Presentation on theme: "THE CITY OF TOMORROW AND CULTURAL HERITAGE"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE CITY OF TOMORROW AND CULTURAL HERITAGE Workshop “Good Practice Towards Integration”, Brussels 15 December 1999David MILESEUROPEAN COMMISSIONDirectorate D.I - Preserving the EcosystemTel: +32/2/ Fax: +32/2/
2 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage 1st Call for Proposals1999
3 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage Summary of 1st call 1999 Available Budget : EUROVery good response137 proposals (requesting EURO)21 “GO” proposals (requesting EURO, of which 18% destined for SMEs), good coverage of MS and candidate countries
4 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage Results of First Call : Selected Projects All sub-themes covered. Substantial socio-economic relevance and content. Potential policy contribution.Proposals in (Cultural Heritage), (Built Environment) and (Sustainable Urban Transport) very goodProposals in (Governance and Decision Making) of value but need clustering to bring out holistic approach to urban governance
5 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage Number of partners in First Call Selected Projects
6 Benefits of networking and clustering widening scope of individual projectsbetter consistency & co-ordination between projects, researchers and stakeholdersincreased awareness of technology trendsenlarging RTD towards integrated solutions and improved exploitation of strategic RTDstrengthening RTD infrastructure through foresight analysis, & access to research facilitiescontributing to focus and concentration
7 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage First Call Results : Clustering Clustering could help in the formation of a coherent research community relating to urban governance and decision making.Only networks and concerted actions were open in the first call; additional clustering was not seen as appropriate.There would be merits in linking the two networks which were seen as complementary.There would be merits in clustering proposals around “sustainable transport through integration with land use planning”.At this stage, clustering should be seen as exploratory and should only proceed when mutual interest is established. Coordination rather than clustering is the most appropriate means of linking with other Key Actions.
8 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage “No Go” ANALYSIS
9 Messages for potential proposers based on experience of the first evaluation Present the objectives and the potential results in the context of the work programme. Explain why the proposed approach is the best way of meeting the objectives. Describe the methodology showing how the results would be obtained. Justify claims for socio-economic impacts.All levels (researchers, end users, public authorities etc.) of stakeholders should be involved in the research.The state of the art must be described (a description is of much more value than a list of references!).The approach to be followed must be sufficient to convince the evaluators of its credibilityAsk somebody not involved to critically evaluate the draft proposal.7
10 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage Second Call for Proposers :Opens 18 November 1999Closes 15 February 2000Budget approx. 40 Million EUROPre-proposal check from 18 November 1999 to 15 January 2000
11 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage Sub-themes open in 2nd Call :4.1.2 Improving the quality of urban life4.1.3 Waste reduction and its life cycle managementEconomic development, competitiveness and employment4.2.1 Improved damage assessment on cultural heritage4.2.2 Development of innovative conservation strategies:4.2.3 Foster integration of cultural heritage in the urban setting.4.3.1 Revitalisation of city centres and neighbourhoods4.4.2 Comparative assessment and demonstration of new transport technologies and related infrastructure.
