Presentation on theme: "WS 1.3 Initial Instruction AMERICA"— Presentation transcript:
1 WS 1.3 Initial Instruction AMERICA Note-TakingWS 1.3 Initial Instruction AMERICA
2 WS 1.3 Organization and Focus: use strategies of note-taking, outlining, and summarizing to impose structure on composition drafts. outlining, and summarizing to impose structure on composition drafts
3 Note-TakingPurpose: Knowing which facts to record and how to organize them is a skill that you can use when you research any topic Defined: A way to collect information from sources
5 Notes Taking down complete sentences is not necessary Explained:Writing down only the main ideas and supporting detailsTaking down complete sentences is not necessaryBest used when capturing the essential elements of the lecture or presentation is desired
7 Outlining Uses Roman numerals for the main ideas Explained:Arranging main ideas and supporting details in a logical orderUses Roman numerals for the main ideasUses capital letters for subtopicsUses Arabic numerals for the detailsEffective method of structuring draft before writing
9 ParaphrasingExplained:Using your own words to restate someone else’s ideasUsed often to replace quotations and dialogue to clarify textWhen using cards for research, effective way of organizing ideas into categories by sorting cards by main ideas
11 Summarizing Must include the main ideas and the most important details Explained:Condensing the text to include the most important informationMust include the main ideas and the most important detailsCan be written from an outlineSummarizing is capturing the essential ideas of the passage, as opposed to re-telling the whole passage.
13 Tips Headings can help distinguish main ideas from supporting details Explained:Skim the article or articlesUse any text organizers to locate and organize informationPay special attention to headingsHeadings can help distinguish main ideas from supporting details
15 Sample TextAdvances in Astronomy In 1543 an astronomer published a book that contradicted what a Greek authority had written. Many historians think the publication of this book marks the beginning of the Scientific Revolution.
16 Sample TextNicolaus Copernicus The book thought to have marked the beginning of the Scientific Revolution was written by a Polish astronomer, Nicolaus Copernicus. His 1543 book was called On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres.
17 Sample TextCopernicus was familiar with Ptolemy’s theories and writings. Ptolemy had written that the earth was the center of the universe and that the sun and other planets orbited, or circled around, the earth. For 1,400 years, people accepted this belief as fact.
18 Sample TextCopernicus tried a different explanation for what he observed in the sky. Copernicus practiced science. He proposed that the sun was the center of the universe, and that the planets, including earth, orbited it, making the concept much simpler. Rather than trying to make his observation fit the old theory, he introduced a new, different theory, thus initiating the Scientific Revolution.
20 Notes Advances in astronomy 1543 – book contradicts Greek authority Book started the Scientific RevolutionWritten by Nicolaus CopernicusOn the Revolution of the Celestial SpheresEarth center of universe, not sunWent against Ptolemy (Greek astronomer)New, different theory credited with starting Scientific Revolution
22 Outlining A. Nicolaus Copernicus I. Advances in AstronomyA. Nicolaus CopernicusWrote a book, On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres, which contradicted Ptolemy’s theory of the earth as the center of the universe.His theory proposed the sun as the center of the universe, with the planets, including earth, orbiting around it.3. His different theory initiated the Scientific Revolution
24 ParaphrasingUntil 1543, people still accepted the Greek astronomer’s, Ptolemy’s, explanation of the movement of planets and the sun. Nicolaus Copernicus, though, changed that with the introduction of his book On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres. Rather than the earth as the center of the universe, as previously believed, Copernicus proposed the sun as the center. Not only did this new and different theory start advances in astronomy, it founded the Scientific Revolution.
26 SummarizingAdvances in astronomy began in 1543 with a book, On the Revolution of the Celestial Spheres by Nicholas Copernicus, which contradicted Greek authority, primarily Ptolemy, placing the sun at the center of the universe rather than the earth, thus launching the Scientific Revolution.