2Electric FieldJust like mass create gravitational fields, charges create electric fieldsWith gravity the field strength is measure as Newton per kilogramWhat do you think Electric fields are measured in?Newton's per Coulomb
3Measuring the Electric Field If the unit is Newton's per Coulomb, what is the equation?E = F / qoSimple enough, right.E = Electric FieldF = Forceqo = charge in the field
4Summing electric Fields Alternative Equation:It is the surrounding charges that creates an electric field at a given point in space.Look at Example 8
5Picturing the Electric Field Click on the picture to open an applet
6Electric Field RulesFields start at positive and end at negative, or start and end at infinity.This is by convention. The field is said to predict the movement of a positive charge.The density of lines should represent the strength of the field.A positive charge will have a velocity tangent to a field line.Field lines do not actually exist since the are an infinite number of paths a test charge can take.
7Parallel Plate Capacitors Used to store charge.The most common type is a parallel plate capacitor.Charge is spread uniformly, not really, throughout the plateThe electric field between two parallel plates is 100 N C-1.What acceleration would a 2.0 mC charge with a mass of 10-3 kg experience if placed in the field?
8Electric Potential Consider a positive charge Q and a test charge q. Work must be done to move q closer to Q since like charges repel.V = Voltage (Potential measured in Volts)
9Work and RouteRegardless of the path taken to move the charge the work is always the same.Electric Potential Energy is U = qVPotential Difference is DU
10Electric Fields Inside Conductors Excess electric charge moves to the surface of a conductorAt equilibrium the electric field inside a conductor is zeroThis comes from the fact that free electrons will always be on the outside of the conductor.So the electric field lines don’t penetrate the conductorThe electric field outside a conductor is perpendicular to the surfaceClick here for more info