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I History And Background God’s final prophet Mohammed – God’s final prophet Adam NoahAbra- hamIshmaelIsaacJacobJosephJob MosesAaronDavidSolomonElias JonahJohnJesus.

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Presentation on theme: "I History And Background God’s final prophet Mohammed – God’s final prophet Adam NoahAbra- hamIshmaelIsaacJacobJosephJob MosesAaronDavidSolomonElias JonahJohnJesus."— Presentation transcript:

1 I History And Background God’s final prophet Mohammed – God’s final prophet Adam NoahAbra- hamIshmaelIsaacJacobJosephJob MosesAaronDavidSolomonElias JonahJohnJesus Muhammad “Muslims believe in a chain of prophets starting w. Adam, including Noah, Abra- ham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Elias, Jonah, John the Baptist, and Jesus… God’s final message to man, a reconfirma- tion of the eternal message and a summing up of all that has gone before was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad through Gabriel”

2 Mohammed, early life Born at Mecca, Arabia, c. A.D. 570 Meager living as attendant on caravans, and watching sheep and goats Disreputable occupation among Arabs He later gloried in it, appealing to the example of Moses and David

3 Mohammed’s career / health Never learned to read or write Began his career as prophet and reformer in 610, age forty Severe headaches, feverish convulsions Epileptic fits, attributed to over- powering presence of God

4 Mohammed’s family Age 25, married a rich widow (age 40) After her death, he had a number of slave concubines, married 14+ wives Caused him much trouble and scandal Ayesha married him at age 9 (6); he was 53 “The prophet loved three things, women, perfumes and food….”

5 Mohammedism – Islam Persecution forced his flight to Medina (622) Died in 632, the accepted prophet and ruler throughout Arabia Mohammedism “Mohammedism” after its founder Islam “Islam” from its chief virtue (submission) “The Lord destroy the Jews and Christians!” Among his last words: “The Lord destroy the Jews and Christians!”

6 Mohammed and the sword “The sword is the key of heaven and hell; a drop of blood shed in the cause of Allah, a night spent in arms, is of more avail than two months of fasting or prayer: whosoever falls in battle, his sins are forgiven, and at the day of judgment his limbs shall be supplied by the wings of angels and cherubim” “The sword is the key of heaven and hell; a drop of blood shed in the cause of Allah, a night spent in arms, is of more avail than two months of fasting or prayer: whosoever falls in battle, his sins are forgiven, and at the day of judgment his limbs shall be supplied by the wings of angels and cherubim” – Mohammed

7 Mohammed and Gabriel In 610, at age 40, he received the call of Gabriel, the archangel at the right hand of God Mohammed dictated the Koran “from inspiration” to disciples and clerks In the Koran, several times he expres- sly disclaims the power of miracles

8 Mohammed and Joseph Smith 1.Uneducated 2.Claimed revelation of angel 3.Claimed inspiration 4.Messenger and apostle of God 5.Claimed text of Bible corrupt 6.Their revelation to correct this 7.Received fullness of the gospel

9 8. Subject of prophecy in Old and New Testaments 9. Bible is word of God if translated correctly, authenticated by Koran 10.Contradictions in the Bible 11.Purpose... unify (but failed) 12.Polygamy

10 II The Koran Koran Koran: the reading; the book 114 Surahs, 6,225 verses No room for the Koran promise 1.Jn.16:13, Lord’s promise preaching 2.Ac.20:27, Paul’s preaching prohibition 3.2 Jn.9, John’s prohibition

11 No need for the Koran 1.Mk.16:15-16, what can it add? 2.Col.2:10, complete in Christ 3.2 Tim.3:16-17, Scriptures

12 About a year after Mohammed’s death… from palm leaves, and tablets of white stone, and from the breasts of men … at the direction of Abu-Bakr, his father-in-law, and immediate succes- sor, Zayd, the chief amanuensis, collected the scattered fragments of the Koran “from palm leaves, and tablets of white stone, and from the breasts of men,” w/o any regard to chronological order or continuity of subjects

13 The Koran and Textual Criticism As different readings of copies occasioned serious disputes, Zayd et al. tried to secure the purity of the text burnedAll previous copies were called in and burned

14 The Koran and Scriptures the Book of Godthe Word of Godthe Gospel the people of the Book Earlier Surahs speak often and highly of the Scriptures, calling them “the Book of God,” “the Word of God,” “the Gospel,” and describes Jews and Christians as “the people of the Book…”

15 Comparing NT and Koran Different copies arose Taught publicly and privately Apostles taught publicly and privately No such promise Promised H. S. to guide disciples Mohammed wrote nothing Jesus wrote nothing

16 NT Koran Koran authentic? ? Our copy authentic? Yes Original Koran not in existence now Originals not in existence now Compare. Collate. Collect. Burn the rest Compare. Collate. Collect.

