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Grade 2 Training 29 th October 2008 © RamSoc 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Grade 2 Training 29 th October 2008 © RamSoc 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grade 2 Training 29 th October 2008 © RamSoc 2008

2 Course Content Leadership and group management Outdoor safety management Accident management Advanced navigation

3 Leadership & Group Management

4 Leadership The group should be “helped to lead itself as far as it is judged capable of safely doing so.” Eric Langmuir

5 Leadership Responsibilities Duty of Care Who do you have responsibilities to?  RamSoc  The Group  Group Members  Yourself  The Public  The Environment

6 Leadership Roles Guide Motivator Organiser/co-ordinator Standard setter Psychologist Decision maker Disciplinarian Educator Protector Friend

7 Leaderships Skills Hard Skills  Practical activity specific skills that are easiest learned by being taught Soft Skills  Transferable skills from other walks of life. To do with people and interactions – ie based on experience and not easily taught

8 Leadership Styles & Decision Making Authority (Dictatorship)‏ Consensus Vote

9 Conflict Management Causes Avoidance Resolution

10 Scenarios

11 Outdoor Safety Management

12 Grade 1 vs Grade 2 Grade 1  Low level mostly White Peak walks, never very remote, mostly paths and lanes, relatively flat  e.g. Manifold Valley, Dovedale, Monsal Dale, Bakewell, Sherwood Grade 2  Medium level, between 1200 & 2200ft above sea level. Mostly Dark Peak, with less navigational features and fewer options for escape  e.g. Kinder, Bleaklow, Roaches, Edges, Ladybower, Castleton

13 Grade 1

14 Grade 2

15 Grade 3

16 Accident Potential Hazard  Something with the potential to cause an incident Accident Potential  No. of human hazards multiplied by no. of environmental hazards

17 Human & Environmental Hazards Human  Participants  Leaders  Group Relationships Environmental  Terrain and location  Weather and season  Activity and equipment

18 Equipment Walk Grading Table

19 Accident Management

20 Leadership Style Authoritarian or Authoritarian or Authoritarian, or if you prefer Authoritarian

21 Accident & Evacuation Flowcharts Accident Flowchart Evacuation Flowchart

22 Hypothermia See core body OHT

23 Symptoms Shivering, cold skin, blue lips, erratic or lethargic behaviour, slowing down, loss of vision (serious), stopping shivering (serious), personality changes (umbles)‏

24 Treatment Needs to be prompt Shelter Rewarming If condition worsens, GET HELP Remember when one group member has hypothermia the rest will follow

25 Hyperthermia Heat exhaustion Heat stroke (more serious)‏

26 Symptoms Heat exhaustion  Loss of energy, nausea, thirst, light-headedness, increased pulse. Skin still moist Heat stroke  No sweat, high temperature, unconsciousness, confusion – many symptoms similar to hypothermia

27 Treatment Avoidance is key  Keep well hydrated  Wear loose, light clothing  Suncream, sunhat Rehydration

28 Emergency Scenarios

29 Emergency Procedures Mountaineering ethos of self-sufficiency Club calls out Mountain Rescue after 1hr + 10mins for every hr of expected walking time Rescue organised by the POLICE

30 Advanced Navigation

31 Advanced Nav. Topics Pacing Grid References Fine Navigation Contours and slope Relocation Route planning Other navigational aids

32 Naismith's Rule and Derivatives 15min kilometre + 1min per 10 metres ascent  Lots of problems Pacing

33 8 figure GR Use a pair of letters to denote 100km square which the 6 figure Grid Reference is in

34 Handrails Following a line feature like a fence, wall or stream to your destination

35 Attack Points A large well defined feature near to your destination which you can find easily enabling you to find your destination

36 Aiming Off If you're aiming for a specific point on a line feature, e.g. a path junction, aiming one side or other so that you know which way to turn when you reach the feature

37 Catching Features A clear feature which will catch you, letting you know that you've strayed

38 Leapfrogging Difficult to explain  See demonstration

39 Contours Steepness  See Langmuir table Slope aspect Contouring vs direct route

40 Relocation Resection / backbearings Search techniques

41 Route Choice Human and environmental hazards

42 Other Navigational Aids GPS Altimeter

43 Any Questions?


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