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PACT OF STEEL LEADERS. HITLER LEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH THE VERSAILLES TREATY: ◦Felt Germany had been humiliated by the treaty; wanted revenge.

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Presentation on theme: "PACT OF STEEL LEADERS. HITLER LEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH THE VERSAILLES TREATY: ◦Felt Germany had been humiliated by the treaty; wanted revenge."— Presentation transcript:

1 PACT OF STEEL LEADERS

2 HITLER LEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH THE VERSAILLES TREATY: ◦Felt Germany had been humiliated by the treaty; wanted revenge

3 HITLER FAMILY WEALTH ◦Middle class ◦Father was a government official ◦Mother was a housewife

4 HITLER FIRST CAREER OR JOB BEFORE WWI ◦Artist – applied for art school but was rejected because he could only draw landscapes.

5 HITLER MILITARY GOALS ◦Build up military by ignoring treaty ◦Take over government ◦Create the Nazi Party

6 HITLER VIEWS ON NATIONALISM VS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS ◦Believed in nationalism; controlled people through fear and terror so that there are few individual rights

7 HITLER TERRITORIES EACH WANTED TO WIN ◦Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia, Danzig

8 HITLER QUALITY AND STRENGTH OF ARMY ◦Strong & well trained ◦Well equipped for war; access to technology ◦Used secret police to carry out questionable assignments

9 HITLER SPEAKING ABILITY IN FRONT OF A CROWD ◦Captivating & Charismatic ◦Utilized propaganda and fan faire to draw in German people

10 HITLER RELATIONS TO JEWISH PEOPLE ◦Blamed Jewish media for premature armistice at the closing of WWII. ◦Further blamed wealthy Jewish population for scandal during Depression

11 HITLER PUBLIC APPEARANCES ◦Often, Elaborate ◦Used mass media ◦Controlled access to information to bolster public appearance of strength

12 HITLER WAYS IN WHICH THEY DID NOT HELP EACH OTHER ◦Hitler did not send military aid to Japan ◦Hitler always stayed loyal to Mussolini because there was never any conflict of interest.  Mussolini certainly the weaker partner

13 MUSSOLINI LEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH VERSAILLES TREATY ◦Not happy, Felt cheated ◦Because Italy joined the Allies late, the Fiume Region was not awarded to them at Versailles.

14 MUSSOLINI FAMILY WEALTH ◦Father was a blacksmith, mother was a school teacher ◦Lower middle class

15 MUSSOLINI FIRST CAREER OR JOB BEFORE WWI ◦Newspaper Editor

16 MUSSOLINI MILITARY GOALS ◦Institute a Fascist Government and unite the Italian Peninsula

17 MUSSOLINI VIEWS ON NATINALIMS VS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS ◦Wanted a Fascist Government ◦“Everything in the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state” ◦Few Individual Rights

18 MUSSOLINI TERRITORIES EACH WANTED TO WIN ◦Fiume, Dalmatia, Ethiopia, Albania, Egypt, Greece

19 MUSSOLINI QUALITY AND STRENGTH OF THE ARMY ◦Weapons were outdated and in poor condition ◦Boasted that he had 10 million soldiers

20 MUSSOLINI SPEAKING ABILITY IN FRONT OF A CROWD ◦Powerful

21 MUSSOLINI RELATIONS TO JEWISH PEOPLE ◦Wasn’t bothered by them

22 MUSSOLINI PUBLIC APPEARANCES ◦Appeared publicly often ◦Organized marches to put the power of the Italian government on display.

23 MUSSOLINI WAYS IN WHICH THEY DID NOT HELP EACH OTHER ◦Didn’t inform Hitler when he was going to invade a territory, caused Hitler to delay his military plans ◦Hitler was often cleaning up the errors that Mussolini created

24 HIROHITO LEVEL OF HAPPINESS WITH THE VERSAILLES TREATY ◦Angry, felt cheated because they couldn’t have territory in China ◦Felt ignored by the European Powers and left Versailles early.

25 HIROHITO FAMILY WEALTH ◦Emperor – distinct from other leaders of the era

26 HIROHITO FIRST CAREER OR JOB BEFORE WWI ◦Emperor

27 HIROHITO MILITARY GOALS ◦Desired to become the eclipsing power in the Eastern Hemisphere ◦Worked toward these goals by instituting militarism and building up their military

28 HIROHITO VIEWS ON NATIONALISM VS INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS ◦The State Rules

29 HIROHITO TERRITORIES EACH WANTED TO WIN ◦China, Korea, Manchuria, Philippines, Malaya, Singapore, Burma, Thailand, East Indies

30 HIROHITO QUALITY AND STRENGTH OF ARMY ◦Well trained and strong ◦Dedication to goals of Military and State are very strong!

31 HIROHITO SPEAKING ABILITY IN FRONT OF A CROWD Awkward and uncomfortable

32 HIROHITO RELATIONS TO JEWISH PEOPLE ◦none

33 HIROHITO PUBLIC APPEARANCES ◦Very rare ◦Not necessary, the support of the population wasn’t something that he had to harness as an emperor.

34 HIROHITO WAYS IN WHICH THEY DID NOT HELP EACH OTHER ◦Acted at Pearl Harbor without Hitler’s prior knowledge ◦Did not send military aid to Hitler when fighting against Russia


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