Uganda Most of the children live in fear of being abducted by rebel groups.
I.Immediate Needs – Focus on Restoring Order –Re-establish order/routine in a community –Provide care for younger children/control older children –Provide food through school feeding –Extend the reach of the government Characteristics: –Externally financed/organized –Can have important symbolic and political effect due to high visibility –More to do with restoring order than educating kids –Uses emergency structures Tents/schools under trees May have limited connection to formal system Donors fairly coordinated
II.Reconstruction Phase – Focus on Access Build/reconstruct schools Distribution of simple learning materials –use or slightly modified textbooks Use of unqualified teachers to staff schools Use of alternative approaches –Radio instruction and teacher training –NFE/community based schooling –Literacy classes Characteristics: –Mostly externally financed –Combination of external and local leadership/organization –Uses existing institutional structures –Less donor coordination as scope of interventions grows
III.Capacity Building Phase – Focus shifts to Quality Institutional Issues Begin to Supplant Access –Effectiveness/mngt. of Ministry of Education –Training for teachers/Ministry staff Concern with Whether kids in school are learning –Curriculum issues come into focus »New content in texts – (what texts says becomes more important than simply having texts) »promotion of democracy, human rights, women’s rights, tolerance, etc. –Relevence of what is taught economic life »Vocational skills Characteristics: –Mostly externally financed, increasing local leadership –Increased formalization
IV.Some Issues –What standards for buildings, textbooks, teacher qualifications, etc. should be adopted? How should these be set? –At what point should local sustainability become a central issue? How can sustainability be balanced against the need for immediate response? –How can local leadership be balanced with lack of skills/capacity and need for extensive planning, procurements, organization, and supervision? –How can national planners/implementers ensure community participation/ownership?