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Reproduction & genetics Donald Winslow 16 September 2010 Readings from Hoefnagels Biology, McGraw-Hill, New York. Ch. 8 pp (cell cycle & mitosis) Ch. 9 pp (meiosis & sex) Ch. 10 pp (Mendelian genetics)
Reproduction Cellular reproduction Somatic Genome, genes in DNA in nucleus Cell cycle G 1, S, G 2, Mitosis Gametic Meiosis Organismal reproduction
The cell cycle G1G1 S G2G2 M
Organismal reproduction Types of reproduction Asexual Sexual Life cycles Genetics Costs of sexual reproduction Advantages of sexual recombination
Types of reproduction Asexual cloning binary fission budding Ameiotic & meiotic parthenogenesis sexual dioecy (separate sexes) monoecy (hermaphroditism)
Figure 7.1 From Hickman et al (13 th ed.)
Generalized sexual lifecycle femalemale Ovum sperm (gametes, 1N) meiosis 2N fertilization zygote (2N) embryo development
Genetics Gregor Mendel Alleles, genes, and genomes Genotype & phenotype Dominance relations among alleles Monohybrid & dihybrid crosses Segregation & independent assortment Human blood groups
Reproduction General Zoology LS February 2011 Following Hickman et al Integrated Principles of Zoology, 15 th ed., McGraw-Hill, NY. Ch. 7.
Genetic analysis Donald Winslow 25 February 2011 Green peas from Donalds garden.
Mendels Laws of Heredity Why we look the way we look...
Heredity Asexual & Sexual Reproduction RNA & DNA Mitosis & Meiosis Genetics.
GENETICS A Conceptual Approach FOURTH EDITION GENETICS A Conceptual Approach FOURTH EDITION Benjamin A. Pierce © 2012 W. H. Freeman and Company CHAPTER.
Bacteria cells reproduce differently from other single celled organisms. What form of asexual reproduction do they use? a. binary fission b. budding c.
Click on a lesson name to select. Section 1: Meiosis Section 2: Mendelian Genetics Section 3: Gene Linkage and Polyploidy Chapter 10 Sexual Reproduction.
MITOSIS where in cells is the genetic material? are chromosomes in nucleus genetic material? even though they divide all cells have the same number of.
The Cell Cycle The cell cycle. Image from Purves et al., Life: The Science of Biology, 4th Edition, by Sinauer Associates (www.sinauer.com) and WH Freeman.
Study Guide BIOLOGY GENETIC I. Central Idea 1: Living systems reflect a hierarchy of levels of organization. This is described in the following flow chart:
Reproduction in living organisms (other organisms … not you) (that topic is covered in health class)
GENETICS Ch. 11. Gregor Mendel Genetics is the study of heredity. Genetics is the study of heredity. Gregor Mendel (1860s) discovered the fundamental.
Chapter 13 Meiosis And Sexual Life Cycle. An Introduction to Heredity Heredity: the transition of traits from one generation to the next Along w/ similarities,
MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL LIFE CHANGES. YOU MUST KNOW… THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ASEXUAL AND SEXUAL REPRODUCTION THE ROLE OF MEIOSIS AND FERTILIZATION IN SEXUALLY.
Heredity LN #18 California Content Standard Genetics 2g. Students know how to predict possible combinations of alleles in a zygote from the genetic makeup.
DNA Structure and Function Basis of Heredity. Chemical Basis of Life.
WARM-UP#7 1.What type of cell division is the diagram above? 2.What phase of cell division the arrow pointing to?
4 Chapter 14~ Mendel & The Gene Idea. Mendelian genetics 4 Character (heritable feature, i.e., fur color) 4 Trait (variant for a character, i.e., brown)
Meiosis and Reproduction. Types of Reproduction Asexual Reproduction – production of offspring that requires only one parent; all the genetic materials.
Genetics. Gregor Mendel Father of Genetics published findings on plant breeding and inheritance (During American Civil War) Not discovered.
Genetics. Gregor Mendel Father of Genetics published findings on plant breeding and inheritance (During American Civil War) Not discovered until.
10-1 Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 10 Lecture Outline See PowerPoint Image Slides.
Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance BIOLOGY. Gregor Mendel ( ) Austrian monk who formulated fundamental laws of heredity in early 1860s. –Studied.
Albia Dugger Miami Dade College Chapter 12 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction.
Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display The genetics of triploidy Slide number 1 Meiosis II.
Cell Reproduction Part 1 1. What class of cells is reproduced during mitosis? Germ cells Somatic cells Gametes Haploid cells.
Lecture 38 Prof Duncan Shaw. Chromosomes and karyotypes Chromosomes are easily prepared from blood (and other) cells, and examined by microscope - a karyotype.
Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles. Inheritance/Heredity When traits are passed down from one generation to the next, we say they are inherited.
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