12 New challenges Unemployment (18 million in Europe) Quality of life (health, environment)Sustainable developmentGrowing competitionEthical and social consequences of increased knowledgeGlobalisation of economic activity
13 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage Evaluation criteriaThresholds for each step :Scientific Quality and InnovationCommunity added value and contribution to EU policies;Contributions to Community Social Objectives;Economic development and S&T prospects.Research, Partnerships and Management
14 A simplified structure Thematic ProgrammesKey ActionsGeneric technologies Research infrastructureKey ActionsGeneric technologies Research infrastructureKey ActionsGeneric technologies Research infrastructureKey ActionsGeneric technologies Research infrastructureQuality of lifeInformation SocietyGrowthEnergy, Envir. andSust. Dev.Horizontal ProgrammesCoordi- Specific nation ActionsCoordi- Specific nation ActionsCoordi- Specific nation ActionsInternational RoleInnovation and SMEsHuman Potential
15 1. Quality of life and living resources Food, nutrition and healthControl of infectious illnessesThe “cell factory”Environment and healthSustainable agriculture, fishing and forestry, and the integrated development of rural regionsThe ageing population
16 2. Creating a user-friendly information society Systems and services for the citizenNew working methods and electronic tradeMultimedia contents and the toolsEssential technologies and infrastructures
17 3. Promoting competitive and sustainable growth Innovative products, methods and organisationSustainable mobility and intermodalityLand transport and marine technologiesNew perspectives in aeronauticsAlso :Generic activities on materials and standards, measurement and testing
18 4. Energy, environment and sustainable development Environment: Million EUROSustainable management and quality of water 254Global change, climate and biodiversity 301Sustainable marine ecosystems 170The city of tomorrow and cultural heritage 170Energy:Cleaner energy systems, including renewables 479Economic and efficient energy 547Activities of a Generic Nature:Fight against natural and technological hazards; and socio-economic aspects of environmental change
20 The overall goal is to support sustainable economic development and competitiveness, improved urban management and integrated planning policy, and help safeguard and improve the quality of life and cultural identity of citizens
21 The focus will be on the provision of an integrated socio-economic knowledge-base, and products, services, tools and technologies for better city management and on the environmental challenges, particularly in relation to reducing pollutant emissions
22 ApproachSocio-economic, environmental and technological including the development, integration, and demonstration of technologies, tools and methodologies to improve forecasting, monitoring and assessment and establishing best practiceEmphasis on increasing citizen and stakeholder participation in urban decision making and helping ensure the availability of reliable, efficient and affordable services for all urban citizens, including those with special needs
23 4 themes4.1 Sustainable city planning and rational resource management4.2 Protection, conservation and enhancement of European cultural heritage4.3 Development and demonstration of technologies for safe, economic, clean, effective and sustainable preservation, recovery, renovation, construction, dismantling and demolition of the built environment, in particular for large groups of buildings4.4 Comparative assessment and cost effective implementation of strategies for sustainable transport systems in an urban environment
24 4.1 Sustainable city planning and rational resource management 4.1.1 Improving urban governance and decision making instruments and best practices for effective sustainable city management (1st call)4.1.2 Improving the quality of urban life optimised methodologies and best practice for improving the quality of life (social, environment, housing, access to services) in urban areas (2nd)4.1.3 Waste reduction and its life cycle management reduction of volume, variety and hazardousness of solid waste requiring disposal (2nd)4.1.4 Economic development, competitiveness and employment best practices aimed at effective integration of technologies to improve job creation within the urban context (2nd)
25 4. 2. Protection, conservation and. enhancement of 4.2 Protection, conservation and enhancement of European cultural heritage4.2.1 Improved damage assessment on cultural heritage better prediction and prevention of environmental damage to cultural heritage and identification of pollution threshold levels (2nd call)4.2.2 Development of innovative conservation strategies tools for the sustainable management of cultural heritage (1st – networks & concerted actions only; 2nd)Foster integration of cultural heritage in the urban setting tools, methodologies and models to assist the decision making for sustainable exploitation and integration of cultural heritage in the urban development context (2nd)
