Presentation on theme: "What is an Engineer? What is engineering? History of engineering."— Presentation transcript:
1 What is an Engineer? What is engineering? History of engineering. What is the difference between a scientist and an engineer?Types of engineersOccupations of engineersWhat are engineers working on today
2 Introduction Marc Rouleau, PE Tom Conrecode, PE Bachelors degree in electrical engineering and masters degree in civil engineeringLicensed professional engineer in electrical engineeringTom Conrecode, PEBachelors degree in civil engineeringLicensed professional engineer in civil engineering
3 What is EngineeringThe profession in which math and science - gained by study, experience, and practice - is applied with judgment to develop ways to economically use the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of society.
4 History of Engineering Evidence that engineering was practiced more than 4,500 years ago:
5 History of Engineering 1200 B.C. – A.D. 1Siege towers are perfectedGreeks develop manufacturingArchimedes introduces mathematics in GreeceConcrete is used forarched bridges, roads andaqueducts in Rome
6 History of Engineering A.D. 1 – 1400Chinese further develop the study of mathematicsCotton and silk are manufacturedLeonardo FibinacciCreates our decimal system (0,1,2,3,4…), replacing the Roman numeral system (no zero, I, II, III, IV…).Writes the first Western text on algebraCreates the root symbol:
7 History of Engineering First toilet is invented in EnglandOtto von Guerick shows the existence of a vacuumIssac Newton constructs first reflecting telescopesBoyle’s Gas Law, stating pressure varies inversely with volume, is first introducedSociety of Engineers, a professional engineering society, is formed in London
8 History of Engineering What are engineers working on today?Alpine Mega Tunnel – a 95 mile tunnel through the Swiss Alps – the longest tunnel in the worldPerdido Spar (Shell Oil) – worlds deepest oil well. Located in more than 9,000 feet of water, 2 miles off the coast of TexasBattery technology – working to create faster charging and longer lasting batteries
9 What is the Difference Between a Scientist and an Engineer? Develops knowledge from analysis and studyCharacteristic activity: researchWork in fields such as:BiologyChemistryPhysicsA practitioner of science is a scientistEngineer:Uses knowledge of math and science to create something newCharacteristic activity: creative designWork in disciplines such as:Civil EngineeringMechanical EngineeringElectrical EngineeringA practitioner of engineering is an engineerObtained from Wikipedia under science and engineering
10 What is the Difference Between a Scientist and an Engineer? Scientists discover the world that exists; engineers create the world that never was.”-Theodore Von Karman, Aerospace Engineer
11 Engineering Disciplines Electrical EngineersWork with electricity, electromagnetic fields, and lightDesign products such as cell phones, computers,antennas, televisions, and appliancesDesign power generation and distribution systemsMechanical EngineersWork with machines and systems thatinvolve the production and use of heatDesign cars, heating and air conditioning systems,and manufacturing systemsBiomedical EngineersWork with the mechanical and chemicalproperties of the human bodyDesign prosthetic devices and medical diagnostic systems
12 Engineering Disciplines Civil EngineersWork with physics and materialsDesign buildings, roads, bridges, storm water systemsChemical EngineersWork with physics, chemistry and biologyDesign medicines, fertilizers, semiconductors, foodadditives (such as flavorings)Aerospace EngineersWork with aerodynamics, propulsion and navigationDesign aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, missiles, and rocketsThere are many more disciplines!
13 Who is an Engineer?Tom Scholz – Founder and lead singer of the band BostonEngineer?
14 Who is an Engineer?Tom Scholz – Founder and lead singer of the band BostonYes!Graduated with a Bachelors and Masters degree in mechanical engineering from MIT.
15 Who is an Engineer?Jimmy Carter - 39th PresidentEngineer?
16 Who is an Engineer? Jimmy Carter - 39th President Yes! Graduated from the Naval Academy with a Bachelors Degree in nuclear engineering. Served on a submarine, as a Navy Officer operating the nuclear power plant.
