Presentation on theme: "The Rock and Fossil Record"— Presentation transcript:
1The Rock and Fossil Record Chapter 15The Rock and Fossil Record
2Choose the right answer! Which Process is responsible for increasing dissolved carbon dioxide levels in the oceans?A. RespirationB. PhotosynthesisC. UpwellingD. Preserving EstuariesIn what pH range are most aquatic organisms most likely to remain healthy?A to 4.0B to 5.0C to 8.5D to 10.5
3A. The water is more acidic than normal. A farmer observes that a nearby pond has an overgrowth of algae. Which condition is most likely to be present in the pond.A. The water is more acidic than normal.B. The water contains increased levels of fertilizers and other nutrientsC. The water has low turbidityD. The water has a low nitrate level.What is the main point of water quality standards set by states and the federal government?A. To make sure water remains clean and safe for useB. To create new bodies of water from wastewaterC. To reduce the number of oil spills from tankersD. To ensure that all wastewater undergoes the same treatment process
4Earth’s Story How do mountains form? How is new rock formed? 250 years ago these questions were being asked and researched.
5James Hutton Theory of the Earth The key to understanding Earth’s history is all around us…Uniformitarianism-the same geologic processes shaping the Earth today have been at work throughout Earth’s history
6Uniformitarianism vs. Catastrophism Geologic processes take millions of years.Catastrophism-principle that states that all geologic change occurs suddenly.Catastrophes?
7Charles Lyell Principles of Geology (1830-1833) Challenged the principles of catastrophismGeologic change happens gradually.
8Modern Geology Geology through a happy medium Evidence through craters and recreations
9Paleontology The study of past life Use of fossils as data collection Invertebrate PaleontologistPaleobotanist
10Letter to a ScientistWrite a letter to Charles Lyell, James Hutton or Stephen GouldBriefly explain the position of each scientist in reference to GeologyYou should explain why you agree or disagree with the scientist’s theories.See pagesConclude your letter with at least two questions.
11Your Goal Working with a partner; Design a poster announcing a debate betweenCatastrophistUniformitarianUse phrases and picturesSummarize the major points of both sides