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PREVENTION OF FALL FATALITIES AND INJURIES IN CONSTRUCTION INSERT SPEAKER NAME, TITLE, AND ORGANIZATION INFORMATION.

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Presentation on theme: "PREVENTION OF FALL FATALITIES AND INJURIES IN CONSTRUCTION INSERT SPEAKER NAME, TITLE, AND ORGANIZATION INFORMATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 PREVENTION OF FALL FATALITIES AND INJURIES IN CONSTRUCTION INSERT SPEAKER NAME, TITLE, AND ORGANIZATION INFORMATION

2 Overview  OSHA Alliance Program  OSHA Alliance Program Construction Roundtable  U.S. Construction Accident and Fall Statistics  Safe Practices  Resources  Summary *Through the OSHA Alliance Program, this presentation was developed by members of the Alliance Program Construction Roundtable for informational purposes only. It does not necessarily reflect the official views of OSHA or the U.S. Department of Labor. (September 2008)

3 Alliance Program OSHA and the participating organizations define, implement, and meet a set of short- and long-term goals that fall into three categories: OSHA and the participating organizations define, implement, and meet a set of short- and long-term goals that fall into three categories: Training and educationTraining and education Outreach and communicationOutreach and communication Promoting the national dialogue on safety and healthPromoting the national dialogue on safety and health Sharing technical expertise, developing and disseminating compliance assistance products with participants Sharing technical expertise, developing and disseminating compliance assistance products with participants Provides OSHA access to millions Provides OSHA access to millions of employers and employees John R. Miller, President, SIA.; Edwin G. Foulke, Jr., Assistant Secretary, USDOL-OSHA; and Richard J. Marshall, then-Executive Vice President, SIA; sign a national Alliance agreement on February 25, 2008

4 OSHA Alliance Program Construction Roundtable  Purpose of Alliance Roundtable  Success of Alliance Program Construction Roundtable: Fall Protection Workgroup Fall Protection Workgroup Design for Safety (DfS) Workgroup Design for Safety (DfS) Workgroup Presentations Presentations

5 OSHA Alliance Program Construction Roundtable: Members American Industrial Hygiene Association American Industrial Hygiene Association American Society of Safety Engineers American Society of Safety Engineers Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association Construction Institute-American Society of Civil Engineers Construction Institute-American Society of Civil Engineers Independent Electrical Contractors Independent Electrical Contractors Laborers’ Health and Safety Fund of North America Laborers’ Health and Safety Fund of North America National Association of Home Builders National Association of Home Builders National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Sealant Waterproofing and Restoration Institute Sealant Waterproofing and Restoration Institute National Safety Council National Safety Council Sealant Waterproofing and Restoration Institute Sealant Waterproofing and Restoration Institute Washington Division of URS Corporation Washington Division of URS Corporation

6 Alliance Program Construction Roundtable Products Design for Safety Workgroup Design for Construction Safety Web site Design for Construction Safety Web site “Introduction to Designing for Construction Safety” presentation “Introduction to Designing for Construction Safety” presentation Design for Construction Safety 2 – 4 Hour Course Design for Construction Safety 2 – 4 Hour Course Washington Division of URS Case Study, "Washington Group International Designs and Builds a Mixed-Waste Treatment Facility." February 2007 Washington Division of URS Case Study, "Washington Group International Designs and Builds a Mixed-Waste Treatment Facility." February 2007 Fall Protection Workgroup Safety Tips Sheets Safety Tips Sheets “Fall Protection” presentation “Fall Protection” presentation Toolbox Talks Toolbox Talks Picture of Toolbox Talks: Ladder Safety

7 Screen Capture of Design for Construction Safety Web site Design for Construction Safety Web Site

8 Screen Capture of OSHA’s Alliance Program Construction Roundtable Web Page Alliance Program Construction Roundtable

9 U.S. Construction Accident Statistics 1 Nearly 200,000 serious injuries and 1,226 deaths each year Nearly 200,000 serious injuries and 1,226 deaths each year 5.5% of workforce but 21.5% of fatalities 5.5% of workforce but 21.5% of fatalities Construction has one of the highest fatality rates of any industry sector Construction has one of the highest fatality rates of any industry sector SIGNIFICANCE: NEARLY 100 DEATHS PER MONTH 1 Bureau of Labor Statistics-2006

10 U.S. Construction Fall Fatality Statistics 1 Total Falls 433 From roof edge 74 From roof edge 74 From scaffold, staging 70 From scaffold, staging 70 From ladders 68 From ladders 68 To lower level 48 To lower level 48 Through floor opening, floor surface, Through floor opening, floor surface, ground to lower level 31 ground to lower level 31 From structural steel 24 From structural steel 24 Through skylight 23 Through skylight 23 From non-moving vehicle 22 From non-moving vehicle 22 Through roof surface, roof opening 20 Through roof surface, roof opening 20 1 Bureau of Labor Statistics-2006

11 Good body reaction time= 0.5 seconds Travel distance in 0.5 seconds = 4 feet In 1 second your body will fall 16 feet Fall Speed vs. Reaction Time By the time you react your body will be 4 feet below where you were standing

