Texas Regulations Training August 2011 2 Medicine Guidelines Neurology and Neuromuscular Services Electromyography (EMG) Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) Psychology Ophthalmology Overview Medicine Guidelines Neurology and Neuromuscular Services Electromyography (EMG) Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) In the State of Texas, there are no specific treatment guidelines in this area. However, we should discuss some general guidelines, types of services in the medicine section, and different types of neurology and neuromuscular services common on workers’ comp bills.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 3 Medicine Guidelines Unlike other sections of CPT, the medicine section is comprised of several different types of services, procedures and tests. The medicine section ranges from 90200- 99199.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 4 Medicine Guidelines Medicine services include: Biofeedback Ophthalmology/Optometrists Special Services and Reports Pulmonary Osteopathic Podiatry In fact, the medicine section is extensive and diverse in the types of services it includes.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 5 Medicine Guidelines Some of these services are more common on workers’ compensation bills than others. We will be discussing a subset of those services that include: Neurology and Neuromuscular Services Psychology Ophthalmology
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 6 Neurology and Neuromuscular Services Neurology and Neuromuscular services pertain to the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses or injuries that affect the nervous system, the musculoskeletal system, and how they work synergistically. Neurology and Neuromuscular services include procedures such as: Sleep studies Electroencephalograms Muscle testing Electromyographies Nerve conduction studies Do you remember what these two terms mean? Right! Graphical recordings of the electrical activity of the brain and muscles, respectively.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 7 Neurology and Neuromuscular Services Two of the most common types of procedures that you will become familiar with are: Electromyography Nerve Conduction Study
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 8 Electromyography Electromyography (EMG) tests the electrical potential or electrical activity of muscles. In other words, electromyography assesses whether the patient has nerve or muscle damage. An electromyogramy can be used to diagnose disorders such as carpal tunnel syndrome.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 9 Electromyography Electromyography codes range from CPT 95860 to CPT 95874 and are specific to the number of extremities (1-4) and/or different body areas (cranial, larynx and so forth). For Example: 95861: Two extremities with or without related paraspinal area 95868: Cranial nerve supplied muscles, bilateral
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 10 10 Nerve Conduction Studies Very often, the term electromyography is used synonymously with nerve conduction study. However, they actually refer to two distinct tests.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 11 11 Nerve Conduction Studies Similar to electromyography, nerve conduction studies evaluate electrical signaling of the motor and sensory nerves in the body. Nerve conduction studies can be used to diagnose disorders such as: Peripheral neuropathy Carpal tunnel syndrome Ulnar neuropathy Guillian-Barré syndrome In general, nerve conduction studies are used to evaluate symptoms such as numbness, tingling, burning or weakness in the extremities.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 12 12 Nerve Conduction Studies Different components of a nerve conduction study can be billed for testing different types of nerves. Nerve conduction studies consist of four separate components. Nerve conduction study components are: Motor NCS Sensory NCS F-wave study H-reflex study For example, there are three different nerves within the upper extremity that can be subject to motor or sensory testing. Other types of nerves are only tested with one component of the study.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 13 13 Nerve Conduction Studies The nerves are broken down into four major areas: Head Back Lower Extremity Upper Extremity Radial Ulnar Median Tibial Peroneal Sural Femoral Plantar Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Coccyx Facial
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 14 14 Nerve conduction testing may be charged for all three nerves within the upper extremity. Each of these nerves can be subject to Motor or Sensory testing. Under no circumstance should more than six nerve conduction studies be allowed per arm. Nerve Conduction Studies Upper Extremity Radial Ulnar Median
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 15 15 Nerve Conduction Studies Lower Extremity Tibial Peroneal Sural Femoral Plantar Nerve conduction testing may be charged for: Tibial: Usually only the motor component is tested Common Peroneal Sural: Sensory component only Femoral Occasionally, a test may be performed on both the medial and lateral plantar branch of the peroneal nerve. However, nerve conduction studies can only be billed per nerve, not per segment of a single nerve. You will learn later how providers often bill for segments of nerves incorrectly.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 16 16 Nerve Conduction Studies Head Facial When facial nerves are tested, only one nerve on each side of the face should be billed. Both motor and sensory components can be tested for a total not to exceed four studies.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 17 17 Nerve Conduction Studies The most commonly performed procedure codes billed for nerve conduction studies are: Common NCS Procedure Codes: CPT 95900: Nerve conduction, Motor CPT 95903: Nerve conduction, Motor with F-Wave CPT 95904: Nerve conduction, Sensory CPT 95934: H Reflex Study (Left or Right, up to 2) Just like other types of services, providers often bill for nerve conduction studies incorrectly. Let’s take a look…
