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© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 Achievement for All (AfA) Strand 2 Training The Structured Conversation
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 2 Aims of the workshop To understand the purpose and nature of the structured conversation. To consider the basic skills of conducting a structured conversation. To consider some tools for setting objectives and overcoming obstacles. To share ways of communicating with harder to reach parents. To prepare participants to train others in the structured conversation framework.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 3 Achievement for All – What is it? 2 year innovative action research pilot project with 10 LAs and 460 schools. Commitment from Childrens Plan - £31m funding. Targets pupils with SEND in Y1, Y5, Y7, Y10. Builds on good practice – Making Good Progress; Assessment for Learning; Assessing Pupil Progress; Quality First Teaching and Personalised Learning. Enables schools and LAs to reflect on existing strategies that are effective and provide capacity to strengthen provision.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 4 Aims of AfA To improve the achievement and progress of children and young people with SEND. To improve the engagement of parents of children and young people with SEND with their school. To improve the wider outcomes for children and young people with SEND.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 5 The 3 strands of AfA
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 6 Why the need for a structured conversation? Harris & Goodall Parents: Do They Matter? (2007) found parental engagement is critical to the childs achievement. Brian Lambs Inquiry (2009) reported: What has struck us quite forcibly is that it seems no one has had a discussion with parents about the outcomes they aspire to for their child.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 7 Aims of the structured conversation The structured conversation is intended to facilitate a relationship that develops around the shared purpose of improving the educational achievement of young people with SEND; this will allow the free exchange of information and views; the evolution of supportive teaching and learning strategies and clarity of learning objectives.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 8 Benefits of the structured conversation Establishes an effective relationship. Parents can express their aspirations. Teacher and parent can share concerns. They can set clear targets and decide on how to achieve them. Clarifies responsibilities of all parties.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 9 Difficulties with the structured conversation Parents may have personal reasons for not engaging. Parents may have lower expectations and aspirations for their child. The significant adult may not be a parent, but a carer or a residential social worker.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 10 Ground rules for structured conversation training Participate. Be genuine. Be open. Be constructive.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 11 Negotiating a contract The contract is a concise verbal statement about the purpose of the conversation and a request for the other persons view of that purpose or for what they want from the meeting. For example, Id like to find out as much as possible about Hannah and what you think we can do to help improve her maths. We have about thirty minutes. Is that ok with you?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 12 Giving feedback Feedback should be tentative, constructive, balanced and behavioural. Feedback should be given in a way so that: The person understands it. The person accepts it. The person can do something about it. Expressed as your opinion – not fact.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 13 Receiving feedback Try to see feedback as potentially useful. Separate what is said from your reaction. Check your understanding. Ask for clarification, examples, detail. Notice if you tend to discount positive feedback. Why are people more likely to recall negative than positive feedback?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 14 Framework for the structured conversation
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 15 The Structured Conversation Stage 1: Exploring
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 16 Exploring stage: attending Attending is about giving the right non-verbal messages, using open body language and maintaining good eye contact. Its also about asking the right kinds of questions with a tentative tone, questions around the parents aspirations, the childs needs, whats been tried before, what barriers there are to achievement.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 17 Exploring stage: attending exercise Working in triads, one person talks about a low level issue for two minutes. The other person must demonstrate clearly that she/he is paying no attention to what is being said. This should be done, however, without leaving her/his seat. After two minutes stop. The observer reports back on what the listener did in order to not pay attention, and what impact this had. Switch roles.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 18 Exploring stage: paraphrasing A paraphrase is an attempt to restate in a fresh way the main part of what someone has said without adding any of your own ideas, feelings, interpretations etc. The tone is tentative and slightly questioning. Its powerful because it is the main way in which empathy is communicated and because it clears up miscommunications.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 19 Exploring stage: paraphrasing exercise (1) In triads, A talks for 2 minutes on a given subject, such as what I would like to be doing in five years time or my worst lesson. B listens and attends then, at the end, attempts to paraphrase what A said in a few sentences. C feeds back on what was effective in the paraphrase and non-verbal communication.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 20 Exploring stage: paraphrasing exercise (2) In triads, talk about the topic of the book (or film) that has had most influence on me. Each person takes turns to speak and listen for 3 – 5 minutes. During this period, the listener should attempt to paraphrase three or four times, maintaining a conversational rhythm as far as possible, avoiding long silences or long periods in which the speaker speaks uninterruptedly.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 21 Framework for the structured conversation