12 When Do You Need Fall Protection? OSHA’s Regulation 29 CFR (b) under Subpart M requires fall protection wherever the potential to fall six feet or more exists. Fall protection is required when you are: Near an unprotected roof edge; Near an unprotected roof edge; Working in a unguarded mezzanine and balcony edges; Working in a unguarded mezzanine and balcony edges;

13 When Do You Need Fall Protection? Fall protection is also required in the following locations: Working off aerial lift;Working off aerial lift; Unguarded scaffolding 10 feet or higherUnguarded scaffolding 10 feet or higher

14 Reducing Fall Fatalities and Injuries Design Professionals – Design Professionals’ need to be cognizant to design with health and safety in mind. Design permanent building features so that fall protection is not needed. This eliminates the chance of an accident if fall protection is not provided, provided but not used, or not used properly Design Professionals – Design Professionals’ need to be cognizant to design with health and safety in mind. Design permanent building features so that fall protection is not needed. This eliminates the chance of an accident if fall protection is not provided, provided but not used, or not used properly Contractors – It is the contractor’s responsibility to enforce compliance with safety practices with regard to ladders, scaffolds, and instances where fall protection is necessary Contractors – It is the contractor’s responsibility to enforce compliance with safety practices with regard to ladders, scaffolds, and instances where fall protection is necessary Workers – It is the worker’s responsibility to apply the safety practices with regard to ladders, scaffolds, and instances where fall protection is necessary Workers – It is the worker’s responsibility to apply the safety practices with regard to ladders, scaffolds, and instances where fall protection is necessary

15 Types of Fall Prevention and Protection Systems Passive Systems prevent falls by placing a physical barrier between the worker and the hazard (e.g. guardrails). Passive Systems prevent falls by placing a physical barrier between the worker and the hazard (e.g. guardrails). Active Systems protect workers by limiting the fall to a specified distance and also limit the amount of force the worker is subjected to in the event of a fall (e.g. personal fall arrest systems). Active Systems protect workers by limiting the fall to a specified distance and also limit the amount of force the worker is subjected to in the event of a fall (e.g. personal fall arrest systems).

16 A Personal Fall-Arrest System is a system used to arrest an employee in a fall from a working level. A Personal Fall-Arrest System is a system used to arrest an employee in a fall from a working level. Any person ordered to work with at height who has an increase risk of falling off of structures/buildings should wear a personal fall arrest system. Any person ordered to work with at height who has an increase risk of falling off of structures/buildings should wear a personal fall arrest system. Personal Fall-Arrest Systems

17 Personal Fall-Arrest Systems, when Personal Fall-Arrest Systems, when stopping a fall shall be rigged such that stopping a fall shall be rigged such that a worker can neither free fall more than a worker can neither free fall more than six feet, nor contact any lower level. six feet, nor contact any lower level. Must have a minimum breaking strength of 5,000 pounds. Must have a minimum breaking strength of 5,000 pounds.

18 Personal Fall-Arrest Systems A personal fall-arrest system shall consist of the following:  Anchorage points, Full body harness, Shock Absorbing Lanyard, Lifeline, Rope-grabs, Connectors All components of the fall arrest system shall be fully compatible.

19 Full Body Harness Must be the right size for you. Must be the right size for you. The attachment point of a body The attachment point of a body harness shall be located on the: harness shall be located on the: Rear D-ring between shoulders when working from a suspended scaffold or an aerial lift Front D-ring when working from a bosun’s chair. Rear D-ring between shoulders when working from a suspended scaffold or an aerial lift Front D-ring when working from a bosun’s chair. Harness must be adjusted snugly starting with leg straps, then waist, shoulders and chest. Harness must be adjusted snugly starting with leg straps, then waist, shoulders and chest.

20 Lanyards Used to connect a body harness Used to connect a body harness to a lifeline, rope-grab, or to a lifeline, rope-grab, or anchorage point. anchorage point. Shall be the appropriate length: Shall be the appropriate length: ◦Bosun’s chair – 2 feet or less ◦Suspended scaffold – 3 to 4 feet ◦Aerial lift – 4 to 6 feet Attach to: Attach to: ◦Rear D-ring on harness between shoulders when working on suspended scaffolds and when working on suspended scaffolds and aerial lifts. aerial lifts. ◦Front D-ring when working from a bosun’s chair. Be protected against being cut or abraded. Be protected against being cut or abraded.

21 Lifelines Vertical - connected to an anchorage at one end to hang vertically. Vertical - connected to an anchorage at one end to hang vertically. Horizontal - connected to anchorages at both ends to stretch horizontally. Horizontal - connected to anchorages at both ends to stretch horizontally.

22 Lifelines Are used as a means of connecting other components of a Personal Fall-Arrest System. Are used as a means of connecting other components of a Personal Fall-Arrest System. Shall be protected from contact with any surface that may abrade, weaken, damage or sever it. Shall be protected from contact with any surface that may abrade, weaken, damage or sever it. Shall be removed from service as recommended by the manufacturer. Shall be removed from service as recommended by the manufacturer.

