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Animal Ecology Donald Winslow, Zoology 26 January 2011
Ecology (Ernst Haeckel) An organism’s relationship to its biotic and abiotic environment. Ecologists study factors that affect spatial distribution and abundance of organisms.
Biological hierarchy Cell Tissue Organ Organ system Organism Population Community Nine-banded armadillo
Ecological hierarchy Organism Population Community Ecosystem Landscape Biome Biosphere Agricultural corridor within forested landscape in southern Indiana.
A population American coots (Fulica americana) at Lake Thunderbird. Photo by Zac Ottis
A community Ruddy Ducks and Eared Grebes at Great Salt Plains Lake
Coast Live Oak forest at Camp San Luis Obispo, California An ecosystem (biotic and abiotic components interacting)
A landscape Coastal oak woodland and chaparral at Camp San Luis Obispo in California
A biome Sonoran desert near Phoenix, Arizona
Broad fields in ecology Physiological ecology Population ecology Community ecology Ecosystem ecology Landscape ecology Biogeography
Physiological ecology Energy budgets Endothermy Metabolic thermoregulation (bird or mammal) Ectothermy Behavioral thermoregulation (e.g. reptile)
Population ecology Demes and metapopulations Demographic parameters Population dynamics and regulation Role of resources Metapopulation dynamics sources & sinks
A metapopulation Source Sink
Demographic parameters Population abundance and density Age structure Sex ratio Growth rate Survivorship
Age structures of human populations in Afghanistan and Belgium From Hickman, et al Integrated Principles of Zoology, 13 th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Exponential and logistic models of population growth From Hickman, et al Integrated Principles of Zoology, 13 th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Community ecology Species interactions Competition Niche, tolerance ranges, habitat Predation & parasitism Models & mimics Keystone species—starfish & mussels Species diversity
Ecosystem ecology Gross and net productivity Trophic levels and food webs Producers, consumers, decomposers
Animal Ecology & Conservation Donald Winslow, Zoology 25 January 2008.
Ecology Lesson 9.1. Lesson Objectives Distinguish between abiotic and biotic factors. Describe ecological levels of organization in the biosphere. Define.
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Ecology Study of the relationships between organisms and their environments Study of the relationships between organisms and their environments Their interactions.
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Ecology and the Biosphere. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and the environment. Ecology and the Biosphere.
POPULATION ECOLOGY. ECOLOGY Study of living organisms as groups Interactions between living organisms (predator-prey, parasitism etc) Interactions between.
Ecology Review for test. Ecology review What is ecology? It is the study of the biosphere. The biosphere is any place that supports life.
Ecological Principles Part I PaCES/HIMB Summer Program in Environmental Science David A. Krupp, Ph.D PaCES/HIMB Summer Program in Environmental Science.
Biodiversity The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole).
Food Chains And Food Webs Principles of Ecology KEY CONCEPT Ecology is the study of the relationships among organisms and their environment.
Ecology Class Notes 2. A. What is Ecology? 1. Ecology is the way organisms (living things) interact with their environments (surroundings). 2. The.
Chapter 50: An Introduction to Ecology and the Biosphere.
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ORGANIZATION IN THE BIOSPHERE. LIVING THINGS, AS WE KNOW THEM, ARE CONFINED TO A SPECIFIC AREA OF EARTH THAT WE CALL… THE BIOSPHERE !!
Introduction to NRCM and Ecology: Main Points 1. Describe the major views or approaches to NRCM 2. Explain the role ecology plays in the management of.
Ecology notes. Ecology – study of how organisms interact with their physical and biological environments and how those influence the distribution and.
O RGANISMS AND THEIR R ELATIONSHIPS. Ecology The study of relationships between living organisms and the interaction they have with their environments.
1 Habitat & Niche Habitat is the place a plant or animal lives Habitat is the place a plant or animal lives Niche is an organism’s total way of life Niche.
ECOLOGY. What is Ecology? Ecology is the scientific study of the relationship between organisms and their environment Ecologists study these relationships.
ECOLOGY (Ch ) 1 Species dispersal and distribution Why is species X absent from an area? Does dispersal limit its distribution? Does behavior.
Ecological Principles Mr. Skirbst Life Science Topic 18.
Ecology. What is Ecology? The scientific study of organisms & how they interact with their environment.
Objectives: 1. Explain the difference between abiotic and biotic factors. 2. Describe the levels of biological organization 3. Differentiate between an.
1. The study of interactions that take place between organisms and their environment. It explains how living organisms affect each other and the world.
What Is Life? 8 Life Characteristics ______________________________________________________.
UNIT VOCABULARY & NOTES Stability and Change. Ecological succession (succession) Process in which communities of plant and animal species in a particular.
1 Ecology Introduction. 2 What is Ecology? “eco” means “house” (greek) Ecology is the study of interactions that take place between organisms and their.
Ecology. Ecology Introduction What is Ecology? What is Ecology? What is an abiotic factor? What is an abiotic factor? What provides energy to most environments?
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1. Population and community ecology 2 © Zanichelli editore 2015.
AP Biology Population Ecology population ecosystem community biosphere organism.
Ecology Study of organisms and their interaction with each other and the environment.
Ecology and Food CENV 110. Topics Ecology: what is it? The difference between ecology and the environment Elements of ecology The balance of nature Food.
Topic 6 vocab Quiz. 1. number of different types of organisms in an area Carrying capacity Decomposer Ecological niche Ecological succession Ecology Ecosystem.
I have… organisms Who has… All living and nonliving things in an area that interact with each other? I have… ecosystem Who has… A nonliving part of an.
AP biology review for AP exam first 6 quiz topics.
Ecology Review. After a volcano erupts, what organisms (in which order) will grow during succession? First lichens and grasses, then small shrubs and.
Ecology. Driving Questions 1)Define Ecology. 2)Differentiate between biotic and abiotic factors and give examples of each. 3)What is an ecosystem? Give.
Biotic and Abiotic Factors in Ecosystems Unit A: Sustainability of Ecosystems.
Competition – two species share a requirement for a limited resource reduces fitness of one or both species.
Intro to Ecology. Ecology scientific study of the interactions between organisms and the environment interactions determine distribution of organisms.
What is Ecology?. Ecology is the study of the interactions of living organisms with one another and with their environment.
Ecological Interactions 8.L.3.2 – Summarize the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers including the positive and negative consequences.
ECOLOGY!. What is Ecology? - study of the interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment. Some Vocabulary Review!
Ecosystems: Components, Energy Flow, and Matter Cycling Key Components Ecological Structure Basic Components of the Ecosystem Matter Cycles and Energy.
Ecological Principles for Natural Resource Management Objectives –Basic ecological principles that are important for understanding natural resources and.
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