Interpolation is the process of estimating the value of function for any intermediate value of the variable with the help of its given set of values. Let us assume that the function y=f(x) is known for certain values of x say a for x 0,x 1,x 2,………x n. As f(x 0 ),f(x 1 ),……..f(x n ). The process of finding the value of f(x) corresponding to x=x i. Where x 0 <x i <x n. With the help of given data is called interpolation.
Let y = f (x) be a function which takes on values f (x n ), f (x n -h), f (x n -2h), …, f (x 0 ) corresponding to equispaced values x n, x n -h, x n -2h, …, x 0. Suppose, we wish to evaluate the function f (x) at (x n + ph),
Let y = f (x) be a function which takes the values, y 0, y 1,…y n corresponding to x 0, x 1, …x n. Since there are (n + 1) values of y corresponding to (n + 1) values of x, we can represent the function f (x) by a polynomial of degree n. DERIVATION:-