23 Falls From Roof Edge

24 Falls From Roof Edge-Specify Parapets IBC paragraph requires that a parapet wall be at least 30 inches high IBC paragraph requires that a parapet wall be at least 30 inches high OSHA 1926 Subpart M requires a inch guardrail or other fall protection OSHA 1926 Subpart M requires a inch guardrail or other fall protection If the design professional specifies a inch high parapet wall, fall protection would not be required If the design professional specifies a inch high parapet wall, fall protection would not be required

25 Falls From Roof Edge Other features that Design Professionals should consider:  Locate mechanical equipment away from the roof edge or on the ground

26 Design Permanent Anchorage Points Design Professionals can design fixed anchorage points so that workers will have a convenient, safe point to tie off when personal fall arrest systems are needed.

27 Design of Anchorage Points Design of Anchorage Points  An anchorage is a secure point of attachment for lifelines lanyards or deceleration devices;  Must be independent of any anchorage being used for equipment tiebacks;  Must be independent of the means of supporting or suspending the worker; supporting or suspending the worker;  Must be capable of supporting at least 5,000 pounds per worker; least 5,000 pounds per worker;  Sound anchorages include certified roof anchors as well as structural roof anchors as well as structural members. members.

28 Design Permanent Anchorage Points: Residential Fall Protection

29 Falls From Scaffolds/Staging

30 Scaffolds shall be fully planked Scaffolds shall be fully planked Scaffolds shall have guardrails or personal fall arrest systems Scaffolds shall have guardrails or personal fall arrest systems Scaffolds shall have a safe means of access Scaffolds shall have a safe means of access

31 Falls From Aerial Lifting Devices

32 Falls From Ladders

33 Falls From Ladders-Specify Fixed Ladders or Stairways Specify fixed ladders or stairways whenever possible

34 Falls From Ladders Position portable ladders to the side rails to extend at least 3 feet above the landing Position portable ladders to the side rails to extend at least 3 feet above the landing Secure side rails at top or use a grab device when 3 foot extension is not possible Secure side rails at top or use a grab device when 3 foot extension is not possible Use “3-point” contact rule Use “3-point” contact rule Position base of ladder one foot away from wall for every four feet of ladder length Position base of ladder one foot away from wall for every four feet of ladder length

35 Falls From Height

36 Falls From Height-Specify Inch High Window Sills

37 Falls From Height-Specify Pre-Fabrication Building Components Steel Stairs Concrete Wall Panels Concrete Segmented Bridge

38 Falls From Height-Specify Pre-Fabricated Steelwork 1 1

39 Falls From Height-Specify Pre-Fabricated Service Risers 1 1

40 Falls from Floor Openings

41 Falls From Floor Openings-Guardrails Perimeter guarding shall consist of a mid-rail, top rail, toe- board system. The top edge height of the rail shall be 42+/-3 inches and the mid-rail should be between the top and the walking/working level.

42 Falls From Floor Openings-Specify Cast-in Sockets For Railings 1 1

43 Falls From Floor Openings Contractor can: Install temporary guardrails for temporary floor openings Install temporary guardrails for temporary floor openings Install a cover for temporary floor openings and holes Install a cover for temporary floor openings and holes

44 Falls From Structural Steel

45 Avoid hanging connections; design to bear on columns instead using safety seats Avoid hanging connections; design to bear on columns instead using safety seats Require holes in columns for tie lines 21” and 42” above each floor slab Require holes in columns for tie lines 21” and 42” above each floor slab Specify shop welded connections instead of bolts or field welds to avoid dangerous positions during erection Specify shop welded connections instead of bolts or field welds to avoid dangerous positions during erection Consider approximate dimensions of connection tools to prevent pinches or awkward assemblies Consider approximate dimensions of connection tools to prevent pinches or awkward assemblies National Institute of Steel Detailing and Steel Erectors Association of America. Detailing Guide for the Enhancement of Erection Safety. 2001

46 Falls Through Skylights

47 Falls Through Skylights-Specify Guards

48 Falls Through Roof Surface/Roof Opening Provide Dedicated Walkways to Access Equipment on Roof Provide Dedicated Walkways to Access Equipment on Roof Design roof structure so that it can carry stacks of roofing materials Design roof structure so that it can carry stacks of roofing materials Highlight hazardous and “no-walk” areas with red highlighting paint or other visual warnings. Highlight hazardous and “no-walk” areas with red highlighting paint or other visual warnings.

49 Falls From Non-Moving Vehicles

50 Falls From Non-Moving Vehicles- Trailer Access Platform 1

51 Fall Prevention Resources OSHA Alliance Program Construction Roundtable Web Page Alliance Program Construction Roundtable Web Page Fall Protection Safety and Health Topics Page Fall Protection Safety and Health Topics Page OSHA’s Construction Pocket Guide OSHA’s Construction Pocket Guide Other Design for Construction Safety Web Site Design for Construction Safety Web Site NIOSH Prevention Through Design Web Page NIOSH Prevention Through Design Web Page Safety in Design Safety in Design Picture of OSHA's Construction Pocket Guide


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