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An Introduction to Social Capital CS C The Center for Social Capital www.centerforsocialcapital.org.

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Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Social Capital CS C The Center for Social Capital www.centerforsocialcapital.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction to Social Capital CS C The Center for Social Capital

2 Intro to Social Capital Robert Putnam defines Social Capital as “the social networks and the norms of trustworthiness and reciprocity that arise from them.” CS C

3 Intro to Social Capital Social Capital Focuses on: Who knows Whom (Social Networks) The Character of these Networks The Strength of our Ties Levels of Trust Levels of Reciprocity CS C Knack, S. (2001); Sander & Lowney, (2006)

4 Intro to Social Capital Social Networks Matter: Thick Trust: where trust extends only to known friends & associates Thin Trust: where trust extends to include total strangers CS C Knack, S. (2001); Sander & Lowney, (2006)

5 Intro to Social Capital Trust Growing Elements: Repeated exposure & shared spaces Honesty in Communications Follow-Through on Commitments Consistency in Behavior CS C Knack, S. (2001); Sander & Lowney, (2006); Griffin-Hammis Associates

6 Intro to Social Capital Types of Social Capital: Public-Regard: we are tied to formal groups (City Council; PTA; People First; Kiwanis) Private Regard: we are tied to informal groups (Church; Softball team; Neighborhood Watch) Formal vs. Informal (Bylaws & Committees vs. Social/Interest/Hobby relationships) CS C Sander & Lowney; Griffin-Hammis Associates

7 Intro to Social Capital Types of Social Capital: Bridging: Social ties that attempt to cut across differences including Race, Gender, Disability, Class, Religion… Bonding: Links people together like themselves (special interest groups, neighborhood associations, hobby clubs…) CS C Sander & Lowney; Griffin-Hammis Associates

8 Intro to Social Capital Intensity of Social Capital: Strong: Someone with whom you might share intimate or serious issues Weak: More episodic and casual Example: You share stronger ties with your doctor and weaker ties with volunteers cooking at the pancake breakfast CS C Sander & Lowney; Griffin-Hammis Associates

9 Intro to Social Capital CS C Sander & Lowney; Griffin-Hammis Associates Bridging & Bonding Public & Private Regard Formal & Informal Thick & Thin Trust Strong & Weak Ties

10 Intro to Social Capital Intensity of Social Capital: Stronger ties are useful for creating social support and sustained efforts; Weaker ties are more useful for networking and job searches CS C Wuthnow, 1998; Sander & Lowney; Griffin- Hammis Associates

11 Intro to Social Capital Goal of Social Capital: Raising Social Capital to improve one’s standing in a community (e.g. using bridging capital to increase awareness of disability access issues in a community) Targeted at Specific Problem-Solving (e.g. using bonding capital to connect a job seeker with someone with similar career goals) CS C Sander & Lowney; Griffin-Hammis Associates

12 Intro to Social Capital Getting Others Interested & Involved : Appeal to people’s motivations (shared personal & professional interests and self- interest, hobbies, affiliation needs) Avoid yet another meeting or committee approach Appeal to their civic pride Make the task appear reasonable CS C Griffin-Hammis Associates; McKnight

13 Intro to Social Capital Getting Others Interested & Involved : Very Small Group or One-to-One Start-up conversations and recruitment Set a clear outcome Satisfy people’s motivators CS C Griffin-Hammis Associates; McKnight

14 Intro to Social Capital Disability Issues: Employment Health Improvement Home Ownership Isolation Asset Accumulation Transportation…. CS C Griffin-Hammis Associates; McKnight

15 Intro to Social Capital Systemic & Organizational Issues: Changing Outdated policy and practice Turnover Funding Disconnected Personnel…. CS C Griffin-Hammis Associates; McKnight

16 Intro to Social Capital Project Ideas: Establish a Microloan Fund Establish Car Pools Peer-Mentored After School & Summer Jobs/Businesses Address Stereotyping by local media Address local restaurant Barriers Connect People to Specific Social Activities as Individuals…. CS C Griffin-Hammis Associates; McKnight


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