26 4. 3. Development and demonstration of 4.3 Development and demonstration of technologies for safe, economic, clean, effective and sustainable preservation, recovery, renovation, construction, dismantling and demolition of the built environment, In particular for large groups of buildings4.3.1 Revitalisation of city centres and neighbourhoods a sustainable built environment achieved through: solving specific challenges not covered elsewhere and integrating activities aiming at: quantified goals for environmental (including energy, water and materials conservation and rehabilitation of contaminated land) and economic sustainability (reduced life cycle costs); enhancing social inclusion, indoor health, comfort, and accessibility; land use planning to minimise the overall demand on the transport system; mitigating risks associated with natural and man-made disasters (1st and 2nd calls)
27 4. 4. Comparative assessment and. cost effective implementation of 4.4 Comparative assessment and cost effective implementation of strategies for sustainable transport systems in an urban environment4.4.1 Strategic approaches and methodologies in urban planning towards sustainable urban transport planning tools, assessment methodologies and best practices aimed at managing transport demand through reducing individual motorised vehicle movements and encouraging greater use of collective and other sustainable transport modes (1st)4.4.2 Comparative assessment and demonstration of new transport technologies and related infrastructure concept simulation and evaluation of urban transport/transit means in a specific urban context (2nd)
28 City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIESExtracts from principal policies which set a research agenda
29 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (1) Treaty establishing the European Community (1998)Article 2.…to promote throughout the Community a harmonious, balanced and sustainable development of economic activities, a high level of employment and of social protection, equality between men and women, sustainable and non-inflationary growth, a high degree of competitiveness and convergence of economic performance, a high level of protection and improvement of the quality of the environment, the raising of the standard of living and quality of life, and economic and social cohesion and solidarity among Member States.Article 6.Environmental protection requirements must be integrated into the definition and implementation of the Community policies and activities referred to in Article 3, in particular with a view to promoting sustainable development.
30 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (2) Treaty establishing the European Community (1998)Article 151.…to contribute to the flowering of the cultures of the Member States, while respecting their national and regional diversity and, at the same time bringing the common cultural heritage to the fore.The Community shall take cultural aspects into account in its action under other provisions of this Treaty (e.g. Research)
31 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (3) Treaty establishing the European Community (1998)Article 157.…ensure that the conditions necessary for the competitiveness of theCommunity’s industry existthroughspeeding up the adjustment of industry to structural changes;encouraging an environment favourable to initiative and to the development of undertakings throughout the Community, particularly SMEs;encouraging an environment favourable to cooperation between undertakings;fostering better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development.Article 163.… strengthening the scientific and technological bases of Community industry and encouraging it to become more competitive at international level...
32 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (4) Fifth Environmental Action Programme (OJ EC C )Linking environmental sustainability and the quality of urban lifethroughdeveloping a comprehensive approach for EU activities on urban issuespublic authorities in Member States providing data on urban environment issues on a comparable basis; work on the development of urban indicatorslocal authorities developing and implementing Local Agenda 21 initiatives
33 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (5) Sustainable Urban Development in the European Union: A Framework for Action COM (1998) 605 final ofStrengthen economic prosperity and employment in towns and citiesPromote equality, social inclusion and regeneration in urban areasProtect and improve the urban environment: towards local and global sustainabilityContribute to good urban governance and local empowermentthroughimprovement of know how and exchange of experience between the involved actors, essential contribution of FP5improve the economic vitality of cities by encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship, raising of productivity and exploitation of new sources of employment to promote a polycentric, balanced urban systemorganise access to the benefits of increased productivity and competitiveness, reduce social exclusion, improve safety,more environmental sustainable cities: avoid imposing costs of development to their immediate environment, surrounding rural areas, regions, the planet itself and future generationsencourage innovative and flexible decision making processes and urban institutions.
