Presentation on theme: "Power & Politics Prof.Shabir Ahmad The Business School University of Kashmir Sept 03, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Power & Politics Prof.Shabir Ahmad The Business School University of Kashmir Sept 03, 2010
Concept of Power Concept of Power Power Status Conflict Stress Competition
Power – is the ability of one person to influence another. Status - is an estimate of one persons esteem made by another person or group based n specific criteria. Conflict- is a difference of opinion between two or more persons or groups that causes one to attempt to influence a situation affecting all parties concerned. Stress - is a condition that exists when ones perception of the environment causes one to subconsciously or voluntarily increase the expenditure of mental and or physical energy.
Sources of Power French & Raven Reward Power- exists when one person has the ability to give another person positive reinforcement. Coercive Power- This source of power depends on fear. Referent Power- a person is said to have referent power of others voluntarily imitate the perceived behavior of that person. Expertise Power- this source of power is based on the extent to which others attribute knowledge and expertise on the power seeker. e.g. Individuals possess expertise power when they have information or skill needed by others. Legitimate Power- stems from the internalized values of the other persons that give the legitimate right to the agent to influence them. The others feel they have the obligation to accept this power.
Maintain Alliances with power people. Embrace or Demolish. Divide and Rule. Manipulate Classified Information. Make a Quick Showing. Collect and Use IOUs. Avoid Decisive Engagement. Progress One Step at a a Time. Wait for Crisis. Take Counsel with Caution. Specific Political Strategies for Power Acquisition
Further Readings Organizational Structure creates power by specifying certain individuals to perform certain tasks. Three important forms of structural power include A- Access to resources, B- Ability to affect decision- making, C- having access to relevant and important information. Factors Contributing to Political Behavior. Impression Management. Ethical issues in Power and Politics.