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50Mhz ionosphere propagation modes observed from Athens over the last three solar cycles. Costas Fimerelis, SV1DH G3WOS BBQ Aug. 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "50Mhz ionosphere propagation modes observed from Athens over the last three solar cycles. Costas Fimerelis, SV1DH G3WOS BBQ Aug. 2007."— Presentation transcript:

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2 50Mhz ionosphere propagation modes observed from Athens over the last three solar cycles. Costas Fimerelis, SV1DH G3WOS BBQ Aug. 2007

3 Abstract: An overview of the numerous 6m ionosphere propagation modes observed from Athens during the last three solar cycles ( ) is presented in detail, related to the location geographical and radio noise limitations. Exotic modes like LP to Pacific and LDE to Australia, as well A and E-TEP to Africa are also discussed.

4 CONTENTS Geographical and radio noise location limitations Transequatorial propagation (A & E-TEP) F2 propagation (SP-LP-LDE) Scatter propagation Es propagation Mixed modes

5 Geographical and radio noise location limitations QTH (KM18VA) takeoff angle modest (>2deg. for >180deg. arc) due to three local mountains. Power line noise always present (~10db/th at min, >15db/th on average and >20db/th for 20% of time) due to LOS on a 20KV line at m distance. ANC-4 wide band noise canceller (using a 5 el. yagi as noise ant.) not effective most of the time, suppressing the noise of a single source only up to 20db.

6 KM18VA takeoff horizon

7 KM18VA power line noise

8 SV1DH 50 & 144Mhz antennas

9 Transequatorial propagation (A & E-TEP) Two distinct modes (or types) of propagation were observed on the Euroafrican sector: Afternoon mode, up to 1700z, propagating strong and clean signals up to ~70Mhz Evening mode, between 1730z and ~2200z, propagating marginal and severely distorted signals, mostly above 30Mhz and up to ~430Mhz (during cycle 21 only) No TEP propagation between the two modes

10 Z2 TV via A-TEP (1980)

11 E-TEP world sectors and 144Mhz paths

12 Cycle 21 world E-TEP paths Path Km Mhz Min Sa Max Kp Observ.

13 E-TEP Euroafrican sector waveguide geometry model

14 Short-Path (SP) 50Mhz propagation To all directions, except over North Pole All day long, starting at ~06z and up to ~24z Most rare area in the western Pacific (two 15 minute openings over cycle 22 only) Max distance 16600Km (5F2) Never heard ZL or VK1,2,5,7, in spite of clear takeoff to these directions

15 Cycle 22 50Mhz time of day probability of propagation

16 Cycle 23 50Mhz time of day probability of propagation

17 Long-Path (LP) 50Mhz propagation Limited to JA, KH6, KH8, within az deg Openings to JA (max dist Km, LP ~25%) -main window: z (peak 23z) to JA1,2,3(80%) -sec. window: z (peak 12z) to JR6 (13%) -sole window: z (incl scatter) to JA1 (7%) -weak sigs, need for low noise location -first obs. on 9/10/88 (well before any SP opening) Openings to KH6 (max dist Km, no SP obs.) -main window: z (no AF sigs) (52%) -sec window: z (10%) -rare window: z (incl scatter over SA) (38%) -strong and clean sigs

18 Long-Path (LP) 50Mhz propagation, cont’ Openings to KH8 (max dist Km, no SP obs.) -sole window: z -marginal to strong sigs with some flutter Single opening to PJ2 (at 0845z over SE Asia incl. scatter, at a dist. of 30600Km) Single opening to ZL up to 45Mhz (video sigs at z)

19 KH6/K6MIO on 50Mhz (0930z – 18 Oct 2001)

20 KH8/N5OLS on 50Mhz (2110z – 7 April 2001)

21 CE0Y/W7XU on 50Mhz (2145z – 3 April 2001)

22 Very low power 50 Mhz contacts With ZS6LN at 7000 Km via A-TEP using 1mW on SSB (1980) Path attenuation almost at free space value With PY5CC at Km via 3F2 (or 4F2) using 1mW on SSB (2000) Path attenuation some db above free space value

23 Long Delayed Echo (LDE) propagation on 50Mhz Observed once to VK8 (at 0845z on 26 Oct 2002) Single strong (s9) echo, sig delayed much more (est. 0.3~0.4 sec) then the usual HF RTW echoes Readability poor, need for VERY slow speaking No LP or Scatter path (over Indian ocean) present Echo observed also on LZ sigs only (by VK8MS) Strong Asiatic UA and 9M video sigs present Cluster report of unusual echo on 10m also No echo recording by any station…

24 Scatter (Sc) Propagation SCATTER TO SEASON TIME(z) QTF COMMENTS S. EU Mar &Oct Arabic Pen. Northern TEP crest S. EU “ NW. AF & Moderate sigs N. EU end Oct Central AS Weak sigs N. EU “ Caribbean “ JA Mar-Apr ~10 Arabic Pen. Very weak sigs NA&Carib. late Oct NW. AF Weak sigs SA late Mar SW. AF Weak&distorted

25 Es supported long distance propagation Mainly to Caribbean and north America, end of May to mid July, between 10-22z with medium strong signals Max distance up to 10600Km (HP, Jul 2006 and W5, June 2007, but max worldwide recorded ~13500Km) Same period to JA (and VR), between 06-16z with weak signals Once to 4S, early July at 06z, with medium strong signals On many openings presence of intermediate ground scatter points, but on some to US no EU signals or 48MHz video at all! Duration (several hours) and stability of ionized areas amazing Propagation footprint area mostly very limited and slowly drifting westward Signal strength much less then with F2 propagation

26 Opening to US on 4 June 2006

27 Opening to US on 21 July 2007

28 Mixed-mode Propagation Questionable identification of modes involved Some probable examples: -All skewed openings outside EU, F2+F2Sc -Openings to VK8 mid June, Es+F2 -Openings to VK9X late April, Es+TEP? -Openings to VQ9 late April, Es+TEP -Opening to VU mid Oct, Es+F2

29 50MHz PROPAGATION CONCLUSIONS THE GEOMAGNETIC LOCATION VERY IMPORTANT AND BEST WITHIN THE NORTHERN TEP ZONE (i.e. MEDITERRANEAN) LOW TAKEOFF ANGLE (BEST <2 DEG) ESSENTIAL, ESPECIALLY ON THE RISE AND FALL OF SOLAR CYCLE POWER LINE NOISE ON 50Mhz (>5db ABOVE RECEIVER THERMAL) LIMITS SIGNAL RECEPTION CONSIDERABLY PROPAGATION TIME OF DAY AND SEASON FAIRLY PREDICTABLE


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