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Animal Ecology Donald Winslow, Zoology 26 January 2011
Ecology (Ernst Haeckel) An organism’s relationship to its biotic and abiotic environment. Ecologists study factors that affect spatial distribution and abundance of organisms.
Biological hierarchy Cell Tissue Organ Organ system Organism Population Community Nine-banded armadillo
Ecological hierarchy Organism Population Community Ecosystem Landscape Biome Biosphere Agricultural corridor within forested landscape in southern Indiana.
A population American coots (Fulica americana) at Lake Thunderbird. Photo by Zac Ottis
A community Ruddy Ducks and Eared Grebes at Great Salt Plains Lake
Coast Live Oak forest at Camp San Luis Obispo, California An ecosystem (biotic and abiotic components interacting)
A landscape Coastal oak woodland and chaparral at Camp San Luis Obispo in California
A biome Sonoran desert near Phoenix, Arizona
Broad fields in ecology Physiological ecology Population ecology Community ecology Ecosystem ecology Landscape ecology Biogeography
Physiological ecology Energy budgets Endothermy Metabolic thermoregulation (bird or mammal) Ectothermy Behavioral thermoregulation (e.g. reptile)
Population ecology Demes and metapopulations Demographic parameters Population dynamics and regulation Role of resources Metapopulation dynamics sources & sinks
A metapopulation Source Sink
Demographic parameters Population abundance and density Age structure Sex ratio Growth rate Survivorship
Age structures of human populations in Afghanistan and Belgium From Hickman, et al Integrated Principles of Zoology, 13 th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Exponential and logistic models of population growth From Hickman, et al Integrated Principles of Zoology, 13 th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Community ecology Species interactions Competition Niche, tolerance ranges, habitat Predation & parasitism Models & mimics Keystone species—starfish & mussels Species diversity
Ecosystem ecology Gross and net productivity Trophic levels and food webs Producers, consumers, decomposers
Biology 3A – Ecosystems – background. Terminology Pyramids Food chains Food webs Field work Sustainability Diversity Flexibility Matter cycles Energy.
Biotic Factors: The living parts of an ecosystem..
POPULATION ECOLOGY. CONCEPT 52.2 INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ORGANISMS AND THE ENVIRONMENT LIMIT THE DISTRIBUTION OF SPECIES.
Life Science Ecology & the Environment. Ecology Study of the interactions that take place among organisms and their environment.
Chapter 6 The Human Population and Its Impact. Case Study New England Forests Come Full Circle 1.Describe the temperate forest as seen by the Pilgrims.
Biology AHSGE Standard V- Biosphere Organization.
ECOLOGY The study of interactions of organisms and their environment.
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Chapter Presentation TransparenciesStandardized Test Prep Visual.
PAP Bio 8/31-9/4 Dont forget to do you jobs!!!!! WU Biosphere PowerPoint Study and work on objectives HW: No change in tb reading and assigned SG pgs Computer/copier.
Ecosystems and Energy Chapter 3. What is Ecology? Ecology – study of the interactions among organisms and between organisms (biotic) and their abiotic.
Principles of Ecology Chapter 2.1 Biotic & Abiotic Factors Biotic = Living organisms Abiotic = Nonliving Soil,Air,Water Substrate.
EcologyEcology: the study of interactions that take place between organisms and their environment Ecology.
Levels of Organization in Ecology What is the correct level of organization (think back to the card activity from our previous class)? atom molecule.
What Shapes an Ecosystem?. Biotic Factors – living/biological influences on organisms within an ecosystem. –Examples? Abiotic Factors – physical/non-living.
Interactions of Living Things Guided Notes Food Chains, Food Webs, and the Transfer of Energy.
What is Ecology? Ecology Definition - the study of interactions among organisms and between organisms in their environment.
Ecology Study of interactions between organisms and their environments.
Ecology Unit Modified by Beth Roland Jacobs Fork Middle School.
Chapter 2 Principles of Ecology You will learn: 1. What an ecologist does. 2. Some important aspects of an organisms environment. 3.Trace the flow of energy.
1.A 2.B 3.C 4.D CDQ 1 A. A lot B. Some C. A little D. Not at all Principles of Ecology How much have I studied?
Ecology Definition: the scientific study of interactions among organisms and their environment –Branch of biology that was developed from natural history.
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu UNIT ONE: General Ecology and Population Part 1: Content Food Chains,
POPULATION ECOLOGY. YOU MUST KNOW… HOW DENSITY, DISPERSION, AND DEMOGRAPHICS CAN DESCRIBE A POPULATION THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN EXPONENTIAL AND LOGISTIC.
Ecology Note Card Challenge Who has many individuals of the same species living in the same area? I have ECOLOGY.
What is Ecology?. * Ecology is the study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment.
I. Niche Describes what an organism does and how it interacts with the biotic and abiotic factors of its environment. Describes what an organism does.
Take Practice Test: On a separate sheet of paper write down numbers through 40. Indicate which ones you got correct with + or -. Use the.
THE BIOSPHERE Ch. 3 p What is Ecology? Study of interactions between organisms and between organisms and their environment. Study of interactions.
Chapter 4: Ecosystems, Ecology, and Food Webs Doug Friedman, Jane Beiner, Shayna Benavidez.
Unit 2 – Ecological Organization Important introductory terminology (Levels of Organization): organism organism - An individual living thing, ex: frog,
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