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 22 The Structured Conversation Stage 2: Focusing
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 23 Focusing stage: summarising Summaries draw themes and points together and give some `shape to an interview. They are most useful when a conversation is becoming repetitive, meandering or confused. A variation called Choice Point is useful when a parent raises several topics for discussion. The teacher summarises and then adds something like Which would you like to take first?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 24 Focusing stage: summarising exercise A is asked to talk about an aspect of his/her life that they wish they could change. B listens carefully, attending and paraphrasing at regular intervals. After around 5 minutes, B should summarise what has been said, trying to identify clearly each issue that A has introduced. A continues to speak. C gives feedback to B, carefully noting the impact of paraphrase, summary and choice point.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 25 Focusing stage: summarising example You have talked about the influence your aunt had in your choice to become a teacher, and you have mentioned the fact that you didnt enjoy school yourself, driving you to try and teach better than the teachers you had. Also, I think you discovered at University how much you enjoyed drama and performance, and the links you saw with class teaching. Which of these had the most impact on your decision to teach?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 26 Focusing stage: questioning Questions can destroy or illuminate the tone of a conversation. Helpful questions are those which help a parent clarify or see a new possibility. What do questions do? What is the value of questions? What are their limitations?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 27 The Miracle Question If a miracle occurred overnight and when you woke your problem was solved, how would you know? How would things be different? What would you notice? What would someone close to you notice? …phrased so as to elicit a positive answer.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 28 Focusing stage: questioning exercise In triads, work through an interview on the subject of Running my own training session on the structured conversation, and then ask the Miracle Question. I think of all the things I talked about, I am most worried that I wont have enough background knowledge to respond to some of the trainees questions. And suppose that overnight that worry disappeared. When you woke up, how would things be different? Well, I would feel confident about the course. I would know more about paraphrasing and the general skills. I wouldnt feel frightened of being found out.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 29 Framework for the structured conversation
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 30 The Structured Conversation Stage 3: Planning
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 31 Planning stage: goals Clear goals need to be established taking into account: –What came out of the miracle question? –The teachers knowledge of the child. Commitment needs to be established: –Benefits of achieving the goal. –How much do we want this?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 32 Planning stage: giving information Establishing goals and targets may involve giving parents information. Giving information is different from giving advice. Complex information is more likely to be remembered if you: use simple words and short sentences, categorise (e.g. there are three points here), avoid jargon, check understanding.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 33 Planning stage: giving information example Hayley is actually making good progress; and is very close to achieving the two levels you are speaking of. If we can agree what needs to be done to support her to achieve just a little more, she can make the two levels.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 34 Planning stage: setting goals and targets Start with the prediction and then consider all the other factors in order to determine an appropriate challenge. Target = prediction + challenge The teacher and parents need to consider what else is known about the pupil that might impact on progress in order to agree an appropriate degree of challenge.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 35 Planning stage: setting goals exercise In triads, A relates to B an area in which they would like to achieve. C observes. B summarises, helps A to identify a specific target towards that goal and invites them to list the reasons why they would like to achieve it. Exchange roles.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 36 Planning stage: the GROW Model Goal: What do you want achieve? Reality:Whats happening now? Options:What could you do? Way Forward:What will you do?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 37 Framework for the structured conversation
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 38 The Structured Conversation Stage 4: Reviewing
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 39 Review stage: summarising It is important that the Review stage includes a written record of what has been discussed/agreed. Summary of areas discussed, important issues, goals and plans put in place. Summary should be concise, in writing, comprehensible to parent and colleagues (limited jargon). Invite parents to check their understanding. Sets clear line of future communication, for example: regular meetings, a person the parent can contact, the date of the next structured conversation.
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 40 Reflecting on the conversation Did I: Plan the structure of the conversation? Ensure the environment was conducive? Clear my mind? Overuse or neglect any key skills? How did it impact on the parent? What did it achieve? What are the implications for the future?
© Crown copyright 200901056-2009PPT-EN-01 41 Questions and closing discussion A lot of ground covered. Best way to acquire and retain skills and knowledge is to practice. Your objectives and expectations – were they met? Thank you very much.
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