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Ep.4:1, topic sentence for ch.4-6  Elaborates, expands on worthy walk Ep.4:1-16 sets stage for rest of epistle Riches in Christ, Ep.1-3 Righteousness.

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Presentation on theme: "Ep.4:1, topic sentence for ch.4-6  Elaborates, expands on worthy walk Ep.4:1-16 sets stage for rest of epistle Riches in Christ, Ep.1-3 Righteousness."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ep.4:1, topic sentence for ch.4-6  Elaborates, expands on worthy walk Ep.4:1-16 sets stage for rest of epistle Riches in Christ, Ep.1-3 Righteousness in Christ, Ep.4-6

2 I. The Giver, 4:7-10

3 “But…” (7) Major theme in Ephesians: unity Ep.4 introduces diversity One (4-6) Seven x All (6) Four x Body (4) One x Each one of us (7) One body, not identical members Each one of us (7) One body, not identical members

4 “Grace” = in gifts Grace was given – “divine passive” “Measure of Christ’s gift” Each gets the gift that Christ bestows for his special case. 3:2

5 8 confirms 7 (Ps.68:18) 18: probably ark ascending Mt. Zion Paul’s application: Christ’s exaltation (= Ep.1:20-22)

6 “He led captivity captive” (8) Canaanites (2 Sm.5) learned lesson Philistines (1 Sm.4-6) learned lesson Satan and helpers learned their lesson DethronedDefeatedDisarmed Ep.1:21Col.2:15

7 “Gave gifts to men” (8) You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts among men, Even from the rebellious, That the LORD God might dwell there – Ps.68:18 Therefore He says: "When He ascended on high, He led captivity captive, And gave gifts to men – Ep.4:8

8 “To ‘receive’ is to take for the purpose of giving to another” – Chrysostom Conquerors divided spoils Ps.68:12-13 Jg.5:30 1 Sm.30:26-31 Num.18:19 Is.53:12; Ac.2:33

9 Paul picks out two verbs in Ps Go up (1:20-21) 2. Come down...to lower parts of earth To Hades? (Ac.2:31) To Hades? (Ac.2:31) To Earth (incarnation, death)

10 Heaven Ep.1:20-21 (Ac.1:9-11) Ph.2:9-11 Jn.3:13 Jn.6:62 Ph.2: Ascended far above all hea. 10 (Hb.4:14) That He might fill all things (Col.2:9)

11 I. The Giver, 4:7-10 II. The Gifts, 4:11

12 Apostles Apostles (2:20; 3:5) 1 Co.12:28 “Most assuredly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him” – Jn.13:16 Our authority 2 Co.10:8 Not lordship 2 Co.1:24

13 Apostles’ doctrine, Ac.2:42 Lord’s commission (Mt.28:19-20) Fully authorized representatives Mt.19:28, judges “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me” – Jn.13:20

14 Apostles’ doctrine, Ac.2:42 Apostles had to be witnesses of Lord’s resurrection (Ac.1:22) Rules out successors Only few could qualify Paul was last one (1 Co.15:8) Their work continues. Cf. Lk.16:29-31 Apostles had to be witnesses of Lord’s resurrection (Ac.1:22) Rules out successors Only few could qualify Paul was last one (1 Co.15:8) Their work continues. Cf. Lk.16:29-31

15 Prophets Prophets (2:20; 3:5) 1 Co.12:28 Mouthpiece, spokesman, Ex.4:16; 7:1 Ac.19:6, through apostles’ hands A person inspired to proclaim or reveal divine will or purpose – BDAG

16 Evangelists Philip, Ac.8; 21:8 Timothy, 2 Tim.4:2, 5 Many people had never met an apostle Ac.19:9-10 Col.1:7-8; 2:1; 4:12-13

17 Pastors Ac.20:17, 28; Tit.1:5, 7 Elders – presbyters Bishops – overseers Pastors – shepherds Elders: “that they did not differ at all from the…bishops or overseers…is evident from the fact that the two words are used indis- criminately…” – Th., 536 Not women 1 Tim.3:2 No denom. organization

18 Teachers 1 Co.12:28 Explain and apply Scripture 2 Tim.2:2

19 Lessons same 1. Every member is the same: 1 Co. 12:11-12a different 2. Every member is different: 1 Co.12:12 gifted 3. Every member is gifted: 1 Co.12:17-20 contributes 4. Every member contributes to the body: 1 Co.12:21-26, 27


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