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Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Age Session 13.

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Presentation on theme: "Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Age Session 13."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structural Barriers to Disaster Resilience: Age Session 13

2 2 Session Objectives  Describe demographic distribution of age in the U.S.  Analyze the relationship between social institutions and age  Identify how vulnerability to disaster and post-disaster recovery vary over life course  Discuss capacity of the very young and very old in disaster

3 Session 133 Population Distribution of Elderly in the U.S. - 2000 65 Yrs and Younger Over 65 Yrs 20% 80% 13% 87% 2000 2030 Projected Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm

4 Session 134 Projected Increase of People Over 85 Yrs. of Age in U.S. Time PeriodIncrease 1995-2010 56% 2010-2030 50% 2030-2050 116% Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm

5 Session 135 Percent of Elderly Living in Nursing Homes in U.S. - 2000 AgePercent 64-74 Yrs. 1.1% 75-84 Yrs. 4.5% 85+ Yrs.19.0% Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm

6 Session 136 Population Distribution of Children in the U.S. 18 Years and Older Under 18 Years 44% 56% 42% 58% 2000 2030 Projected Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org

7 Session 137 Poverty Rate by Age of Elderly in the U.S. - 2000 AgePoverty Rate 65-74 Yrs. 9% 75-84 Yrs.12% 85+ Yrs.14% Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm

8 Session 138 Poverty Rate of Elderly by Marital Status - 2000 Not in Poverty In Poverty 17% 83% 5% 95% Married Couples Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm Unmarried

9 Session 139 Source of Income for Elderly by Income Distribution - 2000 Social Security Public Assistance Pensions Earnings/Assets 82% Bottom 20% of Income Distribution 10% 8% 50% 20% 10% Top 20% of Income Distribution Source: Federal Forum on Age-Related Statistics. 2000. Older Americans 2000: Key Indicators of Well-Being. Available online at: http://www.agingstats.gov/chartbook2000/OlderAmericans2000.pdf

10 Session 1310 Status of U.S. Compared to Other Countries - 2000  11th in proportion of children living in poverty  16th in living standards among the poorest 20% of children  16th in efforts to lift children out of poverty  18th in the gap between rich and poor children  32nd in infant mortality rates Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org

11 Session 1311 Population Distribution of Elderly by Sex - 2000 Source: Administration on Aging. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm

12 Session 1312 Poverty Rates of Elderly by Sex - 2000 Source: Administration on Aging. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm

13 Session 1313 Poverty Rates of Children in the U.S. - 2000 Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org

14 Session 1314 Children Respond and are Affected Differently  Young children often need physical reassurance  Some young children will re-experience the event periodically  Some young children experience excessive attachment behaviors  Children often will react to and simulate parents’ or adults’ behavior and mood  Young girls die at a higher rate than other children, probably because they are with their mothers, who also die at a higher rate than males Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org

15 Session 1315 Strategies for Helping Children Affected by Disaster AgeStrategies Pre-SchoolReassure children they are safe through providing extra comfort Get a better understanding of their feelings by having children draw pictures and discuss their fears School AgeDon’t give false assurances that a disaster won’t happen again Monitor media viewing because images may be frightening to children Allow them to express themselves through drawing or music or play Don’t be afraid to say “I don’t know AdolescentsEncourage them to express their feelings and work out their concerns Offer support and comfort Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org

16 Session 1316 Key Issues Reported by Elderly Victims  Basic Needs: shelter, fuel, clothing, bedding, household items  Mobility: incapacity, transport  Health: access to services; appropriate food, water, sanitation, psychosocial needs  Family and Social: separation, dependents, changes in social structure, loss of status  Economic and Legal: income, information, documentation Source: HelpAge International. 2001. “Older People in Disasters and Humanitarian Disasters: Guidelines for Best Practice.” Available online as a.pdf file: http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/HelpAge_olderpeople.pdf

17 Session 1317 Addressing Needs of Elderly Victims  Develop checklists to assess levels of isolation and special needs of elderly, and use resource mapping to identify appropriate resources  Pair isolated or limited-mobility elders with others as a “buddy” system  Check records in service facilities to find out if expected numbers of elderly have applied for help  In sheltering situations, try to keep elderly together with people they know  Make service delivery locations as accessible as possible Source: HelpAge International. 2001. “Older People in Disasters and Humanitarian Disasters: Guidelines for Best Practice.” Available online as a.pdf file: http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/HelpAge_olderpeople.pdf


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