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Introduction to Human Anatomy Sanjaya Adikari Department of Anatomy.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Human Anatomy Sanjaya Adikari Department of Anatomy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Human Anatomy Sanjaya Adikari Department of Anatomy

2 Why do you need to study anatomy? A doctor should be able to localize symptoms and signs –Pains –Lumps/bumps –Withdrawing of blood & giving injections –Basic medical procedures

3 Why do you need to study anatomy? Surgeons need to know what they cut –Where to cut –How to find the structures/organs –Relationship of stuctures/organs –Normal variations

4 Subsections in the study of Anatomy Dissections/Macroscopic structure Histology/Microscopic structure Embryology Genetics

5 Dissection is done in regions –Head and neck (with Nervous control M) –Thorax (with Res. Gas exch. M, Blood & Circula M) –Abdomen (with Alimentation M) –Pelvis & Perineum (with Excretion & Reproduc M) –Limbs (with Locomotion M)

6 Anatomical Terms

7 Anatomical Position

8 Anterior = Ventral Posterior = Dorsal Superior = Cephalic Inferior = Caudal Left and Right Medial and Lateral

9 Anatomical planes Para saggital/ Para median

10 ‘A’ is lateral to ‘B’ ‘B’ is medial to ‘A’ AB

11 Superior/ cephalic Inferior/ caudal

12 A B ‘A’ is proximal to ‘B’ ‘B’ is distal to ‘A’ A B

13 Pre-axial border Post-axial border

14 Abduction Adduction

15 Extension Flexion Movement that carries the limb anteriorly and bends it Extension Movement that carries the limb posteriorly and straightens it

16 Flexion Extension

17

18 Rotation Circumduction

19

20 Superficial Closer to the skin/out side Deep Away from the skin/out side

21 Books Recommended Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy McMinn’s colour atlas of Human Anatomy Grant’s Dissector Wheater’s Functional Histology by B Young and J.W. Heathor Textbook of Human Histology with Colour Atlas and Practical Guide by Inderbir Singh

22 Books Recommended LAST’S ANATOMY REGIONAL AND APPLIED Gray’s Anatomy for students Textbook of Anatomy by Inderbir Singh Clinically oriented Anatomy, By Keith L. Moore Human Embryology by Prof. Malkanthi S. Chandrasekera

23 List of things to be brought by you on the day of introduction to dissections Scalpel blade and handle – 4 sets per group Non toothed-forceps with a broad tip – 4 per group Toothed-forceps with a broad tip – 4 per group Pare of scissors (curved) - 2 per group Cotton wool g packet Gauze bandage - 06 per group Two pairs of socks One sponge (about 2 x 3 x 5 inches) to apply body fluid A grey clothe 60 inches wide and 2 ½ meters long Grant’s Dissector and a Lab coat

24 Instruments Scalpel handle (No. 4) Scalpel blade (No 22)

25 Instruments

26 Gold-handled, curved fine-tipped Scissors 5-6 inch Forceps

27 ScissorsForceps Approach to the human bodies

28 ScissorsForceps Approach to the human bodies

29 ScissorsForceps Approach to the human bodies

30 ScissorsForceps Approach to the human bodies

31 Communication with staff Talk during practical classes Meet us personally in the office ‘Comments box’ next to the Anatomy notice board (of the ground floor) BatchStu. No.

32 Exams Semester Exams – 4 SAQ (40%), MCQ (30%), OSPE (30%) Each OSPE item will have equal weightage No separate merit exam Marks from the 4 semester exams will decide ‘Distinctions in Anatomy’


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