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 18 18 Nerve Conduction Studies There are several things to be aware of when you process bills with charges for nerve conduction studies. Things to Remember: Testing is done per nerve. However, providers often mistakenly bill per segment. Why might this be? Recall that CPT 95903 includes both motor and F-wave components of the nerve conduction study. Always verify the number of nerves tested. Many providers tend to bill for multiple segments on the same nerve. CPT 95900 should be denied if providers bill CPT 95903 on the same nerve.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 19 19 Psychology Medicine Guidelines Neurology and Neuromuscular Services Electromyography (EMG) Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) Psychology Ophthalmology Now that you are familiar with how some neuromuscular services are reimbursed, let’s discuss Psychology services... Psychology
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 20 20 Psychology Psychology focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of emotional and behavioral disorders. Psychology treatments are billed with Psychology treatment codes. The key Psychology treatment codes for individual psychotherapy are CPT 90804-90829. CPT 90804 is a BR code because it is “time unspecified.” This code should always be denied and sent back to the provider for a specific time period identification.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 21 21 Psychology Treatments Individual and family Psychology treatment codes may include medical evaluation and drug management services. If E&M services are billed with a code that includes these services, the E&M Code will be denied. If E&M services are billed with a code that does NOT include these services, the psych code and the E&M will re-bundle to the appropriate combination code. The drug management code CPT 90862 is not allowed with these types of psychotherapy codes. Examples: 90804 – Individual psychotherapy (20-30 minutes) 90805 – Individual psychotherapy (20-30 minutes with medical E&M)
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 22 22 Psychology Treatments In addition to individual psychotherapy codes, there are family psychotherapy codes. These codes are not specified by time. Therefore, they are paid once per session. If multiple units are billed, what should you do? That’s right! Check for documentation. If more than one unit is billed, documentation is required to verify multiple sessions occurred on a single date of service.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 23 23 Other Therapeutic Services In addition to Psychology counseling, there are other types of therapeutic services. Other therapeutic services include: Electroconvulsive therapy Narcosynthesis Hypnotherapy These services may be billed with E & M services if significant, separately identifiable services are performed.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 24 24 Psychology Consultations Psychology consultations differ from Psychology treatment. Like other types of consultations, Psychology consultations are only billed with standard E&M consultation codes 99241-99255 and do not involve treatment. Psychology consultations include: Examination of the patient. Communication with the family and primary physician. Preparation of a report.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 25 25 Ophthalmology Medicine Guidelines Neurology and Neuromuscular Services Electromyography (EMG) Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) Psychology Ophthalmology Now that you have learned how Psychology services are reimbursed, let’s take a look at ophthalmology... Ophthalmology
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 26 26 Ophthalmology Ophthalmology is the medical service focused on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the eye. There has been confusion over whether ophthalmologists can bill for special services if they also charge for a general exam. CPT Special Ophthalmological Services are above and beyond the services included in the general exam and may be billed separately.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 27 27 In this case, an additional E & M charge would be non-reimbursable. What does this tell you? Ophthalmology General eye exams include a medical diagnostic evaluation. Specifically, an additional E & M charge from CPT 99201-99285 would be inappropriate.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 28 28 Ophthalmology Most ophthalmologic procedures are considered bilateral. However, in some instances only a single eye is examined or treated. Under these circumstances, Modifier 52 is added to the appropriate CPT code. Modifier 52 Reduced Services This modifier is used if a service has been reduced from the standard procedure.
Texas Regulations Training August 2011 29 29 Summary Medicine: Services and Guidelines Electromyography Reimbursement Guidelines Nerve Conduction Study Reimbursement Guidelines Psychology Reimbursement Guidelines Reimbursement of Ophthamological Services