34 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (6) Sustainable Urban Development in the European Union: A Framework for Action [COM(98)605 final]affordable access to basic services, especially housing, education and training, health, energy, transport and communications, effective policing and justice.renovation of the housing stock, measures to reduce pollution and vandalism, and the protection and improvement of buildings and open spaces in run-down areas as well as the preservation of the cultural heritage.need to minimise and manage environmental risks such as those posed by landslides, subsidence, earthquakes and floods, as well as technological risks such as those associated with major industrial plants and nuclear power stations.resource efficiency (optimising the use of material inputs and non renewable natural resources per unit of output) and circularity (such as the recycling of materials, land and buildings) to reduce environmental impacts and make cost savings"
35 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (7) Protocol to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC), Kyoto on 11 December 1997Strengthens the commitments of industrialized countries by setting quantified emission limits for the period after 2000Reduction of the emission by 8% in the period , for CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6(cf levels)Climate Change - Towards an EU Post-Kyoto Strategy (COM(98)353) Communication to achieve the Kyoto commitmentsPreparing for Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol (COM(99)230) the implementation of the Kyoto commitments by the EU to ensure a speedy ratification of the Protocol
36 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (8) European Spatial Development Perspective (10 May 1999)economic and social cohesionconservation and management of natural resources and cultural heritagemore balanced competitiveness of the European territorythroughdevelopment of a balanced and polycentric urban systemcreation of a new rural-urban partnershipparity of access to infrastructure and knowledgeprudent management and sustainable development of the natural and cultural heritage
37 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (9) Community Action Plan in the field of Cultural Heritage (Council Decision - O.J. 94/C 235/01)Cultural Heritage as a priority field of action (includes both movable and fixed heritage)throughconservation and safeguarding of Cultural Heritage of European significancetaking Cultural Heritage into account in regional development and job creation; tourism and environment; research
38 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (10) Energy for the Future; Renewable Sources of Energy [COM (97)599 final]"In retrofitting as well as for new buildings, the total energy consumption in this sector could be reduced by 50% in the European Union by 2010 through integrating measures of rational use of energy (for the building envelope as well as for heating, lighting, ventilation and cooling) with the use of renewable energy technologies”.The Competitiveness of the Construction Industry [COM (97) 539 final]"To improve the quality in construction (...)quality will be a key element of sustainability, and in the long term the economic benefits will substantially outweigh the costs""progressive reorientation towards the goals of sustainable construction and renovation, and towards the satisfaction of basic and social needs will also contribute to increased competitiveness, while benefiting society as a whole."
39 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (11) Ambient air quality assessment and management (Council Directive - 96/62/EC)To define and establish objectives for ambient air qualityTo avoid, prevent or reduce harmful effects on human health and the environment as a wholeThrough“Levels” on concentration and/or deposition of pollutants (gases and particles)“Limit values” fixed on the basis of scientific knowledge for avoiding, preventing or reducing harmful effects on population, historic heritage …
40 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (12) Developing a Community approach on transport and CO2 (COM(98) 204 final)“...reduce CO2 emissions from passenger cars corresponding to an improvement in the average fuel economy of new cars in the market in the order of 30%”Measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles - Quality of fuels (Directives 98/69 and 98/70)“An adequate framework should be created as soon as possible to accelerate the introduction on the market of vehicles with innovative propulsion technologies and vehicles which use alternative fuels with a low environmental impact”
41 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (13) Developing the citizens’ network (COM(98) 431 final)“...support the role of local and regional passenger transport in contributing to economic development and employment, reducing congestion, using less energy, producing fewer pollutants, making less noise, reducing social exclusion and improving quality of life”Sustainable urban development in the EU : a framework for action (COM final)“ … promote transport strategies that reduce traffic congestion and will examine ways to improve the regulatory framework for domestic public transport”
42 RELEVANT EUROPEAN POLICIES (14) Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA Directive - 85/337/EEC and amended EIA Directive 97/11/EC)The EIA procedure ensures that environmental consequences of public and private projects (motorways, airports, urban development projects, car parks, tourism and leisure projects, railways, waste disposal, tradeports, etc.) are identified and assessed before local or national authorisation is giventhrough“case-by-case” examinations or by “thresholds or criteria set by the Member States”. In both cases, the criteria should refer tocharacteristics of the projects (size, risks, etc.)location of the project (densely populated areas, cultural heritage significance, etc.)characteristics of the potential impact (duration, reversibility, magnitude, etc.)identification, description and assessment of the direct and indirect effects of projects on human beings, materials assets and cultural heritage,etc.
43 CONCLUSION FP5 is an opportunity for all stakeholders Start now ! To keep up to date on FP5 :7