17 Who is an Engineer?Cindy Crawford – ModelEngineer?
18 Who is an Engineer? Cindy Crawford - Model No! Attended Northwestern University to study Chemical Engineering on a scholarship. She dropped out after one semester.
19 Who is an Engineer?Rowan Atkins – AKA Mr. Bean – comedianEngineer?
20 Who is an Engineer? Rowan Atkins – AKA Mr. Bean – comedian Yes! Graduated from Newcastle University with a Bachelors Degree in electrical engineering, then obtained his Masters in engineering from Oxford.
21 Who is an Engineer?Montel Williams – talk show hostEngineer?
22 Who is an Engineer? Montel Williams – talk show host Yes! Graduated from the Naval Academy in 1980 with a Bachelor of Science in engineering. Served 9 years as a Navy Officer.
23 Engineers are Everywhere! Orbiting in spaceDesigning bridgesDesigning carsExploring the oceanCreating soles for your sneakersDeveloping your next favorite candy barThey can be comedians, talk show hosts and Presidents too!
24 Who Hires Engineers? The Obvious: Microsoft Apple Hewlett Packard AT&T Ford Motor CompanyNASAFlorida Power and LightArmy Corps of Engineers
25 Who Hires Engineers? The Less Obvious: CIA - Uses engineers not for design, but for their analytical mindsMany Branches of the Federal GovernmentDisaster response teams – provide on-site engineering supportStructural inspectionDisaster recovery strategies
26 Who Hires Engineers? The Less Obvious: Navy Operate power plants on ships and submarinesMaintain military installationsProvide support during combat operations
27 What does it take to be an Engineer? You don’t have to be a genius to be an Engineer…People who become Engineers:Are CURIOUS about how things workSolve interesting life problemsDesign and experimentCalculate using math and scienceWork with others as a teamSound like you???
28 Why be an Engineer? Fun Lots of Job Opportunities Great variety in your workYou get to build or improve thingsYou get to use your creative ideas to solve problemsYou get to work on a teamLots of Job OpportunitiesEngineers are in high demandThere are more engineering jobs than engineersYour Education ContinuesYou will need to continue studying to remain relevantAny other ideas here????
29 Why be an Engineer? Earning Potential Engineers earn one of the highest salaries of any career with a 4 or 5-year degreeFrom the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012):OccupationAverage SalaryElectrical Engineer$87,920Mechanical Engineer$80,580Biomedical Engineer$86,960Civil Engineer$79,340Chemical Engineer$94,350Aerospace Engineer$103,720Any other ideas here????
30 How do you become an Engineer? EDUCATIONMiddle and High SchoolDo well in your math classes – this is the foundation of your engineering education!!Prepare yourself for college:Algebra I & IIGeometryTrigonometryCalculusChemistryPhysicsComputer ProgrammingAdvanced placement classes are idealAny other ideas here????
31 How do you become an Engineer? EDUCATIONCollegeMost engineering degrees are completed in 4-5 yearsAttend a school that is Accredited by Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET)!Assures graduates from the program are prepared for graduate school and the workforceDegrees from non-accredited schools will preclude licensureMost graduate programs require Bachelor degrees from ABET schoolsJoin Engineering Honor Societies and participateWork hard to obtain the highest Grade Point Average – especially in your discipline!There is no do-over to improve a low GPANo one wants to hire a C student!Any other ideas here????
32 How do you become an Engineer? STAY IN SCHOOL!If it was easy, everyone would be an engineerDO WELL IN SCHOOL!GRADUATE!Any other ideas here????
33 How do you become an Engineer? The next 3 years in high school and especially the following 4-5 years in college drastically impact the quality of your adult life!You can play now……or play laterAny other ideas here????
34 Engineer LicensureSo you have an engineering degree and are ready to take on the world…not so fast…for some disciplines you will need a license!Certain fields of engineering, especially those that put the health and welfare of people at risk (civil and structural engineers in particular), require licensureTo become licensed, engineers must:Complete obtain a bachelors degree in engineering from an ABET accredited collegeWork under a Professional Engineer for at least four yearsPass two intensive competency examsEarn a license from their state's licensure board.Any other ideas here????