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Chapter 16 Section 2 New Challenges.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 Section 2 New Challenges."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16 Section 2 New Challenges

2 Critics of the New Deal There were people who opposed the New Deal
Dr. Francis E. Townsend wanted the gov. to grant a pension of $200 a month to every American over 60 years of age. All recipients were to spend the $ within 30 days, thus pumping the $ back into the economy Charles E. Coughlin urged the gov. to nationalize all banks and return to the silver standard Louisiana senator {Huey Long proposed the Share-Our-Wealth economic relief program}, in which the gov could seize wealth from the rich through taxes and then provide a guaranteed income and home to every family in America Long was assassinated in 1935, one month after announcing that he was going his bid to run for president against Roosevelt

3 Long proposed the "Share Our Wealth" program which said that no individual family could hold more than $ 5 mil in wealth and receive more than $ 1 mil in annual income. The excess of these salary caps would trickle down to help the poor. Long announced he was interested in running against Roosevelt in the 1936 election. One month later. on Sunday, September 8, 1935, Huey Long was at the capital building in Baton Rouge. He was attending a session called by Judge Benjamin Pavy, one of Long's political enemies. As Long walked down a corridor, a Dr. Carl Weiss ( Pavy’s son in law ) walked up to him and shot him in the abdomen. But not all the accounts of the events coincide. An alternative theory suggests that Weiss was actually unarmed, and had punched Long, not shot him. Instead, the senator was struck by a stray bullet from his bodyguards, who shot Weiss because they mistakenly believed that Weiss was going to shoot Long.

4 The Second New Deal The Works Progress Administration
After the Civil Works Administration ended, Roosevelt started the {Works Progress Administration which ultimately gave jobs to 8.5 million blue collar and white collar workers} The WPA also established the {National Youth Administration which gave part-time jobs to high-school and college aged people} Eleanor Roosevelt {appointed Mary McLeod Bethune as the director of the Division of Negro Affairs in the National Youth Administration}

5 Eleanor Roosevelt helped establish the National Youth Administration in June The NYA helped more than 2 million high school and college students stay in school by giving them grants in exchange for work. They worked in libraries and college labs, and on farms. The NYA also found work for 2.5 million young people who were not in school and not working. As World War II approached, NYA youths worked in defense industries where they gained useful job skills. The NYA was an equal opportunity agency, providing aid to women and minorities. This feature of the program was very important to Mrs. Roosevelt. "It is a question of the right to work," she said, "and the right to work should know no color lines."

6 The Second New Deal Social Security & other programs
Another important reform was the Social Security Act, passed by Congress in 1935. First, the act provided unemployment insurance to workers who lost their jobs Second, {the Social Security Act provided pensions to workers aged 65 and older} Third, it provided payments to people with disabilities Roosevelt then targeted the wealthy with {the Revenue Act of 1935, which drastically increased taxes for the nation’s wealthy} Roosevelt ran for reelection in Thanks to his progress and success in reformation and reconstruction he easily won.


8 Roosevelt and the Supreme Court
After his presidential victory, Roosevelt sought to reform the Supreme Court Roosevelt was angered the Supreme Court declared several New Deal measures as unconstitutional. {He believed the nine members of the Supreme Court to be too old and set in their ways} Roosevelt petitioned to be allowed to replace the justices that are 70 years and older with new justices that he would appoint Of course his petition was denied But over the next 4 years several of the justices either died or retired, so Roosevelt got to appoint new people anyway

9 Joseph Stalin Franklin D. Roosevelt Winston Churchill

10 Effects of the Second New Deal
Congress passed the {Wagner-Connery Act that guaranteed workers rights to organize unions} Laborers were now allowed legally to strike and bargain for better wages and working conditions {Labor leaders organized the Congress of Industrial Administration to unite workers in several various industry} Congress created another program to replace the Agricultural Adjustment Act only this time to appease the Court they called it soil conservation instead of crop reduction It authorized payment to farmers for soil conservation and allowed the Department of Agriculture to regulate the amount the crops in circulation The Second New Deal also brought aid to sharecroppers, tenant farmers and migrant farmers

11 Roosevelt’s Recession
In 1936 Roosevelt began cutting back on relief and public works programs but the economy was not ready yet Factories and businesses began going under. Republican’s called this “Roosevelt’s Recession” Roosevelt responded by expanding and restarting the New Deal programs Because of criticism, Roosevelt did not did not propose any new reforms in 1939

12 The Eternal Battle by Daniel Johnston

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