Presentation on theme: "“I have recently decided to sing on our Praise Team, which involves me being up on the stage. For a lifelong Church of Christ girl, this is a big leap!"— Presentation transcript:
“I have recently decided to sing on our Praise Team, which involves me being up on the stage. For a lifelong Church of Christ girl, this is a big leap! After much prayer and study, I feel that it is OK for me to do this, but I can't articulate this to my dad (who is an elder in the church I grew up in). He goes back to the passages in Timothy and Corinthians about women's roles, and I have a hard time explaining my new- found freedom in Christ that I have. What is your view?!”
“I am in my late 40's, happily married for 26 years, and a lifelong member of Churches of Christ. I have come to the sincere conclusion that it is time for us to begin hearing the voices of women in our assemblies: praying, reading Scripture, teaching; indeed, doing whatever God has gifted them to do. Do you believe I'm wrong for moving in that direction in my thinking?”
I Arguments To Amplify The Role Of Women Women of NT prophesiedWomen of NT prophesied: Ac.2:18; 21:9; 1 Co.11:5 –These passages do not show (authorize) women prophesying in the assembly –These passages do not permit a woman to usurp authority over a man
Ac.18:26 A woman may teach a man –They –They took him aside If this were public correction, Priscilla could not have participatedIf this were public correction, Priscilla could not have participated –They –They explained Mary, Lk.24:1-9 –Private instruction –She did not exercise authority over them
Col.3:16 –A woman may teach a man in the assembly (by singing) speak1 Co.14:34-35, a woman may not speak in the assembly
1 Tim.2:12, a summary over a manA woman may not (1) teach or (2) usurp authority over a man –Ac.4:18 must –Some make this verse contradict Tit.2:3... (women must teach) –The NT gives two restrictions: 1. not to speak in the assembly 2. not to usurp authority over a man
Phoebe Phoebe, Ro.16:1-2 A church official (deaconess) 1. A church official (deaconess) But the word means servant (Mt.23:11; Jn.2:5) Only context can determine when the word bears an “official” meaning – Ph.1:1; 1 Tim.3:8 What are the qualifications for a deaconess? Select man to preach meeting; does this make him an officer?
If the church assisted her, she had authority over the church 2. If the church assisted her, she had authority over the church – But see 2 Tim.4:17 If she was a helper of many, she must have exercised authority, discipline, and oversight 3. If she was a helper of many, she must have exercised authority, discipline, and oversight –But the word (benefactor) does not imply oversight She helped Paul Ac.16:15
Juniaa woman and apostle Junia, Ro.16:7, a woman and apostle Gender 1. Gender: Can be either masc. or fem. Hendriksen: both names are masc. “Probably for Junias = Junianus a man’s name, though not a common one” (Parry) “This is Junias, a man, not Junia (Julia), a woman, wife or sister of Andronicus” (Le) ESV: Junia (fem.); Junias (masc.) in ftnt NASB: Junias (masc.) –It really doesn’t matter
Grammar 2. Grammar –She was mentioned w. honor in circle of apostles “…can mean simply that they were famous in the circle of the apostles in the technical sense” (ATR) –“They are well known to the apostles” (ESV)
Apostle 3. Apostle: –The twelve apostles are not in the picture here (H) messenger –The word often means messenger (not one of the 12, but one sent by a church) Ac.14:14, Barnabas, sent by Antioch, (13:2-4) 2 Co.8:23; Ph.2:25
Paul compared role of NT women to OT women, 1 Co.14:34 –“Since the law allowed women prophets, women today may preach” –The facts: Miriam, Ex.15:20: women Deborah, Jg.4:5; 5:7 Huldah, 2 K.22:14-20 Anna, Lk.2:36-38
The Temple Josephus described the temple: “There was a partition built for the women that separated them from the men; this was the proper place wherein they were to worship” (Wars 5.5.2) Where is the proof that she prophesied publicly, before mixed audiences?
Euodia and Syntyche, Ph.4:2-3 labored’ fellow workers’this means they were in a position of authority like the apostle” –“These women ‘labored’ w. Paul as his ‘fellow workers’; this means they were in a position of authority like the apostle” –What proves too much, proves nothing: God’s1 Co.3:9, we are God’s fellow- workers JesusLk.8:1-3, these women helped Jesus
Ga.3:28, if no distinction between M & F, women may do what men do spiritual status, not their function –Paul is speaking of their spiritual status, not their function May the slave rule the master? all one –1 Co.12:19, not “all one” in every way! 20-21, 28-30, different in functions –If no difference between male and female, are homosexual marriages scriptural?? May men have babies?
Paul’s writings reflect Graeco- Roman culture –This assertion: discardsdiscards the entire NT rejectsrejects Paul’s claims that his views of women are based on the Lord’s revelation (1 Co. 14:37) ignoresignores Paul’s appeal to creation principles. Gn.9
Creation Principles 1 Co.11:2-3, 7-9 1 Co.14:34-38 –No wonder the law said it; it was a timeless truth MDR, Mal.2:16; Mt.19 1 Tim.2:11-15
IIA Summary of 1 Co.14 II A Summary of 1 Co.14 partial restrictionsTongues speakers, 27-28 and prophets, 29-33 – partial restrictions Not so, the women, 33b-35: prohibition –34, prohibition: let [your] women keep silent; no “if,” 28, 30) state –34, state: they are to be submissive basis –34, basis: as the law also says. V. 21. Gn.3:16? extent –35, extent: let them ask their own husbands at home reason –35, reason: it is shameful for women to speak in church