17 The Koran Contradicts Itself kill capture besiegelie in wait ambush then leave their way free “Then when the Sacred Months … have passed, then kill the Mushrikun (idolaters, polytheists, etc., rd) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and lie in wait for them in each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform As-Salat (prayers, 5x a day, rd) and give Zakat (charity, rd) then leave their way free…” (9:5)

18 But: No Compulsion no compulsion in religion Whoever “There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut (idolatry, rd) and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break…” (2:256)

19 Jews and Christians have reward Jews and Christians whoever shall have their reward w. their Lord “Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does righteous good deeds shall have their reward w. their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve” (2:62)

20 But: Abrogated! abrogated he will be one of the losers “This Verse…mentioned in the Qur’an should not be misinterpreted by the reader…that the provision of this Verse was abrogated by the Verse 3:85: “And whosoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter, he will be one of the losers.” (i.e. after the coming of Prophet Muhammad on the earth, no other religion except Islam, will be accepted from anyone)” (2:62 ftnt.; 3:85)

21 Summary: Whatever is true in the Koran is borrowed from the Bible; what is original is false or frivolous Jn.16:13 Were first century Christians pleasing to God w/o revelations of Mohammed? If so, why not today? (Jude 3)

22 Satanic Verses Muhammad and followers were perse- cuted for attacking pagan faiths of Mecca 83 of his followers emigrated from Mecca to Ethiopia (Abyssinia) Mohammed compromised with Meccan pagans: acknowledged existence of three pagan goddesses next to Allah: Lat, Uzza, and Manat Mohammed compromised with Meccan pagans: acknowledged existence of three pagan goddesses next to Allah: Lat, Uzza, and Manat (Surah 53:19-22)

23 Salman Rushdie did not invent The Satanic Verses Meccans revoked their ban on Moham. Those who had immigrated to Abyssinia started home after hearing the persecution had ended By time they arrived in Mecca, Moham. had retracted his confession and admitted that he had fallen prey to the whispering of Satan By time they arrived in Mecca, Moham. had retracted his confession and admitted that he had fallen prey to the whispering of Satan – Surah 53:19-22

24 Confession: Surah 22:52-53 Satan who inspired them with demonic verses All prophets were tempted by Satan who inspired them with demonic verses, as if they were actually revealed by God Allah later abrogated Satanic Verses with new revelations Islam says Allah permits demonic inspiration to test weak believers and to cut off those with hardened hearts

25 Consequences: 1.If Mohammed could not disting- uish Satan's voice from God’s, could there be other verses in the Koran that he assumed were from God but were really from Satan? 2.Mohammed should have been put to death as a false prophet! 2.Mohammed should have been put to death as a false prophet! Dt.18:20

26 Consequences, cont’d. 3. Earliest available Islamic sources on Moham. life record this event: Ibn Ishaq, Wakidi, Ibn Sa’d, and Tabari 4. Allah is not the God of the Bible Nu.23:19 Mal.3:6 Lk.21:33 Tit.1:2; Hb.6:18; Ja.1:17

27 III Koran Contradicts Biblical View Of Jesus Virgin Birth Narrative “Zachariah said: ‘My Lord! Appoint for me a sign.’ He said: ‘Your sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect’” Zacharias and John: Surah 19:…10: “Zachariah said: ‘My Lord! Appoint for me a sign.’ He said: ‘Your sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect’” [Ct. Lk.1:…18-20]

28 Mary and Gabriel: Surah 19:…20-34 Gave birth under a date-palm Baby spoke to her / for her –Does not match biblical record –Ebionite origin Mt.1:16, 18

29 Is Jesus the Son of God? O people of the Scripture (Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: “Three (trinity)!” Cease! (it is) better for you. For Allah is (the only) One…glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son… – Surah 4:171

30 Was Jesus crucified? but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but it appeared so to them [the resemblance of ‘Isa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man)], and those who differ therein are full of doubts For surely; they killed him not (i.e. ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah” – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but it appeared so to them [the resemblance of ‘Isa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man)], and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary) – Surah 4:157

31 Jesus died by crucifixion Jesus predicted itMk.8:31, Jesus predicted it The same Jesus died, was raised –Ac.2:36, this Jesus


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