) Use of various rhetorical devices MetaphorSimileEllipsisTransferred epithetMetonymyEuphemism
37Special Difficulties1) Identifying and understanding British English in this essay2) Understanding some colloquialism3) Paraphrasing some sentences4) Identifying figures of speech5) Understanding some important terms